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pcm-bluray.c
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1 /*
2  * LPCM codecs for PCM format found in Blu-ray PCM streams
3  * Copyright (c) 2009, 2013 Christian Schmidt
4  *
5  * This file is part of FFmpeg.
6  *
7  * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
8  * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
9  * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
10  * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
11  *
12  * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
13  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
14  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
15  * Lesser General Public License for more details.
16  *
17  * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
18  * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
19  * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
20  */
21 
22 /**
23  * @file
24  * PCM codec for Blu-ray PCM audio tracks
25  */
26 
28 #include "avcodec.h"
29 #include "bytestream.h"
30 #include "internal.h"
31 
32 /*
33  * Channel Mapping according to
34  * Blu-ray Disc Read-Only Format Version 1
35  * Part 3: Audio Visual Basic Specifications
36  * mono M1 X
37  * stereo L R
38  * 3/0 L R C X
39  * 2/1 L R S X
40  * 3/1 L R C S
41  * 2/2 L R LS RS
42  * 3/2 L R C LS RS X
43  * 3/2+lfe L R C LS RS lfe
44  * 3/4 L R C LS Rls Rrs RS X
45  * 3/4+lfe L R C LS Rls Rrs RS lfe
46  */
47 
48 /**
49  * Parse the header of a LPCM frame read from a Blu-ray MPEG-TS stream
50  * @param avctx the codec context
51  * @param header pointer to the first four bytes of the data packet
52  */
54  const uint8_t *header)
55 {
56  static const uint8_t bits_per_samples[4] = { 0, 16, 20, 24 };
57  static const uint32_t channel_layouts[16] = {
61  AV_CH_LAYOUT_7POINT1, 0, 0, 0, 0
62  };
63  static const uint8_t channels[16] = {
64  0, 1, 0, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 0, 0, 0, 0
65  };
66  uint8_t channel_layout = header[2] >> 4;
67 
68  if (avctx->debug & FF_DEBUG_PICT_INFO)
69  ff_dlog(avctx, "pcm_bluray_parse_header: header = %02x%02x%02x%02x\n",
70  header[0], header[1], header[2], header[3]);
71 
72  /* get the sample depth and derive the sample format from it */
73  avctx->bits_per_coded_sample = bits_per_samples[header[3] >> 6];
74  if (!(avctx->bits_per_coded_sample == 16 || avctx->bits_per_coded_sample == 24)) {
75  av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "unsupported sample depth (%d)\n", avctx->bits_per_coded_sample);
76  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
77  }
78  avctx->sample_fmt = avctx->bits_per_coded_sample == 16 ? AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16
80  if (avctx->sample_fmt == AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S32)
82 
83  /* get the sample rate. Not all values are used. */
84  switch (header[2] & 0x0f) {
85  case 1:
86  avctx->sample_rate = 48000;
87  break;
88  case 4:
89  avctx->sample_rate = 96000;
90  break;
91  case 5:
92  avctx->sample_rate = 192000;
93  break;
94  default:
95  avctx->sample_rate = 0;
96  av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "reserved sample rate (%d)\n",
97  header[2] & 0x0f);
98  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
99  }
100 
101  /*
102  * get the channel number (and mapping). Not all values are used.
103  * It must be noted that the number of channels in the MPEG stream can
104  * differ from the actual meaningful number, e.g. mono audio still has two
105  * channels, one being empty.
