[Ffmpeg-devel] MPEG4 ISO Compliance (known problems)

Michael Niedermayer michaelni
Fri Apr 28 19:34:45 CEST 2006


On Fri, Apr 28, 2006 at 11:35:24AM +0100, Rahul Kumar wrote:
> Hi everyone,
>   I have tried to compile the known deviations of MPEG-4 implemetation
> vis-a-vis ISO specification. Hopefully this will be of help to
> someone. Here is the list:
> 1) FFMPEG directly applies the equations of section (of the
> standard), for a interlaced direct-mode macro-block. However since
> FFMPEG stores motion vectors as field motion vectors, (for field
> macroblocks  mv=mv/2), this prodoces erroneous result. I think the
> cleanest way to solve this problem would be to always store the motion
> vectors as frame motion-vectos, irrespective of the block-type, and
> perform adjustment for field-based macroblocks in mpeg_motion() or
> qpel_motion().

please provide a sample which isnt decoded correctly, IMHO ffmpeg
matches the spec


> 3) FFMPEG doesn't implment the 16x8 QPEL filtering for field macroblocks.
> Note the comments in qpel_motion
> ...............
>         //damn interlaced mode
>         //FIXME boundary mirroring is not exactly correct here
>         qpix_op[1][dxy](dest_y  , ptr_y  , linesize);
>         qpix_op[1][dxy](dest_y+8, ptr_y+8, linesize);
> ...........
> As specied in the comments, boundary mirroring isn't exactly correct
> in the above code.

true, this isnt correct and known, you can send a patch if you want, its not
very critical though as interlacing + qpel is rare and the filtering
is just slightly wrong

> 4) AMV calculation for 1 Warp-point is not correct. Further in the
> function mpeg4_decode_sprite_trajectory(), the reduction in number of
> wart-points
> (.........../* try to simplify the situation */..........) should not
> be tried, if ISO compliance is desired.

please elaborate on what you think is wrong exactly

> 5) FFMPEG doesn't detect stuffing bits at the end of each macroblock
> before trying to re-sync. A simple piece of code given below can help:
>             // skip any stuffing
>             if(s->pict_type==I_TYPE)
>             {
>                 // stuffing mb "000000001"
>                 while( show_bits(&s->gb, 9)==1)
>                     get_bits(&s->gb, 9);
>             }
>             else
>             {
>                 // no-skip, followed by stuffing mb "000000001"
>                 while( show_bits(&s->gb, 10)==1)
>                     get_bits(&s->gb, 10);
>             }
>            if(mpeg4_is_resync(s)){
> .............
> .......
> ..
> However this causes problems with DIVX streams!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

does the spec allow this at all? i cant see how, the macroblock bitstream
syntax drops stuffing MBs prior to MBs

> 6) Mismatch control is not implemented in dct_unquantize_mpeg2_intra_c()


> 7) The function mpeg4_decode_block() always compares
> "intra_dc_threshold" with the current qscale values, to ascertain
> whether the macroblock has DC coeff. However, but for the first coded
> Macro-block in a packet, it should use previous qscale value for this
> comparison.


PS: please provide sample mpeg4 bitstreams if you have any which show artiacts
due to any of these issues, its much easier to fix the code if a sample for
testing is available


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Today you'd get arrested for mere telling someone where the library is

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