ffserver Documentation

Table of Contents

1 Synopsis

ffserver [options]

2 Description

ffserver is a streaming server for both audio and video. It supports several live feeds, streaming from files and time shifting on live feeds. You can seek to positions in the past on each live feed, provided you specify a big enough feed storage.

ffserver is configured through a configuration file, which is read at startup. If not explicitly specified, it will read from /etc/ffserver.conf.

ffserver receives prerecorded files or FFM streams from some ffmpeg instance as input, then streams them over RTP/RTSP/HTTP.

An ffserver instance will listen on some port as specified in the configuration file. You can launch one or more instances of ffmpeg and send one or more FFM streams to the port where ffserver is expecting to receive them. Alternately, you can make ffserver launch such ffmpeg instances at startup.

Input streams are called feeds, and each one is specified by a <Feed> section in the configuration file.

For each feed you can have different output streams in various formats, each one specified by a <Stream> section in the configuration file.

3 Detailed description

ffserver works by forwarding streams encoded by ffmpeg, or pre-recorded streams which are read from disk.

Precisely, ffserver acts as an HTTP server, accepting POST requests from ffmpeg to acquire the stream to publish, and serving RTSP clients or HTTP clients GET requests with the stream media content.

A feed is an FFM stream created by ffmpeg, and sent to a port where ffserver is listening.

Each feed is identified by a unique name, corresponding to the name of the resource published on ffserver, and is configured by a dedicated Feed section in the configuration file.

The feed publish URL is given by:

http://ffserver_ip_address:http_port/feed_name

where ffserver_ip_address is the IP address of the machine where ffserver is installed, http_port is the port number of the HTTP server (configured through the HTTPPort option), and feed_name is the name of the corresponding feed defined in the configuration file.

Each feed is associated to a file which is stored on disk. This stored file is used to allow to send pre-recorded data to a player as fast as possible when new content is added in real-time to the stream.

A "live-stream" or "stream" is a resource published by ffserver, and made accessible through the HTTP protocol to clients.

A stream can be connected to a feed, or to a file. In the first case, the published stream is forwarded from the corresponding feed generated by a running instance of ffmpeg, in the second case the stream is read from a pre-recorded file.

Each stream is identified by a unique name, corresponding to the name of the resource served by ffserver, and is configured by a dedicated Stream section in the configuration file.

The stream access HTTP URL is given by:

http://ffserver_ip_address:http_port/stream_name[options]

The stream access RTSP URL is given by:

http://ffserver_ip_address:rtsp_port/stream_name[options]

stream_name is the name of the corresponding stream defined in the configuration file. options is a list of options specified after the URL which affects how the stream is served by ffserver. http_port and rtsp_port are the HTTP and RTSP ports configured with the options HTTPPort and RTSPPort respectively.

In case the stream is associated to a feed, the encoding parameters must be configured in the stream configuration. They are sent to ffmpeg when setting up the encoding. This allows ffserver to define the encoding parameters used by the ffmpeg encoders.

The ffmpeg override_ffserver commandline option allows one to override the encoding parameters set by the server.

Multiple streams can be connected to the same feed.

For example, you can have a situation described by the following graph:

               _________       __________
              |         |     |          |
ffmpeg 1 -----| feed 1  |-----| stream 1 |
    \         |_________|\    |__________|
     \                    \
      \                    \   __________
       \                    \ |          |
        \                    \| stream 2 |
         \                    |__________|
          \
           \   _________       __________
            \ |         |     |          |
             \| feed 2  |-----| stream 3 |
              |_________|     |__________|

               _________       __________
              |         |     |          |
ffmpeg 2 -----| feed 3  |-----| stream 4 |
              |_________|     |__________|

               _________       __________
              |         |     |          |
              | file 1  |-----| stream 5 |
              |_________|     |__________|

3.1 FFM, FFM2 formats

FFM and FFM2 are formats used by ffserver. They allow storing a wide variety of video and audio streams and encoding options, and can store a moving time segment of an infinite movie or a whole movie.

FFM is version specific, and there is limited compatibility of FFM files generated by one version of ffmpeg/ffserver and another version of ffmpeg/ffserver. It may work but it is not guaranteed to work.

