[FFmpeg-devel] [PATCH 1/2] avutil/common: add av_rint64_clip
Ganesh Ajjanagadde
gajjanagadde at gmail.com
Fri Nov 13 15:06:12 CET 2015
On Fri, Nov 13, 2015 at 8:52 AM, Ronald S. Bultje <rsbultje at gmail.com> wrote:
> Hi,
>
> On Fri, Nov 13, 2015 at 8:08 AM, Ronald S. Bultje <rsbultje at gmail.com>
> wrote:
>>
>> Hi,
>>
>> On Thu, Nov 12, 2015 at 9:46 PM, Ganesh Ajjanagadde
>> <gajjanagadde at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>
>>> The rationale for this function is reflected in the documentation for
>>> it, and is copied here:
>>>
>>> Clip a double value into the long long amin-amax range.
>>> This function is needed because conversion of floating point to integers
>>> when
>>> it does not fit in the integer's representation does not necessarily
>>> saturate
>>> correctly (usually converted to a cvttsd2si on x86) which saturates
>>> numbers
>>> > INT64_MAX to INT64_MIN. The standard marks such conversions as
>>> > undefined
>>> behavior, allowing this sort of mathematically bogus conversions. This
>>> provides
>>> a safe alternative that is slower obviously but assures safety and better
>>> mathematical behavior.
>>> API:
>>> @param a value to clip
>>> @param amin minimum value of the clip range
>>> @param amax maximum value of the clip range
>>> @return clipped value
>>>
>>> Note that a priori if one can guarantee from the calling side that the
>>> double is in range, it is safe to simply do an explicit/implicit cast,
>>> and that will be far faster. However, otherwise this function should be
>>> used.
>>>
>>> avutil minor version is bumped.
>>>
>>> Reviewed-by: Ronald S. Bultje <rsbultje at gmail.com>
>>> Signed-off-by: Ganesh Ajjanagadde <gajjanagadde at gmail.com>
>>> ---
>>> libavutil/common.h | 31 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>> libavutil/version.h | 4 ++--
>>> 2 files changed, 33 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/libavutil/common.h b/libavutil/common.h
>>> index 6f0f582..4f60e72 100644
>>> --- a/libavutil/common.h
>>> +++ b/libavutil/common.h
>>> @@ -298,6 +298,34 @@ static av_always_inline av_const double
>>> av_clipd_c(double a, double amin, double
>>> else return a;
>>> }
>>>
>>> +/**
>>> + * Clip and convert a double value into the long long amin-amax range.
>>> + * This function is needed because conversion of floating point to
>>> integers when
>>> + * it does not fit in the integer's representation does not necessarily
>>> saturate
>>> + * correctly (usually converted to a cvttsd2si on x86) which saturates
>>> numbers
>>> + * > INT64_MAX to INT64_MIN. The standard marks such conversions as
>>> undefined
>>> + * behavior, allowing this sort of mathematically bogus conversions.
>>> This provides
>>> + * a safe alternative that is slower obviously but assures safety and
>>> better
>>> + * mathematical behavior.
>>> + * @param a value to clip
>>> + * @param amin minimum value of the clip range
>>> + * @param amax maximum value of the clip range
>>> + * @return clipped value
>>> + */
>>> +static av_always_inline av_const int64_t av_rint64_clip_c(double a,
>>> int64_t amin, int64_t amax)
>>> +{
>>> +#if defined(HAVE_AV_CONFIG_H) && defined(ASSERT_LEVEL) && ASSERT_LEVEL
>>> >= 2
>>> + if (amin > amax) abort();
>>> +#endif
>>> + // INT64_MAX+1,INT64_MIN are exactly representable as IEEE doubles
>>> + if (a >= 9223372036854775808.0)
>>> + return INT64_MAX;
>>> + if (a <= INT64_MIN)
>>> + return INT64_MIN;
>>> + // Finally safe to call av_clipd_c
>>> + return (int64_t)av_clipd_c(a, amin, amax);
>>
>>
>> Also, please use llrint for casting (it rounds), and clip in integer
>> domain (e.g. what happens if I set amin=amax=INT64_MAX, or any other number
>> not exactly representable in floats)?
llrint does not work. Even casting "rounds", i.e rounds towards zero
(albeit implementation defined). All that llrint does is sets the
rounding behavior.
>
>
> Yeah, I'm pretty sure that's broken right now:
>
> av_rint64_clip_c (9223372036854763520.000000, INT64_MAX, INT64_MAX) returns
> -9223372036854775808.
>
> Given the bug you were trying to solve, that's somewhat funny :).
Have a solution.
>
> Ronald
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