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aes.c
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1 /*
2  * copyright (c) 2007 Michael Niedermayer <michaelni@gmx.at>
3  *
4  * some optimization ideas from aes128.c by Reimar Doeffinger
5  *
6  * This file is part of FFmpeg.
7  *
8  * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
9  * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
10  * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
11  * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
12  *
13  * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
14  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
15  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
16  * Lesser General Public License for more details.
17  *
18  * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
19  * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
20  * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
21  */
22 
23 #include "common.h"
24 #include "aes.h"
25 #include "aes_internal.h"
26 #include "intreadwrite.h"
27 #include "timer.h"
28 
29 const int av_aes_size= sizeof(AVAES);
30 
31 struct AVAES *av_aes_alloc(void)
32 {
33  return av_mallocz(sizeof(struct AVAES));
34 }
35 
36 static const uint8_t rcon[10] = {
37  0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20, 0x40, 0x80, 0x1b, 0x36
38 };
39 
40 static uint8_t sbox[256];
41 static uint8_t inv_sbox[256];
42 #if CONFIG_SMALL
43 static uint32_t enc_multbl[1][256];
44 static uint32_t dec_multbl[1][256];
45 #else
46 static uint32_t enc_multbl[4][256];
47 static uint32_t dec_multbl[4][256];
48 #endif
49 
50 #if HAVE_BIGENDIAN
51 # define ROT(x, s) (((x) >> (s)) | ((x) << (32-(s))))
52 #else
53 # define ROT(x, s) (((x) << (s)) | ((x) >> (32-(s))))
54 #endif
55 
56 static inline void addkey(av_aes_block *dst, const av_aes_block *src,
57  const av_aes_block *round_key)
58 {
59  dst->u64[0] = src->u64[0] ^ round_key->u64[0];
60  dst->u64[1] = src->u64[1] ^ round_key->u64[1];
61 }
62 
63 static inline void addkey_s(av_aes_block *dst, const uint8_t *src,
64  const av_aes_block *round_key)
65 {
66  dst->u64[0] = AV_RN64(src) ^ round_key->u64[0];
67  dst->u64[1] = AV_RN64(src + 8) ^ round_key->u64[1];
68 }
69 
70 static inline void addkey_d(uint8_t *dst, const av_aes_block *src,
71  const av_aes_block *round_key)
72 {
73  AV_WN64(dst, src->u64[0] ^ round_key->u64[0]);
74  AV_WN64(dst + 8, src->u64[1] ^ round_key->u64[1]);
75 }
76 
77 static void subshift(av_aes_block s0[2], int s, const uint8_t *box)
78 {
79  av_aes_block *s1 = (av_aes_block *) (s0[0].u8 - s);
80  av_aes_block *s3 = (av_aes_block *) (s0[0].u8 + s);
81 
82  s0[0].u8[ 0] = box[s0[1].u8[ 0]];
83  s0[0].u8[ 4] = box[s0[1].u8[ 4]];
84  s0[0].u8[ 8] = box[s0[1].u8[ 8]];
85  s0[0].u8[12] = box[s0[1].u8[12]];
86  s1[0].u8[ 3] = box[s1[1].u8[ 7]];
87  s1[0].u8[ 7] = box[s1[1].u8[11]];