FFM2 is extensible while maintaining compatibility and should work between differing versions of tools. FFM2 is the default.

3.2 Status stream

ffserver supports an HTTP interface which exposes the current status of the server.

Simply point your browser to the address of the special status stream specified in the configuration file.

For example if you have:

<Stream status.html>
Format status

# Only allow local people to get the status
ACL allow localhost
ACL allow 192.168.0.0 192.168.255.255
</Stream>

then the server will post a page with the status information when the special stream status.html is requested.

3.3 How do I make it work?

As a simple test, just run the following two command lines where INPUTFILE is some file which you can decode with ffmpeg:

ffserver -f doc/ffserver.conf &
ffmpeg -i INPUTFILE http://localhost:8090/feed1.ffm

At this point you should be able to go to your Windows machine and fire up Windows Media Player (WMP). Go to Open URL and enter

    http://<linuxbox>:8090/test.asf

You should (after a short delay) see video and hear audio.

WARNING: trying to stream test1.mpg doesn’t work with WMP as it tries to transfer the entire file before starting to play. The same is true of AVI files.

You should edit the ffserver.conf file to suit your needs (in terms of frame rates etc). Then install ffserver and ffmpeg, write a script to start them up, and off you go.

3.4 What else can it do?

You can replay video from .ffm files that was recorded earlier. However, there are a number of caveats, including the fact that the ffserver parameters must match the original parameters used to record the file. If they do not, then ffserver deletes the file before recording into it. (Now that I write this, it seems broken).

You can fiddle with many of the codec choices and encoding parameters, and there are a bunch more parameters that you cannot control. Post a message to the mailing list if there are some ’must have’ parameters. Look in ffserver.conf for a list of the currently available controls.

It will automatically generate the ASX or RAM files that are often used in browsers. These files are actually redirections to the underlying ASF or RM file. The reason for this is that the browser often fetches the entire file before starting up the external viewer. The redirection files are very small and can be transferred quickly. [The stream itself is often ’infinite’ and thus the browser tries to download it and never finishes.]

3.5 Tips

* When you connect to a live stream, most players (WMP, RA, etc) want to buffer a certain number of seconds of material so that they can display the signal continuously. However, ffserver (by default) starts sending data in realtime. This means that there is a pause of a few seconds while the buffering is being done by the player. The good news is that this can be cured by adding a ’?buffer=5’ to the end of the URL. This means that the stream should start 5 seconds in the past – and so the first 5 seconds of the stream are sent as fast as the network will allow. It will then slow down to real time. This noticeably improves the startup experience.

You can also add a ’Preroll 15’ statement into the ffserver.conf that will add the 15 second prebuffering on all requests that do not otherwise specify a time. In addition, ffserver will skip frames until a key_frame is found. This further reduces the startup delay by not transferring data that will be discarded.

3.6 Why does the ?buffer / Preroll stop working after a time?

It turns out that (on my machine at least) the number of frames successfully grabbed is marginally less than the number that ought to be grabbed. This means that the timestamp in the encoded data stream gets behind realtime. This means that if you say ’Preroll 10’, then when the stream gets 10 or more seconds behind, there is no Preroll left.

Fixing this requires a change in the internals of how timestamps are handled.

3.7 Does the ?date= stuff work.

Yes (subject to the limitation outlined above). Also note that whenever you start ffserver, it deletes the ffm file (if any parameters have changed), thus wiping out what you had recorded before.

The format of the ?date=xxxxxx is fairly flexible. You should use one of the following formats (the ’T’ is literal):

* YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS     (localtime)
* YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ    (UTC)

You can omit the YYYY-MM-DD, and then it refers to the current day. However note that ‘?date=16:00:00’ refers to 16:00 on the current day – this may be in the future and so is unlikely to be useful.

You use this by adding the ?date= to the end of the URL for the stream. For example: ‘http://localhost:8080/test.asf?date=2002-07-26T23:05:00’.

4 Options

All the numerical options, if not specified otherwise, accept a string representing a number as input, which may be followed by one of the SI unit prefixes, for example: ’K’, ’M’, or ’G’.

