FFmpeg
sierravmd.c
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1 /*
2  * Sierra VMD Format Demuxer
3  * Copyright (c) 2004 The FFmpeg project
4  *
5  * This file is part of FFmpeg.
6  *
7  * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
8  * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
9  * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
10  * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
11  *
12  * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
13  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
14  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
15  * Lesser General Public License for more details.
16  *
17  * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
18  * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
19  * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
20  */
21 
22 /**
23  * @file
24  * Sierra VMD file demuxer
25  * by Vladimir "VAG" Gneushev (vagsoft at mail.ru)
26  * for more information on the Sierra VMD file format, visit:
27  * http://www.pcisys.net/~melanson/codecs/
28  */
29 
31 #include "libavutil/intreadwrite.h"
32 #include "avformat.h"
33 #include "internal.h"
34 #include "avio_internal.h"
35 
36 #define VMD_HEADER_SIZE 0x0330
37 #define BYTES_PER_FRAME_RECORD 16
38 
39 typedef struct vmd_frame {
41  unsigned int frame_size;
42  int64_t frame_offset;
43  int64_t pts;
45 } vmd_frame;
46 
47 typedef struct VmdDemuxContext {
50 
51  unsigned int frame_count;
52  unsigned int frames_per_block;
54  unsigned int current_frame;
55  int is_indeo3;
56 
59  int skiphdr;
60 
61  unsigned char vmd_header[VMD_HEADER_SIZE];
63 
64 static int vmd_probe(const AVProbeData *p)
65 {
66  int w, h, sample_rate;
67  if (p->buf_size < 806)
68  return 0;
69  /* check if the first 2 bytes of the file contain the appropriate size
70  * of a VMD header chunk */
71  if (AV_RL16(&p->buf[0]) != VMD_HEADER_SIZE - 2)
72  return 0;
73  w = AV_RL16(&p->buf[12]);
74  h = AV_RL16(&p->buf[14]);
75  sample_rate = AV_RL16(&p->buf[804]);
76  if ((!w || w > 2048 || !h || h > 2048) &&
77  sample_rate != 22050)
78  return 0;
79 
80  /* only return half certainty since this check is a bit sketchy */
82 }
83 
85 {
86  VmdDemuxContext *vmd = s->priv_data;
87  AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
88  AVStream *st = NULL, *vst = NULL;
89  unsigned int toc_offset;
90  unsigned char *raw_frame_table;
91  int raw_frame_table_size;
92  int64_t current_offset;
93  int i, j, ret;
94  int width, height;
95  unsigned int total_frames;
96  int64_t current_audio_pts = 0;
97  unsigned char chunk[BYTES_PER_FRAME_RECORD];
98  int num, den;
99  int sound_buffers;
100 
101  /* fetch the main header, including the 2 header length bytes */
102  avio_seek(pb, 0, SEEK_SET);
104  return AVERROR(EIO);
105 
106  width = AV_RL16(&vmd->vmd_header[12]);
107  height = AV_RL16(&vmd->vmd_header[14]);
108  if (width && height) {
109  if(vmd->vmd_header[24] == 'i' && vmd->vmd_header[25] == 'v' && vmd->vmd_header[26] == '3') {
110  vmd->is_indeo3 = 1;
111  } else {
112  vmd->is_indeo3 = 0;
113  }
114  /* start up the decoders */
115  vst = avformat_new_stream(s, NULL);
116  if (!vst)
117  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
118  avpriv_set_pts_info(vst, 33, 1, 10);
119  vmd->video_stream_index = vst->index;
120  vst->codecpar->codec_type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO;
121  vst->codecpar->codec_id = vmd->is_indeo3 ? AV_CODEC_ID_INDEO3 : AV_CODEC_ID_VMDVIDEO;
122  vst->codecpar->codec_tag = 0; /* no fourcc */
123  vst->codecpar->width = width;
124  vst->codecpar->height = height;
125  if(vmd->is_indeo3 && vst->codecpar->width > 320){
126  vst->codecpar->width >>= 1;
127  vst->codecpar->height >>= 1;
128  }
129  if ((ret = ff_alloc_extradata(vst->codecpar, VMD_HEADER_SIZE)) < 0)
130  return ret;
131  memcpy(vst->codecpar->extradata, vmd->vmd_header, VMD_HEADER_SIZE);
132  }
133 
134  /* if sample rate is 0, assume no audio */
135  vmd->sample_rate = AV_RL16(&vmd->vmd_header[804]);
136  if (vmd->sample_rate) {