88  s1[0].u8[11] = box[s1[1].u8[15]];
89  s1[0].u8[15] = box[s1[1].u8[ 3]];
90  s0[0].u8[ 2] = box[s0[1].u8[10]];
91  s0[0].u8[10] = box[s0[1].u8[ 2]];
92  s0[0].u8[ 6] = box[s0[1].u8[14]];
93  s0[0].u8[14] = box[s0[1].u8[ 6]];
94  s3[0].u8[ 1] = box[s3[1].u8[13]];
95  s3[0].u8[13] = box[s3[1].u8[ 9]];
96  s3[0].u8[ 9] = box[s3[1].u8[ 5]];
97  s3[0].u8[ 5] = box[s3[1].u8[ 1]];
98 }
99 
100 static inline int mix_core(uint32_t multbl[][256], int a, int b, int c, int d)
101 {
102 #if CONFIG_SMALL
103  return multbl[0][a] ^ ROT(multbl[0][b], 8) ^ ROT(multbl[0][c], 16) ^ ROT(multbl[0][d], 24);
104 #else
105  return multbl[0][a] ^ multbl[1][b] ^ multbl[2][c] ^ multbl[3][d];
106 #endif
107 }
108 
109 static inline void mix(av_aes_block state[2], uint32_t multbl[][256], int s1, int s3)
110 {
111  uint8_t (*src)[4] = state[1].u8x4;
112  state[0].u32[0] = mix_core(multbl, src[0][0], src[s1 ][1], src[2][2], src[s3 ][3]);
113  state[0].u32[1] = mix_core(multbl, src[1][0], src[s3 - 1][1], src[3][2], src[s1 - 1][3]);
114  state[0].u32[2] = mix_core(multbl, src[2][0], src[s3 ][1], src[0][2], src[s1 ][3]);
115  state[0].u32[3] = mix_core(multbl, src[3][0], src[s1 - 1][1], src[1][2], src[s3 - 1][3]);
116 }
117 
118 static inline void aes_crypt(AVAES *a, int s, const uint8_t *sbox,
119  uint32_t multbl[][256])
120 {
121  int r;
122 
123  for (r = a->rounds - 1; r > 0; r--) {
124  mix(a->state, multbl, 3 - s, 1 + s);
125  addkey(&a->state[1], &a->state[0], &a->round_key[r]);
126  }
127 
128  subshift(&a->state[0], s, sbox);
129 }
130 
131 static void aes_encrypt(AVAES *a, uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src,
132  int count, uint8_t *iv, int rounds)
133 {
134  while (count--) {
135  addkey_s(&a->state[1], src, &a->round_key[rounds]);
136  if (iv)
137  addkey_s(&a->state[1], iv, &a->state[1]);
138  aes_crypt(a, 2, sbox, enc_multbl);
139  addkey_d(dst, &a->state[0], &a->round_key[0]);
140  if (iv)
141  memcpy(iv, dst, 16);
142  src += 16;
143  dst += 16;
144  }
145 }
146 
147 static void aes_decrypt(AVAES *a, uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src,
148  int count, uint8_t *iv, int rounds)
149 {
150  while (count--) {
151  addkey_s(&a->state[1], src, &a->round_key[rounds]);
152  aes_crypt(a, 0, inv_sbox, dec_multbl);
153  if (iv) {
154  addkey_s(&a->state[0], iv, &a->state[0]);
155  memcpy(iv, src, 16);
156  }
157  addkey_d(dst, &a->state[0], &a->round_key[0]);
158  src += 16;
159  dst += 16;
160  }
161 }
162 
163 void av_aes_crypt(AVAES *a, uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src,
164  int count, uint8_t *iv, int decrypt)
165 {
166  a->crypt(a, dst, src, count, iv, a->rounds);
167 }
168 
169 static void init_multbl2(uint32_t tbl[][256], const int c[4],
170  const uint8_t *log8, const uint8_t *alog8,
171  const uint8_t *sbox)
172 {
173  int i;
174 