If ’i’ is appended to the SI unit prefix, the complete prefix will be interpreted as a unit prefix for binary multiples, which are based on powers of 1024 instead of powers of 1000. Appending ’B’ to the SI unit prefix multiplies the value by 8. This allows using, for example: ’KB’, ’MiB’, ’G’ and ’B’ as number suffixes.

Options which do not take arguments are boolean options, and set the corresponding value to true. They can be set to false by prefixing the option name with "no". For example using "-nofoo" will set the boolean option with name "foo" to false.

4.1 Stream specifiers

Some options are applied per-stream, e.g. bitrate or codec. Stream specifiers are used to precisely specify which stream(s) a given option belongs to.

A stream specifier is a string generally appended to the option name and separated from it by a colon. E.g. -codec:a:1 ac3 contains the a:1 stream specifier, which matches the second audio stream. Therefore, it would select the ac3 codec for the second audio stream.

A stream specifier can match several streams, so that the option is applied to all of them. E.g. the stream specifier in -b:a 128k matches all audio streams.

An empty stream specifier matches all streams. For example, -codec copy or -codec: copy would copy all the streams without reencoding.

Possible forms of stream specifiers are:

stream_index

Matches the stream with this index. E.g. -threads:1 4 would set the thread count for the second stream to 4.

stream_type[:stream_index]

stream_type is one of following: ’v’ for video, ’a’ for audio, ’s’ for subtitle, ’d’ for data, and ’t’ for attachments. If stream_index is given, then it matches stream number stream_index of this type. Otherwise, it matches all streams of this type.

p:program_id[:stream_index]

If stream_index is given, then it matches the stream with number stream_index in the program with the id program_id. Otherwise, it matches all streams in the program.

#stream_id or i:stream_id

Match the stream by stream id (e.g. PID in MPEG-TS container).

m:key[:value]

Matches streams with the metadata tag key having the specified value. If value is not given, matches streams that contain the given tag with any value.

Note that in ffmpeg, matching by metadata will only work properly for input files.

4.2 Generic options

These options are shared amongst the ff* tools.

-L

Show license.

-h, -?, -help, --help [arg]

Show help. An optional parameter may be specified to print help about a specific item. If no argument is specified, only basic (non advanced) tool options are shown.

Possible values of arg are:

long

Print advanced tool options in addition to the basic tool options.

full

Print complete list of options, including shared and private options for encoders, decoders, demuxers, muxers, filters, etc.

decoder=decoder_name

Print detailed information about the decoder named decoder_name. Use the -decoders option to get a list of all decoders.

encoder=encoder_name

Print detailed information about the encoder named encoder_name. Use the -encoders option to get a list of all encoders.

demuxer=demuxer_name

Print detailed information about the demuxer named demuxer_name. Use the -formats option to get a list of all demuxers and muxers.

muxer=muxer_name

Print detailed information about the muxer named muxer_name. Use the -formats option to get a list of all muxers and demuxers.

filter=filter_name

Print detailed information about the filter name filter_name. Use the -filters option to get a list of all filters.

-version

Show version.

-formats

Show available formats.

-codecs

Show all codecs known to libavcodec.

Note that the term ’codec’ is used throughout this documentation as a shortcut for what is more correctly called a media bitstream format.

-decoders

Show available decoders.

-encoders

Show all available encoders.

-bsfs

Show available bitstream filters.

-protocols

Show available protocols.

-filters

Show available libavfilter filters.

-pix_fmts

Show available pixel formats.

-sample_fmts

Show available sample formats.

-layouts

Show channel names and standard channel layouts.

-colors

Show recognized color names.

-loglevel [repeat+]loglevel | -v [repeat+]loglevel

Set the logging level used by the library. Adding "repeat+" indicates that repeated log output should not be compressed to the first line and the "Last message repeated n times" line will be omitted. "repeat" can also be used alone. If "repeat" is used alone, and with no prior loglevel set, the default loglevel will be used. If multiple loglevel parameters are given, using ’repeat’ will not change the loglevel. loglevel is a number or a string containing one of the following values:

quiet

Show nothing at all; be silent.

panic

Only show fatal errors which could lead the process to crash, such as and assert failure. This is not currently used for anything.

fatal

Only show fatal errors. These are errors after which the process absolutely cannot continue after.

error

Show all errors, including ones which can be recovered from.

warning

Show all warnings and errors. Any message related to possibly incorrect or unexpected events will be shown.

info

Show informative messages during processing. This is in addition to warnings and errors. This is the default value.

verbose

Same as info, except more verbose.

debug

Show everything, including debugging information.