137  st = avformat_new_stream(s, NULL);
138  if (!st)
139  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
140  vmd->audio_stream_index = st->index;
143  st->codecpar->codec_tag = 0; /* no fourcc */
144  st->codecpar->sample_rate = vmd->sample_rate;
145  st->codecpar->block_align = AV_RL16(&vmd->vmd_header[806]);
146  if (st->codecpar->block_align & 0x8000) {
148  st->codecpar->block_align = -(st->codecpar->block_align - 0x10000);
149  } else {
151  }
152  if (vmd->vmd_header[811] & 0x80) {
153  st->codecpar->channels = 2;
155  } else if (vmd->vmd_header[811] & 0x2) {
156  /* Shivers 2 stereo audio */
157  /* Frame length is for 1 channel */
158  st->codecpar->channels = 2;
160  st->codecpar->block_align = st->codecpar->block_align << 1;
161  } else {
162  st->codecpar->channels = 1;
164  }
165  st->codecpar->bit_rate = st->codecpar->sample_rate *
167 
168  /* calculate pts */
169  num = st->codecpar->block_align;
170  den = st->codecpar->sample_rate * st->codecpar->channels;
171  av_reduce(&num, &den, num, den, (1UL<<31)-1);
172  if (vst)
173  avpriv_set_pts_info(vst, 33, num, den);
174  avpriv_set_pts_info(st, 33, num, den);
175  }
176  if (!s->nb_streams)
177  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
178 
179  toc_offset = AV_RL32(&vmd->vmd_header[812]);
180  vmd->frame_count = AV_RL16(&vmd->vmd_header[6]);
181  vmd->frames_per_block = AV_RL16(&vmd->vmd_header[18]);
182  avio_seek(pb, toc_offset, SEEK_SET);
183 
184  raw_frame_table = NULL;
185  vmd->frame_table = NULL;
186  sound_buffers = AV_RL16(&vmd->vmd_header[808]);
187  raw_frame_table_size = vmd->frame_count * 6;
188  raw_frame_table = av_malloc(raw_frame_table_size);
189  vmd->frame_table = av_malloc_array(vmd->frame_count * vmd->frames_per_block + sound_buffers, sizeof(vmd_frame));
190  if (!raw_frame_table || !vmd->frame_table) {
191  ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
192  goto error;
193  }
194  if (avio_read(pb, raw_frame_table, raw_frame_table_size) !=
195  raw_frame_table_size) {
196  ret = AVERROR(EIO);
197  goto error;
198  }
199 
200  total_frames = 0;
201  for (i = 0; i < vmd->frame_count; i++) {
202 
203  current_offset = AV_RL32(&raw_frame_table[6 * i + 2]);
204 
205  /* handle each entry in index block */
206  for (j = 0; j < vmd->frames_per_block; j++) {
207  int type;
208  uint32_t size;
209 
211  av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Failed to read frame record\n");
212  if (ret >= 0)
214  goto error;
215  }
216  type = chunk[0];
217  size = AV_RL32(&chunk[2]);
218  if (size > INT_MAX / 2) {
219  av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Invalid frame size\n");
221  goto error;
222  }
223  if(!size && type != 1)
224  continue;
225  switch(type) {
226  case 1: /* Audio Chunk */
227  if (!st) break;
228  /* first audio chunk contains several audio buffers */
229  vmd->frame_table[total_frames].frame_offset = current_offset;
230  vmd->frame_table[total_frames].stream_index = vmd->audio_stream_index;
231  vmd->frame_table[total_frames].frame_size = size;
232  memcpy(vmd->frame_table[total_frames].frame_record, chunk, BYTES_PER_FRAME_RECORD);
233  vmd->frame_table[total_frames].pts = current_audio_pts;
234  total_frames++;
235  if(!current_audio_pts)
236  current_audio_pts += sound_buffers - 1;
237  else
238  current_audio_pts++;
239  break;
240  case 2: /* Video Chunk */
241  if (!vst)
242  break;
243  vmd->frame_table[total_frames].frame_offset = current_offset;
244  vmd->frame_table[total_frames].stream_index = vmd->video_stream_index;
245  vmd->frame_table[total_frames].frame_size = size;
246  memcpy(vmd->frame_table[total_frames].frame_record, chunk, BYTES_PER_FRAME_RECORD);
247  vmd->frame_table[total_frames].pts = i;
248  total_frames++;
249  break;
250  }
251  current_offset += size;
252  }
253  }
254 
255 
256  vmd->current_frame = 0;
257  vmd->frame_count = total_frames;
258 
259  ret = 0;
260 error:
261  av_freep(&raw_frame_table);
262  return ret;
263 }
264 
266  AVPacket *pkt)
267 {
268  VmdDemuxContext *vmd = s->priv_data;