175  for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
176  int x = sbox[i];
177  if (x) {
178  int k, l, m, n;
179  x = log8[x];
180  k = alog8[x + log8[c[0]]];
181  l = alog8[x + log8[c[1]]];
182  m = alog8[x + log8[c[2]]];
183  n = alog8[x + log8[c[3]]];
184  tbl[0][i] = AV_NE(MKBETAG(k, l, m, n), MKTAG(k, l, m, n));
185 #if !CONFIG_SMALL
186  tbl[1][i] = ROT(tbl[0][i], 8);
187  tbl[2][i] = ROT(tbl[0][i], 16);
188  tbl[3][i] = ROT(tbl[0][i], 24);
189 #endif
190  }
191  }
192 }
193 
194 // this is based on the reference AES code by Paulo Barreto and Vincent Rijmen
195 int av_aes_init(AVAES *a, const uint8_t *key, int key_bits, int decrypt)
196 {
197  int i, j, t, rconpointer = 0;
198  uint8_t tk[8][4];
199  int KC = key_bits >> 5;
200  int rounds = KC + 6;
201  uint8_t log8[256];
202  uint8_t alog8[512];
203 
204  a->crypt = decrypt ? aes_decrypt : aes_encrypt;
205 
207  j = 1;
208  for (i = 0; i < 255; i++) {
209  alog8[i] = alog8[i + 255] = j;
210  log8[j] = i;
211  j ^= j + j;
212  if (j > 255)
213  j ^= 0x11B;
214  }
215  for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
216  j = i ? alog8[255 - log8[i]] : 0;
217  j ^= (j << 1) ^ (j << 2) ^ (j << 3) ^ (j << 4);
218  j = (j ^ (j >> 8) ^ 99) & 255;
219  inv_sbox[j] = i;
220  sbox[i] = j;
221  }
222  init_multbl2(dec_multbl, (const int[4]) { 0xe, 0x9, 0xd, 0xb },
223  log8, alog8, inv_sbox);
224  init_multbl2(enc_multbl, (const int[4]) { 0x2, 0x1, 0x1, 0x3 },
225  log8, alog8, sbox);
226  }
227 
228  if (key_bits != 128 && key_bits != 192 && key_bits != 256)
229  return AVERROR(EINVAL);
230 
231  a->rounds = rounds;
232 
233  memcpy(tk, key, KC * 4);
234  memcpy(a->round_key[0].u8, key, KC * 4);
235 
236  for (t = KC * 4; t < (rounds + 1) * 16; t += KC * 4) {
237  for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
238  tk[0][i] ^= sbox[tk[KC - 1][(i + 1) & 3]];
239  tk[0][0] ^= rcon[rconpointer++];
240 
241  for (j = 1; j < KC; j++) {
242  if (KC != 8 || j != KC >> 1)
243  for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
244  tk[j][i] ^= tk[j - 1][i];
245  else
246  for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
247  tk[j][i] ^= sbox[tk[j - 1][i]];
248  }
249 
250  memcpy(a->round_key[0].u8 + t, tk, KC * 4);
251  }
252 
253  if (decrypt) {
254  for (i = 1; i < rounds; i++) {
255  av_aes_block tmp[3];
256  tmp[2] = a->round_key[i];
257  subshift(&tmp[1], 0, sbox);
258  mix(tmp, dec_multbl, 1, 3);
259  a->round_key[i] = tmp[0];
260  }
261  } else {
262  for (i = 0; i < (rounds + 1) >> 1; i++)
263  FFSWAP(av_aes_block, a->round_key[i], a->round_key[rounds - i]);
264  }
265 
266  return 0;
267 }
268 
269 #ifdef TEST
270 // LCOV_EXCL_START
271 #include <string.h>
272 
273 #include "lfg.h"
274 #include "log.h"
275 
276 int main(int argc, char **argv)
277 {
278  int i, j;
279  AVAES b;
280  uint8_t rkey[2][16] = {
281  { 0 },
282  { 0x10, 0xa5, 0x88, 0x69, 0xd7, 0x4b, 0xe5, 0xa3,