By default the program logs to stderr, if coloring is supported by the terminal, colors are used to mark errors and warnings. Log coloring can be disabled setting the environment variable AV_LOG_FORCE_NOCOLOR or NO_COLOR, or can be forced setting the environment variable AV_LOG_FORCE_COLOR. The use of the environment variable NO_COLOR is deprecated and will be dropped in a following FFmpeg version.

-report

Dump full command line and console output to a file named program-YYYYMMDD-HHMMSS.log in the current directory. This file can be useful for bug reports. It also implies -loglevel verbose.

Setting the environment variable FFREPORT to any value has the same effect. If the value is a ’:’-separated key=value sequence, these options will affect the report; options values must be escaped if they contain special characters or the options delimiter ’:’ (see the “Quoting and escaping” section in the ffmpeg-utils manual). The following option is recognized:

file

set the file name to use for the report; %p is expanded to the name of the program, %t is expanded to a timestamp, %% is expanded to a plain %

level

set the log level

Errors in parsing the environment variable are not fatal, and will not appear in the report.

-hide_banner

Suppress printing banner.

All FFmpeg tools will normally show a copyright notice, build options and library versions. This option can be used to suppress printing this information.

-cpuflags flags (global)

Allows setting and clearing cpu flags. This option is intended for testing. Do not use it unless you know what you’re doing.

ffmpeg -cpuflags -sse+mmx ...
ffmpeg -cpuflags mmx ...
ffmpeg -cpuflags 0 ...

Possible flags for this option are:

x86
mmx
mmxext
sse
sse2
sse2slow
sse3
sse3slow
ssse3
atom
sse4.1
sse4.2
avx
xop
fma4
3dnow
3dnowext
cmov
ARM
armv5te
armv6
armv6t2
vfp
vfpv3
neon
PowerPC
altivec
Specific Processors
pentium2
pentium3
pentium4
k6
k62
athlon
athlonxp
k8
-opencl_bench

Benchmark all available OpenCL devices and show the results. This option is only available when FFmpeg has been compiled with --enable-opencl.

-opencl_options options (global)

Set OpenCL environment options. This option is only available when FFmpeg has been compiled with --enable-opencl.

options must be a list of key=value option pairs separated by ’:’. See the “OpenCL Options” section in the ffmpeg-utils manual for the list of supported options.

4.3 AVOptions

These options are provided directly by the libavformat, libavdevice and libavcodec libraries. To see the list of available AVOptions, use the -help option. They are separated into two categories:

generic

These options can be set for any container, codec or device. Generic options are listed under AVFormatContext options for containers/devices and under AVCodecContext options for codecs.

private

These options are specific to the given container, device or codec. Private options are listed under their corresponding containers/devices/codecs.

For example to write an ID3v2.3 header instead of a default ID3v2.4 to an MP3 file, use the id3v2_version private option of the MP3 muxer:

ffmpeg -i input.flac -id3v2_version 3 out.mp3

All codec AVOptions are per-stream, and thus a stream specifier should be attached to them.

Note: the -nooption syntax cannot be used for boolean AVOptions, use -option 0/-option 1.

Note: the old undocumented way of specifying per-stream AVOptions by prepending v/a/s to the options name is now obsolete and will be removed soon.

4.4 Main options

-f configfile

Read configuration file configfile. If not specified it will read by default from /etc/ffserver.conf.

-n

Enable no-launch mode. This option disables all the Launch directives within the various <Feed> sections. Since ffserver will not launch any ffmpeg instances, you will have to launch them manually.

-d

Enable debug mode. This option increases log verbosity, and directs log messages to stdout. When specified, the CustomLog option is ignored.

5 Configuration file syntax

ffserver reads a configuration file containing global options and settings for each stream and feed.

The configuration file consists of global options and dedicated sections, which must be introduced by "<SECTION_NAME ARGS>" on a separate line and must be terminated by a line in the form "</SECTION_NAME>". ARGS is optional.

