FFmpeg
encode_video.c
/*
* Copyright (c) 2001 Fabrice Bellard
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
* THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/
/**
* @file
* video encoding with libavcodec API example
*
* @example encode_video.c
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <libavutil/opt.h>
static void encode(AVCodecContext *enc_ctx, AVFrame *frame, AVPacket *pkt,
FILE *outfile)
{
int ret;
/* send the frame to the encoder */
if (frame)
printf("Send frame %3"PRId64"\n", frame->pts);
ret = avcodec_send_frame(enc_ctx, frame);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error sending a frame for encoding\n");
exit(1);
}
while (ret >= 0) {
ret = avcodec_receive_packet(enc_ctx, pkt);
if (ret == AVERROR(EAGAIN) || ret == AVERROR_EOF)
return;
else if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error during encoding\n");
exit(1);
}
printf("Write packet %3"PRId64" (size=%5d)\n", pkt->pts, pkt->size);
fwrite(pkt->data, 1, pkt->size, outfile);
}
}
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
const char *filename, *codec_name;
const AVCodec *codec;
int i, ret, x, y;
FILE *f;
uint8_t endcode[] = { 0, 0, 1, 0xb7 };
if (argc <= 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s <output file> <codec name>\n", argv[0]);
exit(0);
}
filename = argv[1];
codec_name = argv[2];
/* find the mpeg1video encoder */
codec = avcodec_find_encoder_by_name(codec_name);
if (!codec) {
fprintf(stderr, "Codec '%s' not found\n", codec_name);
exit(1);
}
if (!c) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not allocate video codec context\n");
exit(1);
}
pkt = av_packet_alloc();
if (!pkt)
exit(1);
/* put sample parameters */
c->bit_rate = 400000;
/* resolution must be a multiple of two */
c->width = 352;
c->height = 288;
/* frames per second */
c->time_base = (AVRational){1, 25};
c->framerate = (AVRational){25, 1};
/* emit one intra frame every ten frames
* check frame pict_type before passing frame
* to encoder, if frame->pict_type is AV_PICTURE_TYPE_I
* then gop_size is ignored and the output of encoder
* will always be I frame irrespective to gop_size
*/
c->gop_size = 10;
c->max_b_frames = 1;
if (codec->id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264)
av_opt_set(c->priv_data, "preset", "slow", 0);
/* open it */
ret = avcodec_open2(c, codec, NULL);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not open codec: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
exit(1);
}
f = fopen(filename, "wb");
if (!f) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not open %s\n", filename);
exit(1);
}
frame = av_frame_alloc();
if (!frame) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not allocate video frame\n");
exit(1);
}
frame->format = c->pix_fmt;
frame->width = c->width;
frame->height = c->height;
ret = av_frame_get_buffer(frame, 32);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not allocate the video frame data\n");
exit(1);
}
/* encode 1 second of video */
for (i = 0; i < 25; i++) {
fflush(stdout);
/* make sure the frame data is writable */
ret = av_frame_make_writable(frame);
if (ret < 0)
exit(1);
/* prepare a dummy image */
/* Y */
for (y = 0; y < c->height; y++) {
for (x = 0; x < c->width; x++) {
frame->data[0][y * frame->linesize[0] + x] = x + y + i * 3;
}
}
/* Cb and Cr */
for (y = 0; y < c->height/2; y++) {
for (x = 0; x < c->width/2; x++) {
frame->data[1][y * frame->linesize[1] + x] = 128 + y + i * 2;
frame->data[2][y * frame->linesize[2] + x] = 64 + x + i * 5;
}
}
frame->pts = i;
/* encode the image */
encode(c, frame, pkt, f);
}
/* flush the encoder */
encode(c, NULL, pkt, f);
/* add sequence end code to have a real MPEG file */
fwrite(endcode, 1, sizeof(endcode), f);
fclose(f);
av_frame_free(&frame);
return 0;
}