[FFmpeg-devel] [PATCH] vf_overlay: add support to RGBA packed input and output
Michael Niedermayer
michaelni at gmx.at
Sun Oct 30 22:47:31 CET 2011
On Sun, Oct 30, 2011 at 10:34:41PM +0100, Stefano Sabatini wrote:
> On date Sunday 2011-10-30 14:42:38 +0100, Michael Niedermayer encoded:
> > On Sat, Oct 29, 2011 at 04:47:41PM +0200, Stefano Sabatini wrote:
> [...]
> > > + switch (alpha) {
> > > + case 0:
> > > + break;
> > > + case 255:
> > > + d[dr] = s[sr];
> > > + d[dg] = s[sg];
> > > + d[db] = s[sb];
> > > + break;
> > > + default:
> > > + // main_value = main_value * (1 - alpha) + overlay_value * alpha
> >
> > > + // apply a fast approximation: X/255 ~ (X+128)/256
> >
> > please use +128*257>>16 (which is exact)
>
> Uhm I suppose you meant:
> ((X * 257) + 257)>> 16
i think we want round to nearest which is
(x+127)/255
or
((x+127)*257 + 257)>>16
this can be simplified to
((x+128)*257)>>16
(above all untested!)
>
> For the interested reader:
> research.swtch.com/2008/01/division-via-multiplication.html
> (or read TAOCP if you want the long version ;-)).
>
> Then I tested with the plain version:
> 22001580 dezicycles in first, 2 runs, 0 skips
> 22377187 dezicycles in first, 4 runs, 0 skips
> 22358670 dezicycles in first, 8 runs, 0 skips
> 22430178 dezicycles in first, 16 runs, 0 skips
> 27048690 dezicycles in first, 32 runs, 0 skips
> 24722512 dezicycles in first, 64 runs, 0 skips
> 23467227 dezicycles in first, 128 runs, 0 skips
> 22707239 dezicycles in first, 256 runs, 0 skips
> 22325824 dezicycles in first, 512 runs, 0 skips
> 22106139 dezicycles in first, 1024 runs, 0 skips
> 22007162 dezicycles in first, 2048 runs, 0 skips
> 21959926 dezicycles in first, 4096 runs, 0 skips
> 21978105 dezicycles in first, 8192 runs, 0 skips
> 21927611 dezicycles in first, 16384 runs, 0 skips
> 21889967 dezicycles in first, 32768 runs, 0 skips
>
> With the optmized variant:
> 20987625 dezicycles in first, 2 runs, 0 skips
> 20781405 dezicycles in first, 4 runs, 0 skips
> 20581886 dezicycles in first, 8 runs, 0 skips
> 20787228 dezicycles in first, 16 runs, 0 skips
> 21084062 dezicycles in first, 32 runs, 0 skips
> 21028600 dezicycles in first, 64 runs, 0 skips
> 20786884 dezicycles in first, 128 runs, 0 skips
> 20671322 dezicycles in first, 256 runs, 0 skips
> 20563223 dezicycles in first, 512 runs, 0 skips
> 20527375 dezicycles in first, 1024 runs, 0 skips
> 20481658 dezicycles in first, 2048 runs, 0 skips
> 20452863 dezicycles in first, 4096 runs, 0 skips
> 20535609 dezicycles in first, 8192 runs, 0 skips
> 20503526 dezicycles in first, 16384 runs, 0 skips
> 20465800 dezicycles in first, 32768 runs, 0 skips
>
> But I confess that I always build ffmpeg with optimizations disabled
you really should not when doing optimizations
> (for easing debugging) and I suppose that most decent compilers
> will know all about these numerical tricks, so I'm not sure if
> these hand-crafted optimizations are worth the code obfuscation.
gcc has to proof that x*257 wont overflow, is within the range
where its valid and that x is not negative.
so i wouldnt bet that it reliably can do this on its own
A human will often just know something isnt negative while a compiler
might just not be able to proof it. In this case it might work out,
i havnt checked what gcc creates out of the divide
[...]
--
Michael GnuPG fingerprint: 9FF2128B147EF6730BADF133611EC787040B0FAB
No snowflake in an avalanche ever feels responsible. -- Voltaire
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