[Libav-user] av_frame_get_best_effort_timestamp(): PTS or DTS?

Lucas Soltic lucas.soltic at orange.fr
Sat Mar 29 00:49:18 CET 2014

Le 28 mars 2014 à 22:04, wm4 <nfxjfg at googlemail.com> a écrit :

> On Fri, 28 Mar 2014 21:19:55 +0100
> Lucas Soltic <lucas.soltic at orange.fr> wrote:
>> Hello!
>> Does av_frame_get_best_effort_timestamp() gives a PTS or DTS?
>> At first I would have thought it's a PTS, because it's impossible for decoding to correctly happen if DTS does not exist in the packet, but then I read that the packet DTS may be AV_NOPTS_VALUE (DTS being a NOPTS..??!). If that is correct, is there a reliable way to know the DTS too (in the core meaning of DTS, even if the file does not set it)?
> Some files have PTS and DTS mixed (mpeg mostly), some files have PTS
> only (e.g. Matroska), some files have DTS only (e.g. AVI). The general
> solution is to use DTS if PTS is set to NOPTS.
> Here's how av_frame_get_best_effort_timestamp() is calculated:
> https://git.videolan.org/?p=ffmpeg.git;a=blob;f=libavcodec/utils.c;h=b43f67540e834d45058f9d694cc6c090d1b4c27d;hb=HEAD#l1995
> Looks complicated, but is rather simple. As I understand, this is
> mostly a workaround if PTS or DTS are set incorrectly. 
> This function takes AVFrame.pkt_pts and AVFrame.pkt_dts as inputs. It
> returns what will be used as AVFrame.best_effort_timestamp. What this
> function does is:
> 1. count how often it happens that PTS or DTS are not monotonic
>   (normally, the DTS _and_ PTS should not decrease after the decoder;
>   this is not true _before_ the decoder, but the decoder should
>   reorder them so that they're monotonic, and some broken files might
>   violate this)
> 2. if PTS is more often wrong than DTS, use the DTS as output timestamp
> Libav does not have the AVFrame.best_effort_timestamp field. Butthe
> Libav command line tools (avplay, avconv) calculates it the same way:
> https://git.libav.org/?p=libav.git;a=blob;f=cmdutils.c;h=69a11bdd4fb33ccdc1420e15edb7c47c8ce84098;hb=HEAD#l1431
> And that's why I would recommend just copying the code. It's trivial
> anyway, at least once you understand it, and your project will be
> compatible to both FFmpeg and Libav.
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Thanks for all your answers :)

So... to sum it up, some formats have DTS or PTS or both. I guess no file has none?
Then if I want to seek, I saw that some demuxers seek by PTS, others by DTS, depending on whether AVFMT_SEEK_TO_PTS is set.

If the format only has DTS, will AVFMT_SEEK_TO_PTS never be set?
If the format only has PTS, will AVFMT_SEEK_TO_PTS always be set?
If AVFMT_SEEK_TO_PTS is set, are the PTS provided by the format reliable?
If AVFMT_SEEK_TO_PTS is not set, are the DTS provided by the format reliable?


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