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brenderpix.c
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1 /*
2  * BRender PIX (.pix) image decoder
3  * Copyright (c) 2012 Aleksi Nurmi
4  *
5  * This file is part of FFmpeg.
6  *
7  * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
8  * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
9  * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
10  * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
11  *
12  * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
13  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
14  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
15  * Lesser General Public License for more details.
16  *
17  * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
18  * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
19  * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
20  */
21 
22 /* Tested against samples from I-War / Independence War and Defiance. */
23 
24 #include "libavutil/imgutils.h"
25 
26 #include "avcodec.h"
27 #include "bytestream.h"
28 #include "internal.h"
29 
30 #define HEADER1_CHUNK 0x03
31 #define HEADER2_CHUNK 0x3D
32 #define IMAGE_DATA_CHUNK 0x21
33 
34 /* In 8-bit colour mode, 256 colours are available at any time. Which 256
35  * colours are available is determined by the contents of the hardware palette
36  * (or CLUT). In this case, the palette supplied with BRender (std.pal) has
37  * been loaded into the CLUT.
38  *
39  * The 256 colours in std.pal are divided into seven ranges, or `colour ramps'.
40  * The first 64 colours represent shades of grey ranging from very dark grey
41  * (black) to very light grey (white). The following colours are 32-element
42  * ramps for six colours as shown below.
43  */
44 static const uint32_t std_pal_table[256] = {
45  // gray
46  0xFF000000, 0xFF030303, 0xFF060606, 0xFF090909, 0xFF0C0C0C, 0xFF0F0F0F,
47  0xFF121212, 0xFF151515, 0xFF181818, 0xFF1B1B1B, 0xFF1E1E1E, 0xFF212121,
48  0xFF242424, 0xFF272727, 0xFF2A2A2A, 0xFF2D2D2D, 0xFF313131, 0xFF343434,
49  0xFF373737, 0xFF3A3A3A, 0xFF3D3D3D, 0xFF404040, 0xFF434343, 0xFF464646,
50  0xFF494949, 0xFF4C4C4C, 0xFF4F4F4F, 0xFF525252, 0xFF555555, 0xFF585858,
51  0xFF5B5B5B, 0xFF5E5E5E, 0xFF626262, 0xFF656565, 0xFF686868, 0xFF6B6B6B,
52  0xFF6E6E6E, 0xFF717171, 0xFF747474, 0xFF777777, 0xFF7A7A7A, 0xFF7D7D7D,
53  0xFF808080, 0xFF838383, 0xFF868686, 0xFF898989, 0xFF8C8C8C, 0xFF8F8F8F,
54  0xFF939393, 0xFF999999, 0xFFA0A0A0, 0xFFA7A7A7, 0xFFAEAEAE, 0xFFB4B4B4,
55  0xFFBBBBBB, 0xFFC2C2C2, 0xFFC9C9C9, 0xFFCFCFCF, 0xFFD6D6D6, 0xFFDDDDDD,
56  0xFFE4E4E4, 0xFFEAEAEA, 0xFFF1F1F1, 0xFFF8F8F8,
57 
58  // blue
59  0xFF000000, 0xFF020209, 0xFF050513, 0xFF07071D, 0xFF0A0A27, 0xFF0C0C31,
60  0xFF0F0F3B, 0xFF111145, 0xFF14144F, 0xFF161659, 0xFF181863, 0xFF1B1B6D,
61  0xFF1E1E77, 0xFF202080, 0xFF22228A, 0xFF252594, 0xFF28289E, 0xFF2A2AA8,