Currently the following sections are recognized: ‘Feed’, ‘Stream’, ‘Redirect’.

A line starting with # is ignored and treated as a comment.

Name of options and sections are case-insensitive.

5.1 ACL syntax

An ACL (Access Control List) specifies the address which are allowed to access a given stream, or to write a given feed.

It accepts the folling forms

  • Allow/deny access to address.
    ACL ALLOW <address>
    ACL DENY <address>
    
  • Allow/deny access to ranges of addresses from first_address to last_address.
    ACL ALLOW <first_address> <last_address>
    ACL DENY <first_address> <last_address>
    

You can repeat the ACL allow/deny as often as you like. It is on a per stream basis. The first match defines the action. If there are no matches, then the default is the inverse of the last ACL statement.

Thus ’ACL allow localhost’ only allows access from localhost. ’ACL deny 1.0.0.0 1.255.255.255’ would deny the whole of network 1 and allow everybody else.

5.2 Global options

HTTPPort port_number
Port port_number
RTSPPort port_number

HTTPPort sets the HTTP server listening TCP port number, RTSPPort sets the RTSP server listening TCP port number.

Port is the equivalent of HTTPPort and is deprecated.

You must select a different port from your standard HTTP web server if it is running on the same computer.

If not specified, no corresponding server will be created.

HTTPBindAddress ip_address
BindAddress ip_address
RTSPBindAddress ip_address

Set address on which the HTTP/RTSP server is bound. Only useful if you have several network interfaces.

BindAddress is the equivalent of HTTPBindAddress and is deprecated.

MaxHTTPConnections n

Set number of simultaneous HTTP connections that can be handled. It has to be defined before the MaxClients parameter, since it defines the MaxClients maximum limit.

Default value is 2000.

MaxClients n

Set number of simultaneous requests that can be handled. Since ffserver is very fast, it is more likely that you will want to leave this high and use MaxBandwidth.

Default value is 5.

MaxBandwidth kbps

Set the maximum amount of kbit/sec that you are prepared to consume when streaming to clients.

Default value is 1000.

CustomLog filename

Set access log file (uses standard Apache log file format). ’-’ is the standard output.

If not specified ffserver will produce no log.

In case the commandline option -d is specified this option is ignored, and the log is written to standard output.

NoDaemon

Set no-daemon mode. This option is currently ignored since now ffserver will always work in no-daemon mode, and is deprecated.

5.3 Feed section

A Feed section defines a feed provided to ffserver.

Each live feed contains one video and/or audio sequence coming from an ffmpeg encoder or another ffserver. This sequence may be encoded simultaneously with several codecs at several resolutions.

A feed instance specification is introduced by a line in the form:

<Feed FEED_FILENAME>

where FEED_FILENAME specifies the unique name of the FFM stream.

The following options are recognized within a Feed section.

File filename
ReadOnlyFile filename

Set the path where the feed file is stored on disk.

If not specified, the /tmp/FEED.ffm is assumed, where FEED is the feed name.

If ReadOnlyFile is used the file is marked as read-only and it will not be deleted or updated.

Truncate

Truncate the feed file, rather than appending to it. By default ffserver will append data to the file, until the maximum file size value is reached (see FileMaxSize option).

FileMaxSize size

Set maximum size of the feed file in bytes. 0 means unlimited. The postfixes K (2^10), M (2^20), and G (2^30) are recognized.

Default value is 5M.

Launch args

Launch an ffmpeg command when creating ffserver.

args must be a sequence of arguments to be provided to an ffmpeg instance. The first provided argument is ignored, and it is replaced by a path with the same dirname of the ffserver instance, followed by the remaining argument and terminated with a path corresponding to the feed.

When the launched process exits, ffserver will launch another program instance.

In case you need a more complex ffmpeg configuration, e.g. if you need to generate multiple FFM feeds with a single ffmpeg instance, you should launch ffmpeg by hand.

This option is ignored in case the commandline option -n is specified.

ACL spec

Specify the list of IP address which are allowed or denied to write the feed. Multiple ACL options can be specified.

