FFmpeg
filtering_audio.c
/*
* Copyright (c) 2010 Nicolas George
* Copyright (c) 2011 Stefano Sabatini
* Copyright (c) 2012 Clément Bœsch
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
* THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/
/**
* @file
* API example for audio decoding and filtering
* @example filtering_audio.c
*/
#include <unistd.h>
#include <libavutil/opt.h>
static const char *filter_descr = "aresample=8000,aformat=sample_fmts=s16:channel_layouts=mono";
static const char *player = "ffplay -f s16le -ar 8000 -ac 1 -";
static int audio_stream_index = -1;
static int open_input_file(const char *filename)
{
int ret;
AVCodec *dec;
if ((ret = avformat_open_input(&fmt_ctx, filename, NULL, NULL)) < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot open input file\n");
return ret;
}
if ((ret = avformat_find_stream_info(fmt_ctx, NULL)) < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot find stream information\n");
return ret;
}
/* select the audio stream */
ret = av_find_best_stream(fmt_ctx, AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO, -1, -1, &dec, 0);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot find an audio stream in the input file\n");
return ret;
}
/* create decoding context */
dec_ctx = avcodec_alloc_context3(dec);
if (!dec_ctx)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
/* init the audio decoder */
if ((ret = avcodec_open2(dec_ctx, dec, NULL)) < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot open audio decoder\n");
return ret;
}
return 0;
}
static int init_filters(const char *filters_descr)
{
char args[512];
int ret = 0;
const AVFilter *abuffersrc = avfilter_get_by_name("abuffer");
const AVFilter *abuffersink = avfilter_get_by_name("abuffersink");
static const enum AVSampleFormat out_sample_fmts[] = { AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16, -1 };
static const int64_t out_channel_layouts[] = { AV_CH_LAYOUT_MONO, -1 };
static const int out_sample_rates[] = { 8000, -1 };
const AVFilterLink *outlink;
filter_graph = avfilter_graph_alloc();
if (!outputs || !inputs || !filter_graph) {
ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
goto end;
}
/* buffer audio source: the decoded frames from the decoder will be inserted here. */
if (!dec_ctx->channel_layout)
snprintf(args, sizeof(args),
"time_base=%d/%d:sample_rate=%d:sample_fmt=%s:channel_layout=0x%"PRIx64,
time_base.num, time_base.den, dec_ctx->sample_rate,
ret = avfilter_graph_create_filter(&buffersrc_ctx, abuffersrc, "in",
args, NULL, filter_graph);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot create audio buffer source\n");
goto end;
}
/* buffer audio sink: to terminate the filter chain. */
ret = avfilter_graph_create_filter(&buffersink_ctx, abuffersink, "out",
NULL, NULL, filter_graph);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot create audio buffer sink\n");
goto end;
}
ret = av_opt_set_int_list(buffersink_ctx, "sample_fmts", out_sample_fmts, -1,
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot set output sample format\n");
goto end;
}
ret = av_opt_set_int_list(buffersink_ctx, "channel_layouts", out_channel_layouts, -1,
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot set output channel layout\n");
goto end;
}
ret = av_opt_set_int_list(buffersink_ctx, "sample_rates", out_sample_rates, -1,
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot set output sample rate\n");
goto end;
}
/*
* Set the endpoints for the filter graph. The filter_graph will
* be linked to the graph described by filters_descr.
*/
/*
* The buffer source output must be connected to the input pad of
* the first filter described by filters_descr; since the first
* filter input label is not specified, it is set to "in" by
* default.
*/
outputs->name = av_strdup("in");
outputs->pad_idx = 0;
outputs->next = NULL;
/*
* The buffer sink input must be connected to the output pad of
* the last filter described by filters_descr; since the last
* filter output label is not specified, it is set to "out" by
* default.
*/
inputs->name = av_strdup("out");
inputs->pad_idx = 0;
inputs->next = NULL;
if ((ret = avfilter_graph_parse_ptr(filter_graph, filters_descr,
&inputs, &outputs, NULL)) < 0)
goto end;
if ((ret = avfilter_graph_config(filter_graph, NULL)) < 0)
goto end;
/* Print summary of the sink buffer
* Note: args buffer is reused to store channel layout string */
outlink = buffersink_ctx->inputs[0];
av_get_channel_layout_string(args, sizeof(args), -1, outlink->channel_layout);
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_INFO, "Output: srate:%dHz fmt:%s chlayout:%s\n",
(int)outlink->sample_rate,
(char *)av_x_if_null(av_get_sample_fmt_name(outlink->format), "?"),
args);
return ret;
}
static void print_frame(const AVFrame *frame)
{
const uint16_t *p = (uint16_t*)frame->data[0];
const uint16_t *p_end = p + n;
while (p < p_end) {
fputc(*p & 0xff, stdout);
fputc(*p>>8 & 0xff, stdout);
p++;
}
fflush(stdout);
}
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
int ret;
AVPacket packet;
AVFrame *frame = av_frame_alloc();
AVFrame *filt_frame = av_frame_alloc();
if (!frame || !filt_frame) {
perror("Could not allocate frame");
exit(1);
}
if (argc != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s file | %s\n", argv[0], player);
exit(1);
}
if ((ret = open_input_file(argv[1])) < 0)
goto end;
if ((ret = init_filters(filter_descr)) < 0)
goto end;
/* read all packets */
while (1) {
if ((ret = av_read_frame(fmt_ctx, &packet)) < 0)
break;
ret = avcodec_send_packet(dec_ctx, &packet);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error while sending a packet to the decoder\n");
break;
}
while (ret >= 0) {
ret = avcodec_receive_frame(dec_ctx, frame);
if (ret == AVERROR(EAGAIN) || ret == AVERROR_EOF) {
break;
} else if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error while receiving a frame from the decoder\n");
goto end;
}
if (ret >= 0) {
/* push the audio data from decoded frame into the filtergraph */
if (av_buffersrc_add_frame_flags(buffersrc_ctx, frame, AV_BUFFERSRC_FLAG_KEEP_REF) < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error while feeding the audio filtergraph\n");
break;
}
/* pull filtered audio from the filtergraph */
while (1) {
ret = av_buffersink_get_frame(buffersink_ctx, filt_frame);
if (ret == AVERROR(EAGAIN) || ret == AVERROR_EOF)
break;
if (ret < 0)
goto end;
print_frame(filt_frame);
av_frame_unref(filt_frame);
}
}
}
}
av_packet_unref(&packet);
}
avfilter_graph_free(&filter_graph);
av_frame_free(&frame);
av_frame_free(&filt_frame);
if (ret < 0 && ret != AVERROR_EOF) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error occurred: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
exit(1);
}
exit(0);
}