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id3v2.h
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1 /*
2  * ID3v2 header parser
3  * Copyright (c) 2003 Fabrice Bellard
4  *
5  * This file is part of FFmpeg.
6  *
7  * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
8  * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
9  * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
10  * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
11  *
12  * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
13  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
14  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
15  * Lesser General Public License for more details.
16  *
17  * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
18  * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
19  * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
20  */
21 
22 #ifndef AVFORMAT_ID3V2_H
23 #define AVFORMAT_ID3V2_H
24 
25 #include <stdint.h>
26 #include "avformat.h"
27 #include "internal.h"
28 #include "metadata.h"
29 
30 #define ID3v2_HEADER_SIZE 10
31 
32 /**
33  * Default magic bytes for ID3v2 header: "ID3"
34  */
35 #define ID3v2_DEFAULT_MAGIC "ID3"
36 
37 #define ID3v2_FLAG_DATALEN 0x0001
38 #define ID3v2_FLAG_UNSYNCH 0x0002
39 #define ID3v2_FLAG_ENCRYPTION 0x0004
40 #define ID3v2_FLAG_COMPRESSION 0x0008
41 
42 #define ID3v2_PRIV_METADATA_PREFIX "id3v2_priv."
43 
49 };
50 
51 typedef struct ID3v2EncContext {
52  int version; ///< ID3v2 minor version, either 3 or 4
53  int64_t size_pos; ///< offset of the tag total size
54  int len; ///< size of the tag written so far
56 
57 typedef struct ID3v2ExtraMeta {
58  const char *tag;
59  void *data;
62 
63 typedef struct ID3v2ExtraMetaGEOB {
64  uint32_t datasize;
70 
71 typedef struct ID3v2ExtraMetaAPIC {
73  const char *type;
75  enum AVCodecID id;
77 
78 typedef struct ID3v2ExtraMetaPRIV {
81  uint32_t datasize;
83 
84 typedef struct ID3v2ExtraMetaCHAP {
86  uint32_t start, end;
89 
90 /**
91  * Detect ID3v2 Header.
92  * @param buf must be ID3v2_HEADER_SIZE byte long
93  * @param magic magic bytes to identify the header.
94  * If in doubt, use ID3v2_DEFAULT_MAGIC.
95  */
96 int ff_id3v2_match(const uint8_t *buf, const char *magic);
97 
98 /**
99  * Get the length of an ID3v2 tag.
100  * @param buf must be ID3v2_HEADER_SIZE bytes long and point to the start of an
101  * already detected ID3v2 tag
102  */
103 int ff_id3v2_tag_len(const uint8_t *buf);
104 
105 /**
106  * Read an ID3v2 tag into specified dictionary and retrieve supported extra metadata.
107  *
108  * @param metadata Parsed metadata is stored here
109  * @param extra_meta If not NULL, extra metadata is parsed into a list of
110  * ID3v2ExtraMeta structs and *extra_meta points to the head of the list
111  */
112 void ff_id3v2_read_dict(AVIOContext *pb, AVDictionary **metadata, const char *magic, ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta);
113 
114 /**
115  * Read an ID3v2 tag, including supported extra metadata.
116  *
117  * Data is read from and stored to AVFormatContext.
118  *
119  * @param extra_meta If not NULL, extra metadata is parsed into a list of
120  * ID3v2ExtraMeta structs and *extra_meta points to the head of the list
121  * @param[opt] max_search_search restrict ID3 magic number search (bytes from start)
122  */
123 void ff_id3v2_read(AVFormatContext *s, const char *magic, ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta,
124  unsigned int max_search_size);
125 
126 /**
127  * Initialize an ID3v2 tag.
128  */
129 void ff_id3v2_start(ID3v2EncContext *id3, AVIOContext *pb, int id3v2_version,
130  const char *magic);
131 
132 /**
133  * Convert and write all global metadata from s into an ID3v2 tag.
134  */
136 
137 /**
138  * Write an attached picture from pkt into an ID3v2 tag.
139  */
141 
142 /**
143  * Finalize an opened ID3v2 tag.
144  */
145 void ff_id3v2_finish(ID3v2EncContext *id3, AVIOContext *pb, int padding_bytes);
146 
147 /**
148  * Write an ID3v2 tag containing all global metadata from s.
149  * @param id3v2_version Subversion of ID3v2; supported values are 3 and 4
150  * @param magic magic bytes to identify the header
151  * If in doubt, use ID3v2_DEFAULT_MAGIC.
152  */
153 int ff_id3v2_write_simple(struct AVFormatContext *s, int id3v2_version, const char *magic);
154 
155 /**
156  * Free memory allocated parsing special (non-text) metadata.
157  * @param extra_meta Pointer to a pointer to the head of a ID3v2ExtraMeta list, *extra_meta is set to NULL.
158  */
159 void ff_id3v2_free_extra_meta(ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta);
160 
161 /**
162  * Create a stream for each APIC (attached picture) extracted from the
163  * ID3v2 header.
164  */
166 
167 /**
168  * Create chapters for all CHAP tags found in the ID3v2 header.
169  */
171 
172 /**
173  * Parse PRIV tags into a dictionary. The PRIV owner is the metadata key. The
174  * PRIV data is the value, with non-printable characters escaped.
175  */
177 
178 /**
179  * Add metadata for all PRIV tags in the ID3v2 header. The PRIV owner is the
180  * metadata key. The PRIV data is the value, with non-printable characters
181  * escaped.
182  */
184 
187 
188 /**
189  * A list of text information frames allowed in both ID3 v2.3 and v2.4
190  * http://www.id3.org/id3v2.4.0-frames
191  * http://www.id3.org/id3v2.4.0-changes
192  */
193 extern const char ff_id3v2_tags[][4];
194 
195 /**
196  * ID3v2.4-only text information frames.