62  0xFF2D2DB2, 0xFF2F2FBC, 0xFF3131C6, 0xFF3434D0, 0xFF3737DA, 0xFF3939E4,
63  0xFF3C3CEE, 0xFF5454F0, 0xFF6C6CF2, 0xFF8585F4, 0xFF9D9DF6, 0xFFB5B5F8,
64  0xFFCECEFA, 0xFFE6E6FC,
65 
66  // green
67  0xFF000000, 0xFF020902, 0xFF051305, 0xFF071D07, 0xFF0A270A, 0xFF0C310C,
68  0xFF0F3B0F, 0xFF114511, 0xFF144F14, 0xFF165916, 0xFF186318, 0xFF1B6D1B,
69  0xFF1E771E, 0xFF208020, 0xFF228A22, 0xFF259425, 0xFF289E28, 0xFF2AA82A,
70  0xFF2DB22D, 0xFF2FBC2F, 0xFF31C631, 0xFF34D034, 0xFF37DA37, 0xFF39E439,
71  0xFF3CEE3C, 0xFF54F054, 0xFF6CF26C, 0xFF85F485, 0xFF9DF69D, 0xFFB5F8B5,
72  0xFFCEFACE, 0xFFE6FCE6,
73 
74  // cyan
75  0xFF000000, 0xFF020909, 0xFF051313, 0xFF071D1D, 0xFF0A2727, 0xFF0C3131,
76  0xFF0F3B3B, 0xFF114545, 0xFF144F4F, 0xFF165959, 0xFF186363, 0xFF1B6D6D,
77  0xFF1E7777, 0xFF208080, 0xFF228A8A, 0xFF259494, 0xFF289E9E, 0xFF2AA8A8,
78  0xFF2DB2B2, 0xFF2FBCBC, 0xFF31C6C6, 0xFF34D0D0, 0xFF37DADA, 0xFF39E4E4,
79  0xFF3CEEEE, 0xFF54F0F0, 0xFF6CF2F2, 0xFF85F4F4, 0xFF9DF6F6, 0xFFB5F8F8,
80  0xFFCEFAFA, 0xFFE6FCFC,
81 
82  // red
83  0xFF000000, 0xFF090202, 0xFF130505, 0xFF1D0707, 0xFF270A0A, 0xFF310C0C,
84  0xFF3B0F0F, 0xFF451111, 0xFF4F1414, 0xFF591616, 0xFF631818, 0xFF6D1B1B,
85  0xFF771E1E, 0xFF802020, 0xFF8A2222, 0xFF942525, 0xFF9E2828, 0xFFA82A2A,
86  0xFFB22D2D, 0xFFBC2F2F, 0xFFC63131, 0xFFD03434, 0xFFDA3737, 0xFFE43939,
87  0xFFEE3C3C, 0xFFF05454, 0xFFF26C6C, 0xFFF48585, 0xFFF69D9D, 0xFFF8B5B5,
88  0xFFFACECE, 0xFFFCE6E6,
89 
90  // magenta
91  0xFF000000, 0xFF090209, 0xFF130513, 0xFF1D071D, 0xFF270A27, 0xFF310C31,
92  0xFF3B0F3B, 0xFF451145, 0xFF4F144F, 0xFF591659, 0xFF631863, 0xFF6D1B6D,
93  0xFF771E77, 0xFF802080, 0xFF8A228A, 0xFF942594, 0xFF9E289E, 0xFFA82AA8,
94  0xFFB22DB2, 0xFFBC2FBC, 0xFFC631C6, 0xFFD034D0, 0xFFDA37DA, 0xFFE439E4,
95  0xFFEE3CEE, 0xFFF054F0, 0xFFF26CF2, 0xFFF485F4, 0xFFF69DF6, 0xFFF8B5F8,
96  0xFFFACEFA, 0xFFFCE6FC,
97 
98  // yellow
99  0xFF000000, 0xFF090902, 0xFF131305, 0xFF1D1D07, 0xFF27270A, 0xFF31310C,
100  0xFF3B3B0F, 0xFF454511, 0xFF4F4F14, 0xFF595916, 0xFF636318, 0xFF6D6D1B,
101  0xFF77771E, 0xFF808020, 0xFF8A8A22, 0xFF949425, 0xFF9E9E28, 0xFFA8A82A,
102  0xFFB2B22D, 0xFFBCBC2F, 0xFFC6C631, 0xFFD0D034, 0xFFDADA37, 0xFFE4E439,
103  0xFFEEEE3C, 0xFFF0F054, 0xFFF2F26C, 0xFFF4F485, 0xFFF6F69D, 0xFFF8F8B5,
104  0xFFFAFACE, 0xFFFCFCE6,
105 };
106 
107 typedef struct PixHeader {
108  int width;
109  int height;
110  int format;
111 } PixHeader;
112 
114 {
115  unsigned int header_len = bytestream2_get_be32(pgb);
116 
117  out->format = bytestream2_get_byte(pgb);
118  bytestream2_skip(pgb, 2);
119  out->width = bytestream2_get_be16(pgb);
120  out->height = bytestream2_get_be16(pgb);
121 
122  // the header is at least 11 bytes long; we read the first 7
123  if (header_len < 11)
124  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
125 
126  // skip the rest of the header