5.4 Stream section

A Stream section defines a stream provided by ffserver, and identified by a single name.

The stream is sent when answering a request containing the stream name.

A stream section must be introduced by the line:

<Stream STREAM_NAME>

where STREAM_NAME specifies the unique name of the stream.

The following options are recognized within a Stream section.

Encoding options are marked with the encoding tag, and they are used to set the encoding parameters, and are mapped to libavcodec encoding options. Not all encoding options are supported, in particular it is not possible to set encoder private options. In order to override the encoding options specified by ffserver, you can use the ffmpeg override_ffserver commandline option.

Only one of the Feed and File options should be set.

Feed feed_name

Set the input feed. feed_name must correspond to an existing feed defined in a Feed section.

When this option is set, encoding options are used to setup the encoding operated by the remote ffmpeg process.

File filename

Set the filename of the pre-recorded input file to stream.

When this option is set, encoding options are ignored and the input file content is re-streamed as is.

Format format_name

Set the format of the output stream.

Must be the name of a format recognized by FFmpeg. If set to ‘status’, it is treated as a status stream.

InputFormat format_name

Set input format. If not specified, it is automatically guessed.

Preroll n

Set this to the number of seconds backwards in time to start. Note that most players will buffer 5-10 seconds of video, and also you need to allow for a keyframe to appear in the data stream.

Default value is 0.

StartSendOnKey

Do not send stream until it gets the first key frame. By default ffserver will send data immediately.

MaxTime n

Set the number of seconds to run. This value set the maximum duration of the stream a client will be able to receive.

A value of 0 means that no limit is set on the stream duration.

ACL spec

Set ACL for the stream.

DynamicACL spec
RTSPOption option
MulticastAddress address
MulticastPort port
MulticastTTL integer
NoLoop
FaviconURL url

Set favicon (favourite icon) for the server status page. It is ignored for regular streams.

Author value
Comment value
Copyright value
Title value

Set metadata corresponding to the option. All these options are deprecated in favor of Metadata.

Metadata key value

Set metadata value on the output stream.

NoAudio
NoVideo

Suppress audio/video.

AudioCodec codec_name (encoding,audio)

Set audio codec.

AudioBitRate rate (encoding,audio)

Set bitrate for the audio stream in kbits per second.

AudioChannels n (encoding,audio)

Set number of audio channels.

AudioSampleRate n (encoding,audio)

Set sampling frequency for audio. When using low bitrates, you should lower this frequency to 22050 or 11025. The supported frequencies depend on the selected audio codec.

AVOptionAudio option value (encoding,audio)

Set generic option for audio stream.

AVPresetAudio preset (encoding,audio)

Set preset for audio stream.

VideoCodec codec_name (encoding,video)

Set video codec.

VideoBitRate n (encoding,video)

Set bitrate for the video stream in kbits per second.

VideoBitRateRange range (encoding,video)

Set video bitrate range.

A range must be specified in the form minrate-maxrate, and specifies the minrate and maxrate encoding options expressed in kbits per second.

VideoBitRateRangeTolerance n (encoding,video)

Set video bitrate tolerance in kbits per second.

PixelFormat pixel_format (encoding,video)

Set video pixel format.

Debug integer (encoding,video)

Set video debug encoding option.

Strict integer (encoding,video)

Set video strict encoding option.

VideoBufferSize n (encoding,video)

Set ratecontrol buffer size, expressed in KB.

VideoFrameRate n (encoding,video)

Set number of video frames per second.

VideoSize (encoding,video)

Set size of the video frame, must be an abbreviation or in the form WxH. See (ffmpeg-utils)the Video size section in the ffmpeg-utils(1) manual.

Default value is 160x128.

VideoIntraOnly (encoding,video)

Transmit only intra frames (useful for low bitrates, but kills frame rate).

VideoGopSize n (encoding,video)

If non-intra only, an intra frame is transmitted every VideoGopSize frames. Video synchronization can only begin at an intra frame.

VideoTag tag (encoding,video)

Set video tag.

VideoHighQuality (encoding,video)
Video4MotionVector (encoding,video)
BitExact (encoding,video)

Set bitexact encoding flag.

IdctSimple (encoding,video)

Set simple IDCT algorithm.