269  AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
270  int ret = 0;
271  vmd_frame *frame;
272 
273  if (vmd->current_frame >= vmd->frame_count)
274  return AVERROR_EOF;
275 
276  frame = &vmd->frame_table[vmd->current_frame];
277  /* position the stream (will probably be there already) */
278  avio_seek(pb, frame->frame_offset, SEEK_SET);
279 
280  if(ffio_limit(pb, frame->frame_size) != frame->frame_size)
281  return AVERROR(EIO);
283  if (ret < 0)
284  return ret;
285  pkt->pos= avio_tell(pb);
286  memcpy(pkt->data, frame->frame_record, BYTES_PER_FRAME_RECORD);
287  if(vmd->is_indeo3 && frame->frame_record[0] == 0x02)
288  ret = avio_read(pb, pkt->data, frame->frame_size);
289  else
291  frame->frame_size);
292 
293  if (ret != frame->frame_size) {
294  ret = AVERROR(EIO);
295  }
296  pkt->stream_index = frame->stream_index;
297  pkt->pts = frame->pts;
298  av_log(s, AV_LOG_DEBUG, " dispatching %s frame with %d bytes and pts %"PRId64"\n",
299  (frame->frame_record[0] == 0x02) ? "video" : "audio",
300  frame->frame_size + BYTES_PER_FRAME_RECORD,
301  pkt->pts);
302 
303  vmd->current_frame++;
304 
305  return ret;
306 }
307 
309 {
310  VmdDemuxContext *vmd = s->priv_data;
311 
312  av_freep(&vmd->frame_table);
313 
314  return 0;
315 }
316 
318  .name = "vmd",
319  .long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("Sierra VMD"),
320  .priv_data_size = sizeof(VmdDemuxContext),
321  .flags_internal = FF_FMT_INIT_CLEANUP,
326 };
error
static void error(const char *err)
Definition: target_bsf_fuzzer.c:31
FF_FMT_INIT_CLEANUP
#define FF_FMT_INIT_CLEANUP
For an AVInputFormat with this flag set read_close() needs to be called by the caller upon read_heade...
Definition: internal.h:48
AVERROR
Filter the word “frame” indicates either a video frame or a group of audio as stored in an AVFrame structure Format for each input and each output the list of supported formats For video that means pixel format For audio that means channel sample they are references to shared objects When the negotiation mechanism computes the intersection of the formats supported at each end of a all references to both lists are replaced with a reference to the intersection And when a single format is eventually chosen for a link amongst the remaining all references to the list are updated That means that if a filter requires that its input and output have the same format amongst a supported all it has to do is use a reference to the same list of formats query_formats can leave some formats unset and return AVERROR(EAGAIN) to cause the negotiation mechanism toagain later. That can be used by filters with complex requirements to use the format negotiated on one link to set the formats supported on another. Frame references ownership and permissions
avformat_new_stream
AVStream * avformat_new_stream(AVFormatContext *s, const AVCodec *c)
Add a new stream to a media file.
Definition: utils.c:4347
AVCodecParameters::codec_type
enum AVMediaType codec_type
General type of the encoded data.
Definition: codec_par.h:56
VMD_HEADER_SIZE
#define VMD_HEADER_SIZE
Definition: sierravmd.c:36
vmd_frame
Definition: sierravmd.c:39
AVERROR_EOF
#define AVERROR_EOF
End of file.
Definition: error.h:57
AV_CH_LAYOUT_MONO
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_MONO
Definition: channel_layout.h:90
vmd_read_close
static int vmd_read_close(AVFormatContext *s)
Definition: sierravmd.c:308
w
uint8_t w
Definition: llviddspenc.c:38
AV_CODEC_ID_INDEO3
@ AV_CODEC_ID_INDEO3
Definition: codec_id.h:78
AVPacket::data
uint8_t * data
Definition: packet.h:373
VmdDemuxContext::frame_count
unsigned int frame_count
Definition: sierravmd.c:51
ff_vmd_demuxer
const AVInputFormat ff_vmd_demuxer
Definition: sierravmd.c:317
VmdDemuxContext::frames_per_block
unsigned int frames_per_block
Definition: sierravmd.c:52
AVCodecParameters::codec_tag
uint32_t codec_tag
Additional information about the codec (corresponds to the AVI FOURCC).
Definition: codec_par.h:64
AVProbeData::buf_size
int buf_size
Size of buf except extra allocated bytes.
