FFmpeg
vaapi_transcode.c

This example shows how to do VAAPI-accelerated transcoding.Usage: vaapi_transcode input_stream codec output_stream e.g: - vaapi_transcode input.mp4 h264_vaapi output_h264.mp4

/*
* Video Acceleration API (video transcoding) transcode sample
*
* Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
* of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
* in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
* to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
* copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
* furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
*
* The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
* all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
* IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
* THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
* LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
* OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
* THE SOFTWARE.
*/
/**
* @file
* Intel VAAPI-accelerated transcoding example.
*
* @example vaapi_transcode.c
* This example shows how to do VAAPI-accelerated transcoding.
* Usage: vaapi_transcode input_stream codec output_stream
* e.g: - vaapi_transcode input.mp4 h264_vaapi output_h264.mp4
* - vaapi_transcode input.mp4 vp9_vaapi output_vp9.ivf
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
static int video_stream = -1;
static AVStream *ost;
static int initialized = 0;
const enum AVPixelFormat *pix_fmts)
{
const enum AVPixelFormat *p;
for (p = pix_fmts; *p != AV_PIX_FMT_NONE; p++) {
if (*p == AV_PIX_FMT_VAAPI)
return *p;
}
fprintf(stderr, "Unable to decode this file using VA-API.\n");
}
static int open_input_file(const char *filename)
{
int ret;
const AVCodec *decoder = NULL;
if ((ret = avformat_open_input(&ifmt_ctx, filename, NULL, NULL)) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Cannot open input file '%s', Error code: %s\n",
filename, av_err2str(ret));
return ret;
}
fprintf(stderr, "Cannot find input stream information. Error code: %s\n",
return ret;
}
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Cannot find a video stream in the input file. "
"Error code: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
return ret;
}
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
fprintf(stderr, "avcodec_parameters_to_context error. Error code: %s\n",
return ret;
}
fprintf(stderr, "A hardware device reference create failed.\n");
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
}
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open codec for decoding. Error code: %s\n",
return ret;
}
static int encode_write(AVPacket *enc_pkt, AVFrame *frame)
{
int ret = 0;
av_packet_unref(enc_pkt);
fprintf(stderr, "Error during encoding. Error code: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
goto end;
}
while (1) {
if (ret)
break;
enc_pkt->stream_index = 0;
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error during writing data to output file. "
"Error code: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
return -1;
}
}
end:
if (ret == AVERROR_EOF)
return 0;
ret = ((ret == AVERROR(EAGAIN)) ? 0:-1);
return ret;
}
static int dec_enc(AVPacket *pkt, const AVCodec *enc_codec)
{
int ret = 0;
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error during decoding. Error code: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
return ret;
}
while (ret >= 0) {
if (!(frame = av_frame_alloc()))
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
if (ret == AVERROR(EAGAIN) || ret == AVERROR_EOF) {
return 0;
} else if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error while decoding. Error code: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
goto fail;
}
if (!initialized) {
/* we need to ref hw_frames_ctx of decoder to initialize encoder's codec.
Only after we get a decoded frame, can we obtain its hw_frames_ctx */
ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
goto fail;
}
/* set AVCodecContext Parameters for encoder, here we keep them stay
* the same as decoder.
* xxx: now the sample can't handle resolution change case.