Qscale n (encoding,video)

Enable constant quality encoding, and set video qscale (quantization scale) value, expressed in n QP units.

VideoQMin n (encoding,video)
VideoQMax n (encoding,video)

Set video qmin/qmax.

VideoQDiff integer (encoding,video)

Set video qdiff encoding option.

LumiMask float (encoding,video)
DarkMask float (encoding,video)

Set lumi_mask/dark_mask encoding options.

AVOptionVideo option value (encoding,video)

Set generic option for video stream.

AVPresetVideo preset (encoding,video)

Set preset for video stream.

preset must be the path of a preset file.

5.4.1 Server status stream

A server status stream is a special stream which is used to show statistics about the ffserver operations.

It must be specified setting the option Format to ‘status’.

5.5 Redirect section

A redirect section specifies where to redirect the requested URL to another page.

A redirect section must be introduced by the line:

<Redirect NAME>

where NAME is the name of the page which should be redirected.

It only accepts the option URL, which specify the redirection URL.

6 Stream examples

  • Multipart JPEG
    <Stream test.mjpg>
    Feed feed1.ffm
    Format mpjpeg
    VideoFrameRate 2
    VideoIntraOnly
    NoAudio
    Strict -1
    </Stream>
    
  • Single JPEG
    <Stream test.jpg>
    Feed feed1.ffm
    Format jpeg
    VideoFrameRate 2
    VideoIntraOnly
    VideoSize 352x240
    NoAudio
    Strict -1
    </Stream>
    
  • Flash
    <Stream test.swf>
    Feed feed1.ffm
    Format swf
    VideoFrameRate 2
    VideoIntraOnly
    NoAudio
    </Stream>
    
  • ASF compatible
    <Stream test.asf>
    Feed feed1.ffm
    Format asf
    VideoFrameRate 15
    VideoSize 352x240
    VideoBitRate 256
    VideoBufferSize 40
    VideoGopSize 30
    AudioBitRate 64
    StartSendOnKey
    </Stream>
    
  • MP3 audio
    <Stream test.mp3>
    Feed feed1.ffm
    Format mp2
    AudioCodec mp3
    AudioBitRate 64
    AudioChannels 1
    AudioSampleRate 44100
    NoVideo
    </Stream>
    
  • Ogg Vorbis audio
    <Stream test.ogg>
    Feed feed1.ffm
    Metadata title "Stream title"
    AudioBitRate 64
    AudioChannels 2
    AudioSampleRate 44100
    NoVideo
    </Stream>
    
  • Real with audio only at 32 kbits
    <Stream test.ra>
    Feed feed1.ffm
    Format rm
    AudioBitRate 32
    NoVideo
    </Stream>
    
  • Real with audio and video at 64 kbits
    <Stream test.rm>
    Feed feed1.ffm
    Format rm
    AudioBitRate 32
    VideoBitRate 128
    VideoFrameRate 25
    VideoGopSize 25
    </Stream>
    
  • For stream coming from a file: you only need to set the input filename and optionally a new format.
    <Stream file.rm>
    File "/usr/local/httpd/htdocs/tlive.rm"
    NoAudio
    </Stream>
    
    <Stream file.asf>
    File "/usr/local/httpd/htdocs/test.asf"
    NoAudio
    Metadata author "Me"
    Metadata copyright "Super MegaCorp"
    Metadata title "Test stream from disk"
    Metadata comment "Test comment"
    </Stream>
    

7 See Also

ffserver-all, the doc/ffserver.conf example, ffmpeg, ffplay, ffprobe, ffmpeg-utils, ffmpeg-scaler, ffmpeg-resampler, ffmpeg-codecs, ffmpeg-bitstream-filters, ffmpeg-formats, ffmpeg-devices, ffmpeg-protocols, ffmpeg-filters

8 Authors

The FFmpeg developers.

For details about the authorship, see the Git history of the project (git://source.ffmpeg.org/ffmpeg), e.g. by typing the command git log in the FFmpeg source directory, or browsing the online repository at http://source.ffmpeg.org.

Maintainers for the specific components are listed in the file MAINTAINERS in the source code tree.

This document was generated on September 21, 2014 using makeinfo.