FFmpeg
hw_decode.c

This example shows how to do HW-accelerated decoding with output frames from the HW video surfaces.

/*
* Copyright (c) 2017 Jun Zhao
* Copyright (c) 2017 Kaixuan Liu
*
* HW Acceleration API (video decoding) decode sample
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
* THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/
/**
* @file
* HW-Accelerated decoding example.
*
* @example hw_decode.c
* This example shows how to do HW-accelerated decoding with output
* frames from the HW video surfaces.
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <libavutil/opt.h>
static FILE *output_file = NULL;
{
int err = 0;
if ((err = av_hwdevice_ctx_create(&hw_device_ctx, type,
NULL, NULL, 0)) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to create specified HW device.\n");
return err;
}
ctx->hw_device_ctx = av_buffer_ref(hw_device_ctx);
return err;
}
const enum AVPixelFormat *pix_fmts)
{
const enum AVPixelFormat *p;
for (p = pix_fmts; *p != -1; p++) {
if (*p == hw_pix_fmt)
return *p;
}
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to get HW surface format.\n");
}
static int decode_write(AVCodecContext *avctx, AVPacket *packet)
{
AVFrame *frame = NULL, *sw_frame = NULL;
AVFrame *tmp_frame = NULL;
int size;
int ret = 0;
ret = avcodec_send_packet(avctx, packet);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error during decoding\n");
return ret;
}
while (1) {
if (!(frame = av_frame_alloc()) || !(sw_frame = av_frame_alloc())) {
fprintf(stderr, "Can not alloc frame\n");
ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
goto fail;
}
ret = avcodec_receive_frame(avctx, frame);
if (ret == AVERROR(EAGAIN) || ret == AVERROR_EOF) {
av_frame_free(&frame);
av_frame_free(&sw_frame);
return 0;
} else if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error while decoding\n");
goto fail;
}
if (frame->format == hw_pix_fmt) {
/* retrieve data from GPU to CPU */
if ((ret = av_hwframe_transfer_data(sw_frame, frame, 0)) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error transferring the data to system memory\n");
goto fail;
}
tmp_frame = sw_frame;
} else
tmp_frame = frame;
size = av_image_get_buffer_size(tmp_frame->format, tmp_frame->width,
tmp_frame->height, 1);
buffer = av_malloc(size);
if (!buffer) {
fprintf(stderr, "Can not alloc buffer\n");
ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
goto fail;
}
ret = av_image_copy_to_buffer(buffer, size,
(const uint8_t * const *)tmp_frame->data,
(const int *)tmp_frame->linesize, tmp_frame->format,
tmp_frame->width, tmp_frame->height, 1);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Can not copy image to buffer\n");
goto fail;
}
if ((ret = fwrite(buffer, 1, size, output_file)) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to dump raw data.\n");
goto fail;
}
av_frame_free(&frame);
av_frame_free(&sw_frame);
av_freep(&buffer);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
}
}
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
AVFormatContext *input_ctx = NULL;
AVPacket packet;
int i;
if (argc < 4) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s <device type> <input file> <output file>\n", argv[0]);
return -1;
}
if (type == AV_HWDEVICE_TYPE_NONE) {
fprintf(stderr, "Device type %s is not supported.\n", argv[1]);
fprintf(stderr, "Available device types:");
fprintf(stderr, " %s", av_hwdevice_get_type_name(type));
fprintf(stderr, "\n");
return -1;
}
/* open the input file */
if (avformat_open_input(&input_ctx, argv[2], NULL, NULL) != 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Cannot open input file '%s'\n", argv[2]);
return -1;
}
if (avformat_find_stream_info(input_ctx, NULL) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Cannot find input stream information.\n");
return -1;
}
/* find the video stream information */
ret = av_find_best_stream(input_ctx, AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO, -1, -1, &decoder, 0);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Cannot find a video stream in the input file\n");
return -1;
}
video_stream = ret;
for (i = 0;; i++) {
const AVCodecHWConfig *config = avcodec_get_hw_config(decoder, i);
if (!config) {
fprintf(stderr, "Decoder %s does not support device type %s.\n",
decoder->name, av_hwdevice_get_type_name(type));
return -1;
}
config->device_type == type) {
hw_pix_fmt = config->pix_fmt;
break;
}
}
if (!(decoder_ctx = avcodec_alloc_context3(decoder)))
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
video = input_ctx->streams[video_stream];
if (avcodec_parameters_to_context(decoder_ctx, video->codecpar) < 0)
return -1;
decoder_ctx->get_format = get_hw_format;
if (hw_decoder_init(decoder_ctx, type) < 0)
return -1;
if ((ret = avcodec_open2(decoder_ctx, decoder, NULL)) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open codec for stream #%u\n", video_stream);
return -1;
}
/* open the file to dump raw data */
output_file = fopen(argv[3], "w+");
/* actual decoding and dump the raw data */
while (ret >= 0) {
if ((ret = av_read_frame(input_ctx, &packet)) < 0)
break;
if (video_stream == packet.stream_index)
ret = decode_write(decoder_ctx, &packet);
av_packet_unref(&packet);
}
/* flush the decoder */
packet.data = NULL;
packet.size = 0;
ret = decode_write(decoder_ctx, &packet);
av_packet_unref(&packet);
fclose(output_file);
avcodec_free_context(&decoder_ctx);
avformat_close_input(&input_ctx);
av_buffer_unref(&hw_device_ctx);
return 0;
}