283  0x74, 0xcf, 0x86, 0x7c, 0xfb, 0x47, 0x38, 0x59 }
284  };
285  uint8_t pt[32], rpt[2][16] = {
286  { 0x6a, 0x84, 0x86, 0x7c, 0xd7, 0x7e, 0x12, 0xad,
287  0x07, 0xea, 0x1b, 0xe8, 0x95, 0xc5, 0x3f, 0xa3 },
288  { 0 }
289  };
290  uint8_t rct[2][16] = {
291  { 0x73, 0x22, 0x81, 0xc0, 0xa0, 0xaa, 0xb8, 0xf7,
292  0xa5, 0x4a, 0x0c, 0x67, 0xa0, 0xc4, 0x5e, 0xcf },
293  { 0x6d, 0x25, 0x1e, 0x69, 0x44, 0xb0, 0x51, 0xe0,
294  0x4e, 0xaa, 0x6f, 0xb4, 0xdb, 0xf7, 0x84, 0x65 }
295  };
296  uint8_t temp[32];
297  uint8_t iv[2][16];
298  int err = 0;
299 
301 
302  for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
303  av_aes_init(&b, rkey[i], 128, 1);
304  av_aes_crypt(&b, temp, rct[i], 1, NULL, 1);
305  for (j = 0; j < 16; j++) {
306  if (rpt[i][j] != temp[j]) {
307  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "%d %02X %02X\n",
308  j, rpt[i][j], temp[j]);
309  err = 1;
310  }
311  }
312  }
313 
314  if (argc > 1 && !strcmp(argv[1], "-t")) {
315  AVAES ae, ad;
316  AVLFG prng;
317 
318  av_aes_init(&ae, (const uint8_t*)"PI=3.141592654..", 128, 0);
319  av_aes_init(&ad, (const uint8_t*)"PI=3.141592654..", 128, 1);
320  av_lfg_init(&prng, 1);
321 
322  for (i = 0; i < 10000; i++) {
323  for (j = 0; j < 32; j++)
324  pt[j] = av_lfg_get(&prng);
325  for (j = 0; j < 16; j++)
326  iv[0][j] = iv[1][j] = av_lfg_get(&prng);
327  {
328  START_TIMER;
329  av_aes_crypt(&ae, temp, pt, 2, iv[0], 0);
330  if (!(i & (i - 1)))
331  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "%02X %02X %02X %02X\n",
332  temp[0], temp[5], temp[10], temp[15]);
333  av_aes_crypt(&ad, temp, temp, 2, iv[1], 1);
334  av_aes_crypt(&ae, temp, pt, 2, NULL, 0);
335  if (!(i & (i - 1)))
336  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "%02X %02X %02X %02X\n",
337  temp[0], temp[5], temp[10], temp[15]);
338  av_aes_crypt(&ad, temp, temp, 2, NULL, 1);
339  STOP_TIMER("aes");
340  }
341  for (j = 0; j < 16; j++) {
342  if (pt[j] != temp[j]) {
343  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "%d %d %02X %02X\n",
344  i, j, pt[j], temp[j]);
345  }
346  }
347  }
348  }
349  return err;
350 }
351 // LCOV_EXCL_STOP
352 #endif
Definition: lfg.h:25
#define NULL
Definition: coverity.c:32
const char * s
Definition: avisynth_c.h:631
static uint8_t inv_sbox[256]
Definition: aes.c:41
else temp
Definition: vf_mcdeint.c:259
static void aes_crypt(AVAES *a, int s, const uint8_t *sbox, uint32_t multbl[][256])
Definition: aes.c:118
void av_log_set_level(int level)
Set the log level.
Definition: log.c:391
#define ROT(x, s)
Definition: aes.c:53
av_aes_block round_key[15]
Definition: aes_internal.h:37
const char * b
Definition: vf_curves.c:109
void av_aes_crypt(AVAES *a, uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src, int count, uint8_t *iv, int decrypt)
Encrypt or decrypt a buffer using a previously initialized context.