*/
if ((ret = avcodec_open2(encoder_ctx, enc_codec, NULL)) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open encode codec. Error code: %s\n",
goto fail;
}
if (!(ost = avformat_new_stream(ofmt_ctx, enc_codec))) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to allocate stream for output format.\n");
ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
goto fail;
}
ost->time_base = encoder_ctx->time_base;
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to copy the stream parameters. "
"Error code: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
goto fail;
}
/* write the stream header */
fprintf(stderr, "Error while writing stream header. "
"Error code: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
goto fail;
}
}
if ((ret = encode_write(pkt, frame)) < 0)
fprintf(stderr, "Error during encoding and writing.\n");
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
}
return 0;
}
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
const AVCodec *enc_codec;
int ret = 0;
AVPacket *dec_pkt;
if (argc != 4) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s <input file> <encode codec> <output file>\n"
"The output format is guessed according to the file extension.\n"
"\n", argv[0]);
return -1;
}
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to create a VAAPI device. Error code: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
return -1;
}
dec_pkt = av_packet_alloc();
if (!dec_pkt) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to allocate decode packet\n");
goto end;
}
if ((ret = open_input_file(argv[1])) < 0)
goto end;
if (!(enc_codec = avcodec_find_encoder_by_name(argv[2]))) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not find encoder '%s'\n", argv[2]);
ret = -1;
goto end;
}
if ((ret = (avformat_alloc_output_context2(&ofmt_ctx, NULL, NULL, argv[3]))) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to deduce output format from file extension. Error code: "
"%s\n", av_err2str(ret));
goto end;
}
if (!(encoder_ctx = avcodec_alloc_context3(enc_codec))) {
ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
goto end;
}
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Cannot open output file. "
"Error code: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
goto end;
}
/* read all packets and only transcoding video */
while (ret >= 0) {
if ((ret = av_read_frame(ifmt_ctx, dec_pkt)) < 0)
break;
if (video_stream == dec_pkt->stream_index)
ret = dec_enc(dec_pkt, enc_codec);
av_packet_unref(dec_pkt);
}
/* flush decoder */
av_packet_unref(dec_pkt);
ret = dec_enc(dec_pkt, enc_codec);
/* flush encoder */
ret = encode_write(dec_pkt, NULL);
/* write the trailer for output stream */
end:
av_packet_free(&dec_pkt);
return ret;
}
av_packet_unref
void av_packet_unref(AVPacket *pkt)
Wipe the packet.
Definition: avpacket.c:417
AVCodec
AVCodec.
Definition: codec.h:202
AVPixelFormat
AVPixelFormat
Pixel format.
Definition: pixfmt.h:64
avcodec_receive_packet
int avcodec_receive_packet(AVCodecContext *avctx, AVPacket *avpkt)
Read encoded data from the encoder.
Definition: encode.c:389
AVERROR
Filter the word “frame” indicates either a video frame or a group of audio as stored in an AVFrame structure Format for each input and each output the list of supported formats For video that means pixel format For audio that means channel sample they are references to shared objects When the negotiation mechanism computes the intersection of the formats supported at each end of a all references to both lists are replaced with a reference to the intersection And when a single format is eventually chosen for a link amongst the remaining all references to the list are updated That means that if a filter requires that its input and output have the same format amongst a supported all it has to do is use a reference to the same list of formats query_formats can leave some formats unset and return AVERROR(EAGAIN) to cause the negotiation mechanism toagain later. That can be used by filters with complex requirements to use the format negotiated on one link to set the formats supported on another. Frame references ownership and permissions
avformat_new_stream
AVStream * avformat_new_stream(AVFormatContext *s, const AVCodec *c)
Add a new stream to a media file.
Definition: utils.c:760
AVCodecContext::get_format
enum AVPixelFormat(* get_format)(struct AVCodecContext *s, const enum AVPixelFormat *fmt)
Callback to negotiate the pixel format.
Definition: avcodec.h:647
ofmt_ctx
static AVFormatContext * ofmt_ctx
Definition: vaapi_transcode.c:41
AVERROR_EOF
#define AVERROR_EOF
End of file.
Definition: error.h:57
avcodec_parameters_from_context
int avcodec_parameters_from_context(AVCodecParameters *par, const AVCodecContext *codec)
Fill the parameters struct based on the values from the supplied codec context.
Definition: codec_par.c:90
av_frame_free
void av_frame_free(AVFrame **frame)
Free the frame and any dynamically allocated objects in it, e.g.
Definition: frame.c:112
AVFrame
This structure describes decoded (raw) audio or video data.
Definition: frame.h:310
AVFormatContext::streams
AVStream ** streams
A list of all streams in the file.
Definition: avformat.h:1261
encode_write
static int encode_write(AVPacket *enc_pkt, AVFrame *frame)
Definition: vaapi_transcode.c:112
av_buffer_ref
AVBufferRef * av_buffer_ref(const AVBufferRef *buf)
Create a new reference to an AVBuffer.
Definition: buffer.c:103
av_read_frame
int av_read_frame(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
Return the next frame of a stream.
Definition: demux.c:1414
av_packet_free
void av_packet_free(AVPacket **pkt)
Free the packet, if the packet is reference counted, it will be unreferenced first.
Definition: avpacket.c:75
ifmt_ctx
static AVFormatContext * ifmt_ctx
Definition: vaapi_transcode.c:41
av_find_best_stream
int av_find_best_stream(AVFormatContext *ic, enum AVMediaType type, int wanted_stream_nb, int related_stream, const AVCodec **decoder_ret, int flags)
Find the "best" stream in the file.
