FFmpeg
filtering_video.c
/*
* Copyright (c) 2010 Nicolas George
* Copyright (c) 2011 Stefano Sabatini
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
* THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/
/**
* @file
* API example for decoding and filtering
* @example filtering_video.c
*/
#define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600 /* for usleep */
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <libavutil/opt.h>
const char *filter_descr = "scale=78:24,transpose=cclock";
/* other way:
scale=78:24 [scl]; [scl] transpose=cclock // assumes "[in]" and "[out]" to be input output pads respectively
*/
static int video_stream_index = -1;
static int64_t last_pts = AV_NOPTS_VALUE;
static int open_input_file(const char *filename)
{
int ret;
AVCodec *dec;
if ((ret = avformat_open_input(&fmt_ctx, filename, NULL, NULL)) < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot open input file\n");
return ret;
}
if ((ret = avformat_find_stream_info(fmt_ctx, NULL)) < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot find stream information\n");
return ret;
}
/* select the video stream */
ret = av_find_best_stream(fmt_ctx, AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO, -1, -1, &dec, 0);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot find a video stream in the input file\n");
return ret;
}
/* create decoding context */
dec_ctx = avcodec_alloc_context3(dec);
if (!dec_ctx)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
/* init the video decoder */
if ((ret = avcodec_open2(dec_ctx, dec, NULL)) < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot open video decoder\n");
return ret;
}
return 0;
}
static int init_filters(const char *filters_descr)
{
char args[512];
int ret = 0;
const AVFilter *buffersrc = avfilter_get_by_name("buffer");
const AVFilter *buffersink = avfilter_get_by_name("buffersink");
filter_graph = avfilter_graph_alloc();
if (!outputs || !inputs || !filter_graph) {
ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
goto end;
}
/* buffer video source: the decoded frames from the decoder will be inserted here. */
snprintf(args, sizeof(args),
"video_size=%dx%d:pix_fmt=%d:time_base=%d/%d:pixel_aspect=%d/%d",
dec_ctx->width, dec_ctx->height, dec_ctx->pix_fmt,
time_base.num, time_base.den,
ret = avfilter_graph_create_filter(&buffersrc_ctx, buffersrc, "in",
args, NULL, filter_graph);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot create buffer source\n");
goto end;
}
/* buffer video sink: to terminate the filter chain. */
ret = avfilter_graph_create_filter(&buffersink_ctx, buffersink, "out",
NULL, NULL, filter_graph);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot create buffer sink\n");
goto end;
}
ret = av_opt_set_int_list(buffersink_ctx, "pix_fmts", pix_fmts,
AV_PIX_FMT_NONE, AV_OPT_SEARCH_CHILDREN);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot set output pixel format\n");
goto end;
}
/*
* Set the endpoints for the filter graph. The filter_graph will
* be linked to the graph described by filters_descr.
*/
/*
* The buffer source output must be connected to the input pad of
* the first filter described by filters_descr; since the first
* filter input label is not specified, it is set to "in" by
* default.
*/
outputs->name = av_strdup("in");
outputs->pad_idx = 0;
outputs->next = NULL;
/*
* The buffer sink input must be connected to the output pad of
* the last filter described by filters_descr; since the last
* filter output label is not specified, it is set to "out" by
* default.
*/
inputs->name = av_strdup("out");
inputs->pad_idx = 0;
inputs->next = NULL;
if ((ret = avfilter_graph_parse_ptr(filter_graph, filters_descr,
&inputs, &outputs, NULL)) < 0)
goto end;
if ((ret = avfilter_graph_config(filter_graph, NULL)) < 0)
goto end;
return ret;
}
static void display_frame(const AVFrame *frame, AVRational time_base)
{
int x, y;
uint8_t *p0, *p;
int64_t delay;
if (frame->pts != AV_NOPTS_VALUE) {
/* sleep roughly the right amount of time;
* usleep is in microseconds, just like AV_TIME_BASE. */
delay = av_rescale_q(frame->pts - last_pts,
time_base, AV_TIME_BASE_Q);
if (delay > 0 && delay < 1000000)
usleep(delay);
}
last_pts = frame->pts;
}
/* Trivial ASCII grayscale display. */
p0 = frame->data[0];
puts("\033c");
for (y = 0; y < frame->height; y++) {
p = p0;
for (x = 0; x < frame->width; x++)
putchar(" .-+#"[*(p++) / 52]);
putchar('\n');
p0 += frame->linesize[0];
}
fflush(stdout);
}
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
int ret;
AVPacket packet;
AVFrame *filt_frame;
if (argc != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s file\n", argv[0]);
exit(1);
}
frame = av_frame_alloc();
filt_frame = av_frame_alloc();
if (!frame || !filt_frame) {
perror("Could not allocate frame");
exit(1);
}
if ((ret = open_input_file(argv[1])) < 0)
goto end;
if ((ret = init_filters(filter_descr)) < 0)
goto end;
/* read all packets */
while (1) {
if ((ret = av_read_frame(fmt_ctx, &packet)) < 0)
break;
ret = avcodec_send_packet(dec_ctx, &packet);
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error while sending a packet to the decoder\n");
break;
}
while (ret >= 0) {
ret = avcodec_receive_frame(dec_ctx, frame);
if (ret == AVERROR(EAGAIN) || ret == AVERROR_EOF) {
break;
} else if (ret < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error while receiving a frame from the decoder\n");
goto end;
}
frame->pts = frame->best_effort_timestamp;
/* push the decoded frame into the filtergraph */
if (av_buffersrc_add_frame_flags(buffersrc_ctx, frame, AV_BUFFERSRC_FLAG_KEEP_REF) < 0) {
av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error while feeding the filtergraph\n");
break;
}
/* pull filtered frames from the filtergraph */
while (1) {
ret = av_buffersink_get_frame(buffersink_ctx, filt_frame);
if (ret == AVERROR(EAGAIN) || ret == AVERROR_EOF)
break;
if (ret < 0)
goto end;
display_frame(filt_frame, buffersink_ctx->inputs[0]->time_base);
av_frame_unref(filt_frame);
}
}
}
av_packet_unref(&packet);
}
avfilter_graph_free(&filter_graph);
av_frame_free(&frame);
av_frame_free(&filt_frame);
if (ret < 0 && ret != AVERROR_EOF) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error occurred: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
exit(1);
}
exit(0);
}