127  bytestream2_skip(pgb, header_len - 7);
128 
129  return 0;
130 }
131 
132 static int pix_decode_frame(AVCodecContext *avctx, void *data, int *got_frame,
133  AVPacket *avpkt)
134 {
135  AVFrame *frame = data;
136 
137  int ret, i;
138  GetByteContext gb;
139 
140  unsigned int bytes_pp;
141  unsigned int magic[4];
142  unsigned int chunk_type;
143  unsigned int data_len;
144  unsigned int bytes_per_scanline;
145  unsigned int bytes_left;
146  PixHeader hdr;
147 
148  bytestream2_init(&gb, avpkt->data, avpkt->size);
149 
150  magic[0] = bytestream2_get_be32(&gb);
151  magic[1] = bytestream2_get_be32(&gb);
152  magic[2] = bytestream2_get_be32(&gb);
153  magic[3] = bytestream2_get_be32(&gb);
154 
155  if (magic[0] != 0x12 ||
156  magic[1] != 0x08 ||
157  magic[2] != 0x02 ||
158  magic[3] != 0x02) {
159  av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Not a BRender PIX file.\n");
160  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
161  }
162 
163  chunk_type = bytestream2_get_be32(&gb);
164  if (chunk_type != HEADER1_CHUNK && chunk_type != HEADER2_CHUNK) {
165  av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Invalid chunk type %d.\n", chunk_type);
166  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
167  }
168 
169  ret = pix_decode_header(&hdr, &gb);
170  if (ret < 0) {
171  av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Invalid header length.\n");
172  return ret;
173  }
174  switch (hdr.format) {
175  case 3:
176  avctx->pix_fmt = AV_PIX_FMT_PAL8;
177  bytes_pp = 1;
178  break;
179  case 4:
180  avctx->pix_fmt = AV_PIX_FMT_RGB555BE;
181  bytes_pp = 2;
182  break;
183  case 5:
184  avctx->pix_fmt = AV_PIX_FMT_RGB565BE;
185  bytes_pp = 2;
186  break;
187  case 6:
188  avctx->pix_fmt = AV_PIX_FMT_RGB24;
189  bytes_pp = 3;
190  break;
191  case 7:
192  avctx->pix_fmt = AV_PIX_FMT_0RGB;
193  bytes_pp = 4;
194  break;
195  case 8: // ARGB
196  avctx->pix_fmt = AV_PIX_FMT_ARGB;
197  bytes_pp = 4;
198  break;
199  case 18:
200  avctx->pix_fmt = AV_PIX_FMT_YA8;
201  bytes_pp = 2;
202  break;
203  default:
204  avpriv_request_sample(avctx, "Format %d", hdr.format);
205  return AVERROR_PATCHWELCOME;
206  }
207 
208  if ((ret = ff_set_dimensions(avctx, hdr.width, hdr.height)) < 0)
209  return ret;
210 
211  if ((ret = ff_get_buffer(avctx, frame, 0)) < 0)
212  return ret;
213 
214  chunk_type = bytestream2_get_be32(&gb);
215 
216  if (avctx->pix_fmt == AV_PIX_FMT_PAL8 &&
217  (chunk_type == HEADER1_CHUNK ||
218  chunk_type == HEADER2_CHUNK)) {
219  /* read palette data from data[1] */
220  PixHeader palhdr;
221  uint32_t *pal_out = (uint32_t *)frame->data[1];
222 
223  ret = pix_decode_header(&palhdr, &gb);
224  if (ret < 0) {
225  av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Invalid palette header length.\n");
226  return ret;
227  }
228  if (palhdr.format != 7)
229  avpriv_request_sample(avctx, "Palette not in RGB format");
