[FFmpeg-cvslog] avformat/mpegenc: Ensure packet queue stays valid

Andreas Rheinhardt git at videolan.org
Wed Oct 20 01:06:04 EEST 2021

ffmpeg | branch: release/4.1 | Andreas Rheinhardt <andreas.rheinhardt at gmail.com> | Mon Feb 15 03:26:04 2021 +0100| [010281ed230454042abf8b88696678c669a0f279] | committer: James Almer

avformat/mpegenc: Ensure packet queue stays valid

The MPEG-PS muxer uses a custom queue of custom packets. To keep track
of it, it has a pointer (named predecode_packet) to the head of the
queue and a pointer to where the next packet is to be added (it points
to the next-pointer of the last element of the queue); furthermore,
there is also a pointer that points into the queue (called premux_packet).

The exact behaviour was as follows: If premux_packet was NULL when a
packet is received, it is taken to mean that the old queue is empty and
a new queue is started. premux_packet will point to the head of said
queue and the next_packet-pointer points to its next pointer. If
predecode_packet is NULL, it will also made to point to the newly
allocated element.

But if premux_packet is NULL and predecode_packet is not, then there
will be two queues with head elements premux_packet and
predecode_packet. Yet only elements reachable from predecode_packet are
ever freed, so the premux_packet queue leaks.
Worse yet, when the predecode_packet queue will be eventually exhausted,
predecode_packet will be made to point into the other queue and when
predecode_packet will be freed, the next pointer of the preceding
element of the queue will still point to the element just freed. This
element might very well be still reachable from premux_packet which
leads to use-after-frees lateron. This happened in the tickets mentioned

Fix this by never creating two queues in the first place by checking for
predecode_packet to know whether the queue is empty. If premux_packet is
NULL, then it is set to the newly allocated element of the queue.

Fixes tickets #6887, #8188 and #8266.

Signed-off-by: Andreas Rheinhardt <andreas.rheinhardt at gmail.com>
(cherry picked from commit cfce16449cb815132f829d5a07beb138dfb2cba6)

> http://git.videolan.org/gitweb.cgi/ffmpeg.git/?a=commit;h=010281ed230454042abf8b88696678c669a0f279

 libavformat/mpegenc.c | 19 +++++++++++--------
 1 file changed, 11 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/libavformat/mpegenc.c b/libavformat/mpegenc.c
index e9b53ba1e0..0e23fe9936 100644
--- a/libavformat/mpegenc.c
+++ b/libavformat/mpegenc.c
@@ -48,9 +48,9 @@ typedef struct StreamInfo {
     uint8_t id;
     int max_buffer_size; /* in bytes */
     int buffer_index;
-    PacketDesc *predecode_packet;
+    PacketDesc *predecode_packet; /* start of packet queue */
+    PacketDesc *last_packet;      /* end of packet queue */
     PacketDesc *premux_packet;
-    PacketDesc **next_packet;
     int packet_number;
     uint8_t lpcm_header[3];
     int lpcm_align;
@@ -966,6 +966,8 @@ static int remove_decoded_packets(AVFormatContext *ctx, int64_t scr)
             stream->buffer_index    -= pkt_desc->size;
             stream->predecode_packet = pkt_desc->next;
+            if (!stream->predecode_packet)
+                stream->last_packet = NULL;
@@ -1157,12 +1159,16 @@ static int mpeg_mux_write_packet(AVFormatContext *ctx, AVPacket *pkt)
     av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_TRACE, "dts:%f pts:%f flags:%d stream:%d nopts:%d\n",
             dts / 90000.0, pts / 90000.0, pkt->flags,
             pkt->stream_index, pts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE);
-    if (!stream->premux_packet)
-        stream->next_packet = &stream->premux_packet;
-    *stream->next_packet     =
     pkt_desc                 = av_mallocz(sizeof(PacketDesc));
     if (!pkt_desc)
         return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
+    if (!stream->predecode_packet) {
+        stream->predecode_packet  = pkt_desc;
+    } else
+        stream->last_packet->next = pkt_desc;
+    stream->last_packet = pkt_desc;
+    if (!stream->premux_packet)
+        stream->premux_packet = pkt_desc;
     pkt_desc->pts            = pts;
     pkt_desc->dts            = dts;
@@ -1180,9 +1186,6 @@ static int mpeg_mux_write_packet(AVFormatContext *ctx, AVPacket *pkt)
     pkt_desc->unwritten_size =
     pkt_desc->size           = size;
-    if (!stream->predecode_packet)
-        stream->predecode_packet = pkt_desc;
-    stream->next_packet = &pkt_desc->next;
     if (av_fifo_realloc2(stream->fifo, av_fifo_size(stream->fifo) + size) < 0)
         return -1;

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