Definition: avformat.h:449
sample_rate
sample_rate
Definition: ffmpeg_filter.c:156
av_malloc
#define av_malloc(s)
Definition: tableprint_vlc.h:31
AVCodecParameters::channels
int channels
Audio only.
Definition: codec_par.h:166
vmd_frame::stream_index
int stream_index
Definition: sierravmd.c:40
read_close
static av_cold int read_close(AVFormatContext *ctx)
Definition: libcdio.c:141
avio_tell
static av_always_inline int64_t avio_tell(AVIOContext *s)
ftell() equivalent for AVIOContext.
Definition: avio.h:486
type
it s the only field you need to keep assuming you have a context There is some magic you don t need to care about around this just let it vf type
Definition: writing_filters.txt:86
av_reduce
int av_reduce(int *dst_num, int *dst_den, int64_t num, int64_t den, int64_t max)
Reduce a fraction.
Definition: rational.c:35
AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO
#define AV_CH_LAYOUT_STEREO
Definition: channel_layout.h:91
pkt
AVPacket * pkt
Definition: movenc.c:59
AV_LOG_ERROR
#define AV_LOG_ERROR
Something went wrong and cannot losslessly be recovered.
Definition: log.h:180
AVInputFormat
Definition: avformat.h:626
VmdDemuxContext::is_indeo3
int is_indeo3
Definition: sierravmd.c:55
VmdDemuxContext::current_frame
unsigned int current_frame
Definition: sierravmd.c:54
width
#define width
intreadwrite.h
s
#define s(width, name)
Definition: cbs_vp9.c:257
av_new_packet
int av_new_packet(AVPacket *pkt, int size)
Allocate the payload of a packet and initialize its fields with default values.
Definition: avpacket.c:99
AVInputFormat::name
const char * name
A comma separated list of short names for the format.
Definition: avformat.h:631
AVProbeData::buf
unsigned char * buf
Buffer must have AVPROBE_PADDING_SIZE of extra allocated bytes filled with zero.
Definition: avformat.h:448
AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO
@ AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO
Definition: avutil.h:202
AV_CODEC_ID_VMDAUDIO
@ AV_CODEC_ID_VMDAUDIO
Definition: codec_id.h:433
AV_LOG_DEBUG
#define AV_LOG_DEBUG
Stuff which is only useful for libav* developers.
Definition: log.h:201
AV_RL16
uint64_t_TMPL AV_WL64 unsigned int_TMPL AV_WL32 unsigned int_TMPL AV_WL24 unsigned int_TMPL AV_RL16
Definition: bytestream.h:94
VmdDemuxContext::frame_table
vmd_frame * frame_table
Definition: sierravmd.c:53
vmd_probe
static int vmd_probe(const AVProbeData *p)
Definition: sierravmd.c:64
VmdDemuxContext::vmd_header
unsigned char vmd_header[VMD_HEADER_SIZE]
Definition: sierravmd.c:61
AVFormatContext
Format I/O context.
Definition: avformat.h:1107
internal.h
AVStream::codecpar
AVCodecParameters * codecpar
Codec parameters associated with this stream.
Definition: avformat.h:994
read_header
static int read_header(FFV1Context *f)
Definition: ffv1dec.c:527
NULL
#define NULL
Definition: coverity.c:32
read_probe
static int read_probe(const AVProbeData *pd)
Definition: jvdec.c:55
VmdDemuxContext::skiphdr
int skiphdr
Definition: sierravmd.c:59
VmdDemuxContext::video_stream_index
int video_stream_index
Definition: sierravmd.c:48
AVProbeData
This structure contains the data a format has to probe a file.
Definition: avformat.h:446
AV_CODEC_ID_VMDVIDEO
@ AV_CODEC_ID_VMDVIDEO
Definition: codec_id.h:102
VmdDemuxContext::sample_rate
int sample_rate
Definition: sierravmd.c:57
AVPROBE_SCORE_EXTENSION
#define AVPROBE_SCORE_EXTENSION
score for file extension
Definition: avformat.h:456
AVCodecParameters::sample_rate
int sample_rate
Audio only.
Definition: codec_par.h:170
AVIOContext
Bytestream IO Context.
Definition: avio.h:161
NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL
#define NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL(x)
Return NULL if CONFIG_SMALL is true, otherwise the argument without modification.
Definition: internal.h:117
avpriv_set_pts_info
void avpriv_set_pts_info(AVStream *s, int pts_wrap_bits, unsigned int pts_num, unsigned int pts_den)
Set the time base and wrapping info for a given stream.