106  */
107  avctx->channel_layout = channel_layouts[channel_layout];
108  avctx->channels = channels[channel_layout];
109  if (!avctx->channels) {
110  av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "reserved channel configuration (%d)\n",
111  channel_layout);
112  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
113  }
114 
115  avctx->bit_rate = FFALIGN(avctx->channels, 2) * avctx->sample_rate *
116  avctx->bits_per_coded_sample;
117 
118  if (avctx->debug & FF_DEBUG_PICT_INFO)
119  ff_dlog(avctx,
120  "pcm_bluray_parse_header: %d channels, %d bits per sample, %d Hz, %"PRId64" bit/s\n",
121  avctx->channels, avctx->bits_per_coded_sample,
122  avctx->sample_rate, avctx->bit_rate);
123  return 0;
124 }
125 
126 static int pcm_bluray_decode_frame(AVCodecContext *avctx, void *data,
127  int *got_frame_ptr, AVPacket *avpkt)
128 {
129  AVFrame *frame = data;
130  const uint8_t *src = avpkt->data;
131  int buf_size = avpkt->size;
132  GetByteContext gb;
133  int num_source_channels, channel, retval;
134  int sample_size, samples;
135  int16_t *dst16;
136  int32_t *dst32;
137 
138  if (buf_size < 4) {
139  av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "PCM packet too small\n");
140  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
141  }
142 
143  if ((retval = pcm_bluray_parse_header(avctx, src)))
144  return retval;
145  src += 4;
146  buf_size -= 4;
147 
148  bytestream2_init(&gb, src, buf_size);
149 
150  /* There's always an even number of channels in the source */
151  num_source_channels = FFALIGN(avctx->channels, 2);
152  sample_size = (num_source_channels *
153  (avctx->sample_fmt == AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16 ? 16 : 24)) >> 3;
154  samples = buf_size / sample_size;
155 
156  /* get output buffer */
157  frame->nb_samples = samples;
158  if ((retval = ff_get_buffer(avctx, frame, 0)) < 0)
159  return retval;
160  dst16 = (int16_t *)frame->data[0];
161  dst32 = (int32_t *)frame->data[0];
162 
163  if (samples) {
164  switch (avctx->channel_layout) {
165  /* cases with same number of source and coded channels */
166  case AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO:
168  case AV_CH_LAYOUT_2_2:
169  samples *= num_source_channels;
170  if (AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16 == avctx->sample_fmt) {
171 #if HAVE_BIGENDIAN
172  bytestream2_get_buffer(&gb, dst16, buf_size);
173 #else
174  do {
175  *dst16++ = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
176  } while (--samples);
177 #endif
178  } else {
179  do {
180  *dst32++ = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
181  } while (--samples);
182  }
183  break;
184  /* cases where number of source channels = coded channels + 1 */
185  case AV_CH_LAYOUT_MONO:
187  case AV_CH_LAYOUT_2_1:
189  if (AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16 == avctx->sample_fmt) {
190  do {
191 #if HAVE_BIGENDIAN
192  bytestream2_get_buffer(&gb, dst16, avctx->channels * 2);
193  dst16 += avctx->channels;
194 #else
195  channel = avctx->channels;
196  do {
197  *dst16++ = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
198  } while (--channel);
199 #endif
200  bytestream2_skip(&gb, 2);
201  } while (--samples);
202  } else {
203  do {
204  channel = avctx->channels;
205  do {
206  *dst32++ = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
207  } while (--channel);
208  bytestream2_skip(&gb, 3);
209  } while (--samples);
210  }
211  break;
212  /* remapping: L, R, C, LBack, RBack, LF */
214  if (AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16 == avctx->sample_fmt) {
215  do {
216  dst16[0] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
217  dst16[1] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
218  dst16[2] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
219  dst16[4] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
220  dst16[5] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
221  dst16[3] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
222  dst16 += 6;
223  } while (--samples);
224  } else {
225  do {
226  dst32[0] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
227  dst32[1] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
228  dst32[2] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
229  dst32[4] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
230  dst32[5] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
231  dst32[3] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
232  dst32 += 6;
233  } while (--samples);
234  }
235  break;
236  /* remapping: L, R, C, LSide, LBack, RBack, RSide, <unused> */
238  if (AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16 == avctx->sample_fmt) {
239  do {
240  dst16[0] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
241  dst16[1] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
242  dst16[2] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
243  dst16[5] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
244  dst16[3] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
245  dst16[4] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
246  dst16[6] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
247  dst16 += 7;
248  bytestream2_skip(&gb, 2);
249  } while (--samples);
250  } else {
251  do {
252  dst32[0] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
253  dst32[1] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
254  dst32[2] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
255  dst32[5] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
256  dst32[3] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
257  dst32[4] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
258  dst32[6] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
259  dst32 += 7;
260  bytestream2_skip(&gb, 3);
261  } while (--samples);
262  }
263  break;
264  /* remapping: L, R, C, LSide, LBack, RBack, RSide, LF */
266  if (AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16 == avctx->sample_fmt) {
267  do {
268  dst16[0] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
269  dst16[1] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
270  dst16[2] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
271  dst16[6] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
272  dst16[4] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
273  dst16[5] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
274  dst16[7] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
275  dst16[3] = bytestream2_get_be16u(&gb);
276  dst16 += 8;
277  } while (--samples);
278  } else {
279  do {
280  dst32[0] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
281  dst32[1] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
282  dst32[2] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
283  dst32[6] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
284  dst32[4] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
285  dst32[5] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
286  dst32[7] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
287  dst32[3] = bytestream2_get_be24u(&gb) << 8;
288  dst32 += 8;
289  } while (--samples);
290  }
291  break;
292  }
293  }
294 
295  *got_frame_ptr = 1;
296 
297  retval = bytestream2_tell(&gb);
298  if (avctx->debug & FF_DEBUG_BITSTREAM)
299  ff_dlog(avctx, "pcm_bluray_decode_frame: decoded %d -> %d bytes\n",
300  retval, buf_size);
301  return retval + 4;
302 }
303 
305  .name = "pcm_bluray",
306  .long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("PCM signed 16|20|24-bit big-endian for Blu-ray media"),
307  .type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO,
309  .decode = pcm_bluray_decode_frame,
310  .capabilities = AV_CODEC_CAP_DR1,
311  .sample_fmts = (const enum AVSampleFormat[]){
313  },
314 };
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_7POINT1
#define AVERROR_INVALIDDATA
Invalid data found when processing input.