230 
231  chunk_type = bytestream2_get_be32(&gb);
232  data_len = bytestream2_get_be32(&gb);
233  bytestream2_skip(&gb, 8);
234  if (chunk_type != IMAGE_DATA_CHUNK || data_len != 1032 ||
235  bytestream2_get_bytes_left(&gb) < 1032) {
236  av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Invalid palette data.\n");
237  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
238  }
239  // palette data is surrounded by 8 null bytes (both top and bottom)
240  // convert 0RGB to machine endian format (ARGB32)
241  for (i = 0; i < 256; ++i)
242  *pal_out++ = (0xFFU << 24) | bytestream2_get_be32u(&gb);
243  bytestream2_skip(&gb, 8);
244 
245  frame->palette_has_changed = 1;
246 
247  chunk_type = bytestream2_get_be32(&gb);
248  } else if (avctx->pix_fmt == AV_PIX_FMT_PAL8) {
249  /* no palette supplied, use the default one */
250  uint32_t *pal_out = (uint32_t *)frame->data[1];
251 
252  // TODO: add an AVOption to load custom palette files
253  av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_WARNING,
254  "Using default palette, colors might be off.\n");
255  memcpy(pal_out, std_pal_table, sizeof(uint32_t) * 256);
256 
257  frame->palette_has_changed = 1;
258  }
259 
260  data_len = bytestream2_get_be32(&gb);
261  bytestream2_skip(&gb, 8);
262 
263  // read the image data to the buffer
264  bytes_per_scanline = bytes_pp * hdr.width;
265  bytes_left = bytestream2_get_bytes_left(&gb);
266 
267  if (chunk_type != IMAGE_DATA_CHUNK || data_len != bytes_left ||
268  bytes_left / bytes_per_scanline < hdr.height) {
269  av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Invalid image data.\n");
270  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
271  }
272 
273  av_image_copy_plane(frame->data[0], frame->linesize[0],
274  avpkt->data + bytestream2_tell(&gb),
275  bytes_per_scanline,
276  bytes_per_scanline, hdr.height);
277 
278  frame->pict_type = AV_PICTURE_TYPE_I;
279  frame->key_frame = 1;
280  *got_frame = 1;
281 
282  return avpkt->size;
283 }
284 
286  .name = "brender_pix",
287  .long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("BRender PIX image"),
288  .type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO,
290  .decode = pix_decode_frame,
291  .capabilities = AV_CODEC_CAP_DR1,
292 };
#define AVERROR_INVALIDDATA
Invalid data found when processing input.
Definition: error.h:59
This structure describes decoded (raw) audio or video data.
Definition: frame.h:201
ptrdiff_t const GLvoid * data
Definition: opengl_enc.c:101
8 bits gray, 8 bits alpha
Definition: pixfmt.h:139
misc image utilities
#define AV_LOG_WARNING
Something somehow does not look correct.
Definition: log.h:182
packed RGB 8:8:8, 24bpp, RGBRGB...
Definition: pixfmt.h:64
int ff_set_dimensions(AVCodecContext *s, int width, int height)
Check that the provided frame dimensions are valid and set them on the codec context.