Definition: utils.c:501
AVCodecContext::framerate
AVRational framerate
Definition: avcodec.h:1710
avformat_close_input
void avformat_close_input(AVFormatContext **s)
Close an opened input AVFormatContext.
Definition: demux.c:355
decoder
static const chunk_decoder decoder[8]
Definition: dfa.c:330
get_vaapi_format
static enum AVPixelFormat get_vaapi_format(AVCodecContext *ctx, const enum AVPixelFormat *pix_fmts)
Definition: vaapi_transcode.c:48
fail
#define fail()
Definition: checkasm.h:127
av_frame_alloc
AVFrame * av_frame_alloc(void)
Allocate an AVFrame and set its fields to default values.
Definition: frame.c:99
pkt
AVPacket * pkt
Definition: movenc.c:59
avformat_open_input
int avformat_open_input(AVFormatContext **ps, const char *url, const AVInputFormat *fmt, AVDictionary **options)
Open an input stream and read the header.
Definition: demux.c:207
initialized
static int initialized
Definition: vaapi_transcode.c:46
avcodec_alloc_context3
AVCodecContext * avcodec_alloc_context3(const AVCodec *codec)
Allocate an AVCodecContext and set its fields to default values.
Definition: options.c:141
avcodec_receive_frame
int avcodec_receive_frame(AVCodecContext *avctx, AVFrame *frame)
Return decoded output data from a decoder.
Definition: decode.c:642
pix_fmts
static enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmts[]
Definition: libkvazaar.c:290
AVIO_FLAG_WRITE
#define AVIO_FLAG_WRITE
write-only
Definition: avio.h:622
decoder_ctx
static AVCodecContext * decoder_ctx
Definition: vaapi_transcode.c:43
ctx
AVFormatContext * ctx
Definition: movenc.c:48
open_input_file
static int open_input_file(const char *filename)
Definition: vaapi_transcode.c:62
avformat_write_header
av_warn_unused_result int avformat_write_header(AVFormatContext *s, AVDictionary **options)
Allocate the stream private data and write the stream header to an output media file.
Definition: mux.c:472
AVFormatContext
Format I/O context.
Definition: avformat.h:1193
AVStream::time_base
AVRational time_base
This is the fundamental unit of time (in seconds) in terms of which frame timestamps are represented.
Definition: avformat.h:958
NULL
#define NULL
Definition: coverity.c:32
av_buffer_unref
void av_buffer_unref(AVBufferRef **buf)
Free a given reference and automatically free the buffer if there are no more references to it.
Definition: buffer.c:139
avcodec_free_context
void avcodec_free_context(AVCodecContext **avctx)
Free the codec context and everything associated with it and write NULL to the provided pointer.
Definition: options.c:156
AVFormatContext::pb
AVIOContext * pb
I/O context.
Definition: avformat.h:1235
avcodec_open2
int attribute_align_arg avcodec_open2(AVCodecContext *avctx, const AVCodec *codec, AVDictionary **options)
Initialize the AVCodecContext to use the given AVCodec.
Definition: avcodec.c:137
dec_enc
static int dec_enc(AVPacket *pkt, const AVCodec *enc_codec)
Definition: vaapi_transcode.c:145
AVCodecContext::time_base
AVRational time_base
This is the fundamental unit of time (in seconds) in terms of which frame timestamps are represented.
Definition: avcodec.h:506
main
int main(int argc, char **argv)
Definition: vaapi_transcode.c:227
avformat_find_stream_info
int avformat_find_stream_info(AVFormatContext *ic, AVDictionary **options)
Read packets of a media file to get stream information.
Definition: demux.c:2396
av_err2str
#define av_err2str(errnum)
Convenience macro, the return value should be used only directly in function arguments but never stan...
Definition: error.h:121
encoder_ctx
static AVCodecContext * encoder_ctx
Definition: vaapi_transcode.c:43
av_packet_alloc
AVPacket * av_packet_alloc(void)
Allocate an AVPacket and set its fields to default values.
Definition: avpacket.c:64
av_packet_rescale_ts
void av_packet_rescale_ts(AVPacket *pkt, AVRational src_tb, AVRational dst_tb)
Convert valid timing fields (timestamps / durations) in a packet from one timebase to another.
Definition: avpacket.c:521
AV_PIX_FMT_VAAPI
@ AV_PIX_FMT_VAAPI
Hardware acceleration through VA-API, data[3] contains a VASurfaceID.