Definition: utils.c:4771
vmd_read_header
static int vmd_read_header(AVFormatContext *s)
Definition: sierravmd.c:84
size
int size
Definition: twinvq_data.h:10344
height
#define height
ffio_limit
int ffio_limit(AVIOContext *s, int size)
Definition: aviobuf.c:1025
vmd_frame::pts
int64_t pts
Definition: sierravmd.c:43
i
int i
Definition: input.c:406
AVPacket::pts
int64_t pts
Presentation timestamp in AVStream->time_base units; the time at which the decompressed packet will b...
Definition: packet.h:366
avio_internal.h
AVCodecParameters::block_align
int block_align
Audio only.
Definition: codec_par.h:177
av_malloc_array
#define av_malloc_array(a, b)
Definition: tableprint_vlc.h:32
vmd_read_packet
static int vmd_read_packet(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
Definition: sierravmd.c:265
ret
ret
Definition: filter_design.txt:187
read_packet
static int read_packet(void *opaque, uint8_t *buf, int buf_size)
Definition: avio_reading.c:42
AVStream
Stream structure.
Definition: avformat.h:847
avio_seek
int64_t avio_seek(AVIOContext *s, int64_t offset, int whence)
fseek() equivalent for AVIOContext.
Definition: aviobuf.c:246
frame
these buffered frames must be flushed immediately if a new input produces new the filter must not call request_frame to get more It must just process the frame or queue it The task of requesting more frames is left to the filter s request_frame method or the application If a filter has several the filter must be ready for frames arriving randomly on any input any filter with several inputs will most likely require some kind of queuing mechanism It is perfectly acceptable to have a limited queue and to drop frames when the inputs are too unbalanced request_frame For filters that do not use the this method is called when a frame is wanted on an output For a it should directly call filter_frame on the corresponding output For a if there are queued frames already one of these frames should be pushed If the filter should request a frame on one of its repeatedly until at least one frame has been pushed Return or at least make progress towards producing a frame
Definition: filter_design.txt:264
avformat.h
AV_RL32
uint64_t_TMPL AV_WL64 unsigned int_TMPL AV_RL32
Definition: bytestream.h:92
VmdDemuxContext
Definition: sierravmd.c:47
AVStream::index
int index
stream index in AVFormatContext
Definition: avformat.h:848
channel_layout.h
avio_read
int avio_read(AVIOContext *s, unsigned char *buf, int size)
Read size bytes from AVIOContext into buf.
Definition: aviobuf.c:625
BYTES_PER_FRAME_RECORD
#define BYTES_PER_FRAME_RECORD
Definition: sierravmd.c:37
VmdDemuxContext::audio_stream_index
int audio_stream_index
Definition: sierravmd.c:49
AVPacket::stream_index
int stream_index
Definition: packet.h:375
AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO
@ AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO
Definition: avutil.h:201
vmd_frame::frame_size
unsigned int frame_size
Definition: sierravmd.c:41
AVCodecParameters::bits_per_coded_sample
int bits_per_coded_sample
The number of bits per sample in the codedwords.
Definition: codec_par.h:102
VmdDemuxContext::audio_sample_counter
int64_t audio_sample_counter
Definition: sierravmd.c:58
AVCodecParameters::codec_id
enum AVCodecID codec_id
Specific type of the encoded data (the codec used).
Definition: codec_par.h:60
AVPacket
This structure stores compressed data.
Definition: packet.h:350
av_freep
#define av_freep(p)
Definition: tableprint_vlc.h:35
AVPacket::pos
int64_t pos
byte position in stream, -1 if unknown
Definition: packet.h:393
AVCodecParameters::channel_layout
uint64_t channel_layout
Audio only.
Definition: codec_par.h:162
AVCodecParameters::bit_rate
int64_t bit_rate
The average bitrate of the encoded data (in bits per second).
Definition: codec_par.h:89
av_log
#define av_log(a,...)
Definition: tableprint_vlc.h:28
AVERROR_INVALIDDATA
#define AVERROR_INVALIDDATA
Invalid data found when processing input.
Definition: error.h:61
h
h
Definition: vp9dsp_template.c:2038
vmd_frame::frame_offset
int64_t frame_offset
Definition: sierravmd.c:42
vmd_frame::frame_record
unsigned char frame_record[BYTES_PER_FRAME_RECORD]
Definition: sierravmd.c:44
ff_alloc_extradata
int ff_alloc_extradata(AVCodecParameters *par, int size)
Allocate extradata with additional AV_INPUT_BUFFER_PADDING_SIZE at end which is always set to 0.
Definition: utils.c:3243