Definition: error.h:59
This structure describes decoded (raw) audio or video data.
Definition: frame.h:201
AVCodec ff_pcm_bluray_decoder
Definition: pcm-bluray.c:304
ptrdiff_t const GLvoid * data
Definition: opengl_enc.c:101
int64_t bit_rate
the average bitrate
Definition: avcodec.h:1538
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_SURROUND
channels
Definition: aptx.c:30
#define FF_DEBUG_BITSTREAM
Definition: avcodec.h:2571
int size
Definition: avcodec.h:1401
static int pcm_bluray_parse_header(AVCodecContext *avctx, const uint8_t *header)
Parse the header of a LPCM frame read from a Blu-ray MPEG-TS stream.
Definition: pcm-bluray.c:53
static av_always_inline void bytestream2_init(GetByteContext *g, const uint8_t *buf, int buf_size)
Definition: bytestream.h:133
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_4POINT0
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_7POINT0
int bits_per_raw_sample
Bits per sample/pixel of internal libavcodec pixel/sample format.
Definition: avcodec.h:2711
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO
#define src
Definition: vp8dsp.c:254
AVCodec.
Definition: avcodec.h:3351
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT0
enum AVSampleFormat sample_fmt
audio sample format
Definition: avcodec.h:2151
uint8_t
#define FF_DEBUG_PICT_INFO
Definition: avcodec.h:2569
static AVFrame * frame
uint8_t * data
Definition: avcodec.h:1400
#define ff_dlog(a,...)
static const uint8_t header[24]
Definition: sdr2.c:67
int bits_per_coded_sample
bits per sample/pixel from the demuxer (needed for huffyuv).
Definition: avcodec.h:2704
signed 32 bits
Definition: samplefmt.h:62
#define FFALIGN(x, a)
Definition: macros.h:48
#define av_log(a,...)
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_5POINT1
#define AV_LOG_ERROR
Something went wrong and cannot losslessly be recovered.
Definition: log.h:176
static av_always_inline void bytestream2_skip(GetByteContext *g, unsigned int size)
Definition: bytestream.h:164
#define NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL(x)
Return NULL if CONFIG_SMALL is true, otherwise the argument without modification. ...
Definition: internal.h:186
static av_always_inline unsigned int bytestream2_get_buffer(GetByteContext *g, uint8_t *dst, unsigned int size)
Definition: bytestream.h:263
const char * name
Name of the codec implementation.
Definition: avcodec.h:3358
uint64_t channel_layout
Audio channel layout.
Definition: avcodec.h:2194
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_2_1
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_2_2
audio channel layout utility functions
int32_t
static av_always_inline int bytestream2_tell(GetByteContext *g)
Definition: bytestream.h:188
Libavcodec external API header.
AVSampleFormat
Audio sample formats.
Definition: samplefmt.h:58
int sample_rate
samples per second
Definition: avcodec.h:2143
int debug
debug
Definition: avcodec.h:2568
main external API structure.
Definition: avcodec.h:1488
int ff_get_buffer(AVCodecContext *avctx, AVFrame *frame, int flags)
Get a buffer for a frame.
Definition: decode.c:1886
static const uint16_t channel_layouts[7]
Definition: dca_lbr.c:113
uint8_t * data[AV_NUM_DATA_POINTERS]
pointer to the picture/channel planes.
Definition: frame.h:215
common internal api header.
signed 16 bits
Definition: samplefmt.h:61
channel
Use these values when setting the channel map with ebur128_set_channel().
Definition: ebur128.h:39
static int pcm_bluray_decode_frame(AVCodecContext *avctx, void *data, int *got_frame_ptr, AVPacket *avpkt)
Definition: pcm-bluray.c:126
int channels
number of audio channels
Definition: avcodec.h:2144
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_MONO
This structure stores compressed data.
Definition: avcodec.h:1377
int nb_samples
number of audio samples (per channel) described by this frame
Definition: frame.h:267
#define AV_CODEC_CAP_DR1
Codec uses get_buffer() for allocating buffers and supports custom allocators.
Definition: avcodec.h:956