[FFmpeg-devel] [PATCHv4] avutil/common: add av_rint64_clip
Ronald S. Bultje
rsbultje at gmail.com
Fri Nov 13 22:52:37 CET 2015
Hi,
On Fri, Nov 13, 2015 at 4:28 PM, Ganesh Ajjanagadde <gajjanag at mit.edu>
wrote:
> On Fri, Nov 13, 2015 at 1:28 PM, Ronald S. Bultje <rsbultje at gmail.com>
> wrote:
> > Hi,
> >
> > On Fri, Nov 13, 2015 at 12:17 PM, Ganesh Ajjanagadde <gajjanag at mit.edu>
> > wrote:
> >
> >> On Fri, Nov 13, 2015 at 12:10 PM, Ronald S. Bultje <rsbultje at gmail.com>
> >> wrote:
> >> > Hi Ganesh,
> >> > On Nov 13, 2015 12:02 PM, "Ganesh Ajjanagadde" <
> gajjanagadde at gmail.com>
> >> > wrote:
> >> >>
> >> >> The rationale for this function is reflected in the documentation for
> >> >> it, and is copied here:
> >> >>
> >> >> Clip a double value into the long long amin-amax range.
> >> >> This function is needed because conversion of floating point to
> integers
> >> > when
> >> >> it does not fit in the integer's representation does not necessarily
> >> > saturate
> >> >> correctly (usually converted to a cvttsd2si on x86) which saturates
> >> > numbers
> >> >> > INT64_MAX to INT64_MIN. The standard marks such conversions as
> >> undefined
> >> >> behavior, allowing this sort of mathematically bogus conversions.
> This
> >> > provides
> >> >> a safe alternative that is slower obviously but assures safety and
> >> better
> >> >> mathematical behavior.
> >> >> API:
> >> >> @param a value to clip
> >> >> @param amin minimum value of the clip range
> >> >> @param amax maximum value of the clip range
> >> >> @return clipped value
> >> >>
> >> >> Note that a priori if one can guarantee from the calling side that
> the
> >> >> double is in range, it is safe to simply do an explicit/implicit
> cast,
> >> >> and that will be far faster. However, otherwise this function should
> be
> >> >> used.
> >> >>
> >> >> avutil minor version is bumped.
> >> >>
> >> >> Reviewed-by: Ronald S. Bultje <rsbultje at gmail.com>
> >> >> Signed-off-by: Ganesh Ajjanagadde <gajjanagadde at gmail.com>
> >> >> ---
> >> >> libavutil/common.h | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >> >> libavutil/version.h | 2 +-
> >> >> 2 files changed, 31 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >> >>
> >> >> diff --git a/libavutil/common.h b/libavutil/common.h
> >> >> index 6f0f582..f4687ab 100644
> >> >> --- a/libavutil/common.h
> >> >> +++ b/libavutil/common.h
> >> >> @@ -298,6 +298,33 @@ static av_always_inline av_const double
> >> > av_clipd_c(double a, double amin, double
> >> >> else return a;
> >> >> }
> >> >>
> >> >> +/**
> >> >> + * Clip and convert a double value into the long long amin-amax
> range.
> >> >> + * This function is needed because conversion of floating point to
> >> > integers when
> >> >> + * it does not fit in the integer's representation does not
> necessarily
> >> > saturate
> >> >> + * correctly (usually converted to a cvttsd2si on x86) which
> saturates
> >> > numbers
> >> >> + * > INT64_MAX to INT64_MIN. The standard marks such conversions as
> >> > undefined
> >> >> + * behavior, allowing this sort of mathematically bogus conversions.
> >> > This provides
> >> >> + * a safe alternative that is slower obviously but assures safety
> and
> >> > better
> >> >> + * mathematical behavior.
> >> >> + * @param a value to clip
> >> >> + * @param amin minimum value of the clip range
> >> >> + * @param amax maximum value of the clip range
> >> >> + * @return clipped value
> >> >> + */
> >> >> +static av_always_inline av_const int64_t av_rint64_clip_c(double a,
> >> > int64_t amin, int64_t amax)
> >> >> +{
> >> >> +#if defined(HAVE_AV_CONFIG_H) && defined(ASSERT_LEVEL) &&
> ASSERT_LEVEL
> >> >>= 2
> >> >> + if (amin > amax) abort();
> >> >> +#endif
> >> >> + // INT64_MAX+1,INT64_MIN are exactly representable as IEEE
> doubles
> >> >> + if (a >= 9223372036854775808.0 || llrint(a) >= amax)
> >> >> + return amax;
> >> >> + if (a <= -9223372036854775808.0 || llrint(a) <= amin)
> >> >> + return amin;
> >> >
> >> > Doesn't this allow negative overflows in the max check? I think you
> need
> >> > both overflow checks before the min/max checks. Try the next float val
> >> > smaller than int64_min as input with a small amax, eg 0. I bet it
> >> returns 0
> >> > instead of amin.
> >>
> >> They are needed. As you and others can clearly see, I am quite bad
> >> with this stuff.
> >
> >
> > Hm, so, getting back to my computer, I wanted to test this, and I have
> this
> > problem: llrint() works correctly for me for the "undefined" cases, i.e.,
> > it already does what you're trying to fix in av_rint64_clip_c.
> >
> > llrint(-10223372056756029440.000000) returns -9223372036854775808
> > llrint(10223372056756029440.000000) returns 9223372036854775807
> >
> > So, how do I reproduce that llrint() overflows?
>
> The link I gave originally
> http://blog.frama-c.com/index.php?post/2013/10/09/Overflow-float-integer
> gives an illustration. Maybe the weird behavior happens only on
> 9223372036854775808.0. This happens because INT64_MAX+1 is not
> representable in long long, and hence signed overflow occurs yielding
> INT64_MIN (of course undefined). Here is a minimal test program:
> #include <stdio.h>
> #include <math.h>
>
> int main(void) {
> printf("%lld\n", llrint(9223372036854775808.0));
> return 0;
> }
>
9223372036854775807
Seems apple's libc got one thing right :)
Ronald
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