197  */
198 extern const char ff_id3v2_4_tags[][4];
199 
200 /**
201  * ID3v2.3-only text information frames.
202  */
203 extern const char ff_id3v2_3_tags[][4];
204 
205 extern const CodecMime ff_id3v2_mime_tags[];
206 
207 extern const char * const ff_id3v2_picture_types[21];
208 
209 #endif /* AVFORMAT_ID3V2_H */
const char ff_id3v2_tags[][4]
A list of text information frames allowed in both ID3 v2.3 and v2.4 http://www.id3.org/id3v2.4.0-frames http://www.id3.org/id3v2.4.0-changes.
Definition: id3v2.c:87
void * data
Definition: id3v2.h:59
Bytestream IO Context.
Definition: avio.h:161
AVDictionary * meta
Definition: id3v2.h:87
int len
size of the tag written so far
Definition: id3v2.h:54
void ff_id3v2_start(ID3v2EncContext *id3, AVIOContext *pb, int id3v2_version, const char *magic)
Initialize an ID3v2 tag.
Definition: id3v2enc.c:205
int ff_id3v2_write_simple(struct AVFormatContext *s, int id3v2_version, const char *magic)
Write an ID3v2 tag containing all global metadata from s.
Definition: id3v2enc.c:410
void ff_id3v2_finish(ID3v2EncContext *id3, AVIOContext *pb, int padding_bytes)
Finalize an opened ID3v2 tag.
Definition: id3v2enc.c:386
int ff_id3v2_tag_len(const uint8_t *buf)
Get the length of an ID3v2 tag.
Definition: id3v2.c:155
uint8_t * element_id
Definition: id3v2.h:85
uint32_t datasize
Definition: id3v2.h:64
const AVMetadataConv ff_id3v2_34_metadata_conv[]
Definition: id3v2.c:44
int ff_id3v2_parse_apic(AVFormatContext *s, ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta)
Create a stream for each APIC (attached picture) extracted from the ID3v2 header. ...
Definition: id3v2.c:1140
static AVPacket pkt
const char ff_id3v2_3_tags[][4]
ID3v2.3-only text information frames.
Definition: id3v2.c:101
Format I/O context.
Definition: avformat.h:1351
ID3v2Encoding
Definition: id3v2.h:44
internal metadata API header see avformat.h or the public API!
uint8_t
const char *const ff_id3v2_picture_types[21]
Definition: id3v2.c:106
uint32_t end
Definition: id3v2.h:86
const char ff_id3v2_4_tags[][4]
ID3v2.4-only text information frames.
Definition: id3v2.c:95
uint8_t * description
Definition: id3v2.h:67
const char * type
Definition: id3v2.h:73
uint8_t * data
Definition: id3v2.h:68
const CodecMime ff_id3v2_mime_tags[]
Definition: id3v2.c:130
void ff_id3v2_read_dict(AVIOContext *pb, AVDictionary **metadata, const char *magic, ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta)
Read an ID3v2 tag into specified dictionary and retrieve supported extra metadata.
Definition: id3v2.c:1112
AVCodecID
Identify the syntax and semantics of the bitstream.
Definition: avcodec.h:215
uint8_t * data
Definition: id3v2.h:80
int ff_id3v2_parse_chapters(AVFormatContext *s, ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta)
Create chapters for all CHAP tags found in the ID3v2 header.
Definition: id3v2.c:1180
int ff_id3v2_write_metadata(AVFormatContext *s, ID3v2EncContext *id3)
Convert and write all global metadata from s into an ID3v2 tag.
Definition: id3v2enc.c:299
int64_t size_pos
offset of the tag total size
Definition: id3v2.h:53
uint32_t start
Definition: id3v2.h:86
#define s(width, name)
Definition: cbs_vp9.c:257
uint8_t * owner
Definition: id3v2.h:79
const AVMetadataConv ff_id3v2_4_metadata_conv[]
Definition: id3v2.c:63
int ff_id3v2_parse_priv(AVFormatContext *s, ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta)
Add metadata for all PRIV tags in the ID3v2 header.
Definition: id3v2.c:1273
struct ID3v2ExtraMeta * next
Definition: id3v2.h:60
enum AVCodecID id
Definition: id3v2.h:75
uint8_t * description
Definition: id3v2.h:74
void * buf
Definition: avisynth_c.h:690
void ff_id3v2_read(AVFormatContext *s, const char *magic, ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta, unsigned int max_search_size)
Read an ID3v2 tag, including supported extra metadata.
Definition: id3v2.c:1118
void ff_id3v2_free_extra_meta(ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta)
Free memory allocated parsing special (non-text) metadata.
Definition: id3v2.c:1124
int ff_id3v2_parse_priv_dict(AVDictionary **d, ID3v2ExtraMeta **extra_meta)
Parse PRIV tags into a dictionary.
Definition: id3v2.c:1231
int ff_id3v2_write_apic(AVFormatContext *s, ID3v2EncContext *id3, AVPacket *pkt)
Write an attached picture from pkt into an ID3v2 tag.
Definition: id3v2enc.c:317
uint8_t * mime_type
Definition: id3v2.h:65
A reference to a data buffer.
Definition: buffer.h:81
Main libavformat public API header.
const char * tag
Definition: id3v2.h:58
uint8_t * file_name
Definition: id3v2.h:66
AVBufferRef * buf
Definition: id3v2.h:72
uint32_t datasize
Definition: id3v2.h:81
int ff_id3v2_match(const uint8_t *buf, const char *magic)
Detect ID3v2 Header.
Definition: id3v2.c:142
int version
ID3v2 minor version, either 3 or 4.
Definition: id3v2.h:52
This structure stores compressed data.
Definition: avcodec.h:1408