Definition: utils.c:196
int size
Definition: avcodec.h:1415
enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmt
Pixel format, see AV_PIX_FMT_xxx.
Definition: avcodec.h:1711
static av_always_inline void bytestream2_init(GetByteContext *g, const uint8_t *buf, int buf_size)
Definition: bytestream.h:133
AVCodec.
Definition: avcodec.h:3365
#define HEADER2_CHUNK
Definition: brenderpix.c:31
void void avpriv_request_sample(void *avc, const char *msg,...) av_printf_format(2
Log a generic warning message about a missing feature.
AVCodec ff_brender_pix_decoder
Definition: brenderpix.c:285
8 bits with AV_PIX_FMT_RGB32 palette
Definition: pixfmt.h:73
static int pix_decode_frame(AVCodecContext *avctx, void *data, int *got_frame, AVPacket *avpkt)
Definition: brenderpix.c:132
packed RGB 5:6:5, 16bpp, (msb) 5R 6G 5B(lsb), big-endian
Definition: pixfmt.h:101
static AVFrame * frame
uint8_t * data
Definition: avcodec.h:1414
#define IMAGE_DATA_CHUNK
Definition: brenderpix.c:32
#define av_log(a,...)
#define AV_LOG_ERROR
Something went wrong and cannot losslessly be recovered.
Definition: log.h:176
static av_always_inline void bytestream2_skip(GetByteContext *g, unsigned int size)
Definition: bytestream.h:164
#define NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL(x)
Return NULL if CONFIG_SMALL is true, otherwise the argument without modification. ...
Definition: internal.h:186
static av_always_inline unsigned int bytestream2_get_bytes_left(GetByteContext *g)
Definition: bytestream.h:154
const char * name
Name of the codec implementation.
Definition: avcodec.h:3372
packed ARGB 8:8:8:8, 32bpp, ARGBARGB...
Definition: pixfmt.h:88
int format
Definition: brenderpix.c:110
enum AVPictureType pict_type
Picture type of the frame.
Definition: frame.h:284
#define AVERROR_PATCHWELCOME
Not yet implemented in FFmpeg, patches welcome.
Definition: error.h:62
static av_always_inline int bytestream2_tell(GetByteContext *g)
Definition: bytestream.h:188
Libavcodec external API header.
int linesize[AV_NUM_DATA_POINTERS]
For video, size in bytes of each picture line.
Definition: frame.h:232
main external API structure.
Definition: avcodec.h:1502
int ff_get_buffer(AVCodecContext *avctx, AVFrame *frame, int flags)
Get a buffer for a frame.
Definition: decode.c:1886
#define HEADER1_CHUNK
Definition: brenderpix.c:30
int palette_has_changed
Tell user application that palette has changed from previous frame.
Definition: frame.h:358
static const uint32_t std_pal_table[256]
Definition: brenderpix.c:44
int height
Definition: brenderpix.c:109
packed RGB 5:5:5, 16bpp, (msb)1X 5R 5G 5B(lsb), big-endian , X=unused/undefined
Definition: pixfmt.h:103
uint8_t * data[AV_NUM_DATA_POINTERS]
pointer to the picture/channel planes.
Definition: frame.h:215
common internal api header.
static int pix_decode_header(PixHeader *out, GetByteContext *pgb)
Definition: brenderpix.c:113
int key_frame
1 -> keyframe, 0-> not
Definition: frame.h:279
FILE * out
Definition: movenc.c:54
void av_image_copy_plane(uint8_t *dst, int dst_linesize, const uint8_t *src, int src_linesize, int bytewidth, int height)
Copy image plane from src to dst.
Definition: imgutils.c:338
packed RGB 8:8:8, 32bpp, XRGBXRGB... X=unused/undefined
Definition: pixfmt.h:233
This structure stores compressed data.
Definition: avcodec.h:1391
#define AV_CODEC_CAP_DR1
Codec uses get_buffer() for allocating buffers and supports custom allocators.
Definition: avcodec.h:956