Definition: aes.c:163
const int av_aes_size
Definition: aes.c:29
static void addkey(av_aes_block *dst, const av_aes_block *src, const av_aes_block *round_key)
Definition: aes.c:56
static void mix(av_aes_block state[2], uint32_t multbl[][256], int s1, int s3)
Definition: aes.c:109
static uint32_t enc_multbl[4][256]
Definition: aes.c:46
uint32_t u32[4]
Definition: aes_internal.h:29
uint8_t
static uint8_t sbox[256]
Definition: aes.c:40
#define AV_NE(be, le)
Definition: common.h:50
int pt
Definition: rtp.c:35
high precision timer, useful to profile code
#define av_log(a,...)
unsigned m
Definition: audioconvert.c:187
uint64_t u64[2]
Definition: aes_internal.h:28
#define AV_LOG_ERROR
Something went wrong and cannot losslessly be recovered.
Definition: log.h:176
static void subshift(av_aes_block s0[2], int s, const uint8_t *box)
Definition: aes.c:77
static void aes_decrypt(AVAES *a, uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src, int count, uint8_t *iv, int rounds)
Definition: aes.c:147
#define AVERROR(e)
Definition: error.h:43
static const uint8_t rcon[10]
Definition: aes.c:36
const char * r
Definition: vf_curves.c:107
#define AV_LOG_DEBUG
Stuff which is only useful for libav* developers.
Definition: log.h:197
#define s0
Definition: regdef.h:37
struct AVAES * av_aes_alloc(void)
Allocate an AVAES context.
Definition: aes.c:31
GLsizei count
Definition: opengl_enc.c:109
static void addkey_d(uint8_t *dst, const av_aes_block *src, const av_aes_block *round_key)
Definition: aes.c:70
static int mix_core(uint32_t multbl[][256], int a, int b, int c, int d)
Definition: aes.c:100
static void aes_encrypt(AVAES *a, uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src, int count, uint8_t *iv, int rounds)
Definition: aes.c:131
int n
Definition: avisynth_c.h:547
#define src
Definition: vp9dsp.c:530
#define s3
Definition: regdef.h:40
#define FF_ARRAY_ELEMS(a)
static void addkey_s(av_aes_block *dst, const uint8_t *src, const av_aes_block *round_key)
Definition: aes.c:63
uint8_t u8[16]
Definition: aes_internal.h:31
int av_aes_init(AVAES *a, const uint8_t *key, int key_bits, int decrypt)
Initialize an AVAES context.
Definition: aes.c:195
static void init_multbl2(uint32_t tbl[][256], const int c[4], const uint8_t *log8, const uint8_t *alog8, const uint8_t *sbox)
Definition: aes.c:169
#define START_TIMER
Definition: timer.h:94
av_aes_block state[2]
Definition: aes_internal.h:38
static struct @211 state
static unsigned int av_lfg_get(AVLFG *c)
Get the next random unsigned 32-bit number using an ALFG.
Definition: lfg.h:38
int rounds
Definition: aes_internal.h:39
av_cold void av_lfg_init(AVLFG *c, unsigned int seed)
Definition: lfg.c:30
#define s1
Definition: regdef.h:38
static uint32_t dec_multbl[4][256]
Definition: aes.c:47
uint8_t u8x4[4][4]
Definition: aes_internal.h:30
common internal and external API header
void(* crypt)(struct AVAES *a, uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src, int count, uint8_t *iv, int rounds)
Definition: aes_internal.h:40
static double c[64]
#define MKBETAG(a, b, c, d)
Definition: common.h:343
#define STOP_TIMER(id)
Definition: timer.h:95
#define AV_RN64(p)
Definition: intreadwrite.h:368
#define FFSWAP(type, a, b)
Definition: common.h:99
int main(int argc, char **argv)
Definition: main.c:22
#define MKTAG(a, b, c, d)
Definition: common.h:342
void * av_mallocz(size_t size)
Allocate a block of size bytes with alignment suitable for all memory accesses (including vectors if ...
Definition: mem.c:252
#define AV_WN64(p, v)
Definition: intreadwrite.h:380