Definition: pixfmt.h:119
hw_device_ctx
static AVBufferRef * hw_device_ctx
Definition: vaapi_transcode.c:42
AV_HWDEVICE_TYPE_VAAPI
@ AV_HWDEVICE_TYPE_VAAPI
Definition: hwcontext.h:31
avcodec_send_packet
int avcodec_send_packet(AVCodecContext *avctx, const AVPacket *avpkt)
Supply raw packet data as input to a decoder.
Definition: decode.c:579
av_write_trailer
int av_write_trailer(AVFormatContext *s)
Write the stream trailer to an output media file and free the file private data.
Definition: mux.c:1249
avcodec_parameters_to_context
int avcodec_parameters_to_context(AVCodecContext *codec, const AVCodecParameters *par)
Fill the codec context based on the values from the supplied codec parameters.
Definition: codec_par.c:147
av_inv_q
static av_always_inline AVRational av_inv_q(AVRational q)
Invert a rational.
Definition: rational.h:159
AVCodecContext::hw_device_ctx
AVBufferRef * hw_device_ctx
A reference to the AVHWDeviceContext describing the device which will be used by a hardware encoder/d...
Definition: avcodec.h:1908
AVCodecContext::height
int height
Definition: avcodec.h:556
avcodec_send_frame
int avcodec_send_frame(AVCodecContext *avctx, const AVFrame *frame)
Supply a raw video or audio frame to the encoder.
Definition: encode.c:358
AVCodecContext::pix_fmt
enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmt
Pixel format, see AV_PIX_FMT_xxx.
Definition: avcodec.h:593
AVCodecContext::hw_frames_ctx
AVBufferRef * hw_frames_ctx
A reference to the AVHWFramesContext describing the input (for encoding) or output (decoding) frames.
Definition: avcodec.h:1858
avcodec.h
ret
ret
Definition: filter_design.txt:187
AVStream
Stream structure.
Definition: avformat.h:928
frame
these buffered frames must be flushed immediately if a new input produces new the filter must not call request_frame to get more It must just process the frame or queue it The task of requesting more frames is left to the filter s request_frame method or the application If a filter has several the filter must be ready for frames arriving randomly on any input any filter with several inputs will most likely require some kind of queuing mechanism It is perfectly acceptable to have a limited queue and to drop frames when the inputs are too unbalanced request_frame For filters that do not use the this method is called when a frame is wanted on an output For a it should directly call filter_frame on the corresponding output For a if there are queued frames already one of these frames should be pushed If the filter should request a frame on one of its repeatedly until at least one frame has been pushed Return or at least make progress towards producing a frame
Definition: filter_design.txt:264
av_hwdevice_ctx_create
int av_hwdevice_ctx_create(AVBufferRef **pdevice_ref, enum AVHWDeviceType type, const char *device, AVDictionary *opts, int flags)
Open a device of the specified type and create an AVHWDeviceContext for it.
Definition: hwcontext.c:610
avformat.h
ost
OutputStream * ost
Definition: ffmpeg_filter.c:163
AVCodecContext
main external API structure.
Definition: avcodec.h:383
AV_PIX_FMT_NONE
@ AV_PIX_FMT_NONE
Definition: pixfmt.h:65
video
A Quick Description Of Rate Distortion Theory We want to encode a video
Definition: rate_distortion.txt:3
avio_open
int avio_open(AVIOContext **s, const char *url, int flags)
Create and initialize a AVIOContext for accessing the resource indicated by url.
Definition: aviobuf.c:1198
AVPacket::stream_index
int stream_index
Definition: packet.h:375
AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO
@ AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO
Definition: avutil.h:201
AVBufferRef
A reference to a data buffer.
Definition: buffer.h:82
video_stream
static int video_stream
Definition: vaapi_transcode.c:44
AVPacket
This structure stores compressed data.
Definition: packet.h:350
av_interleaved_write_frame
int av_interleaved_write_frame(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
Write a packet to an output media file ensuring correct interleaving.
Definition: mux.c:1234
AVCodecContext::width
int width
picture width / height.
Definition: avcodec.h:556
hwcontext.h
avformat_alloc_output_context2
int avformat_alloc_output_context2(AVFormatContext **ctx, const AVOutputFormat *oformat, const char *format_name, const char *filename)
Allocate an AVFormatContext for an output format.
Definition: mux.c:136
avcodec_find_encoder_by_name
const AVCodec * avcodec_find_encoder_by_name(const char *name)
Find a registered encoder with the specified name.
Definition: allcodecs.c:943