FFmpeg
v4l2.c
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1 /*
2  * Copyright (c) 2000,2001 Fabrice Bellard
3  * Copyright (c) 2006 Luca Abeni
4  *
5  * This file is part of FFmpeg.
6  *
7  * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
8  * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
9  * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
10  * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
11  *
12  * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
13  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
14  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
15  * Lesser General Public License for more details.
16  *
17  * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
18  * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
19  * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
20  */
21 
22 /**
23  * @file
24  * Video4Linux2 grab interface
25  *
26  * Part of this file is based on the V4L2 video capture example
27  * (http://linuxtv.org/downloads/v4l-dvb-apis/capture-example.html)
28  *
29  * Thanks to Michael Niedermayer for providing the mapping between
30  * V4L2_PIX_FMT_* and AV_PIX_FMT_*
31  */
32 
33 #include <stdatomic.h>
34 
35 #include "libavutil/avassert.h"
36 #include "libavutil/avstring.h"
37 #include "libavutil/imgutils.h"
38 #include "libavutil/parseutils.h"
39 #include "libavutil/pixdesc.h"
40 #include "libavutil/time.h"
41 #include "libavcodec/avcodec.h"
42 #include "libavcodec/codec_desc.h"
43 #include "libavformat/demux.h"
44 #include "libavformat/internal.h"
45 #include "avdevice.h"
46 #include "timefilter.h"
47 #include "v4l2-common.h"
48 #include <dirent.h>
49 
50 #if CONFIG_LIBV4L2
51 #include <libv4l2.h>
52 #endif
53 
54 static const int desired_video_buffers = 256;
55 
56 #define V4L_ALLFORMATS 3
57 #define V4L_RAWFORMATS 1
58 #define V4L_COMPFORMATS 2
59 
60 /**
61  * Return timestamps to the user exactly as returned by the kernel
62  */
63 #define V4L_TS_DEFAULT 0
64 /**
65  * Autodetect the kind of timestamps returned by the kernel and convert to
66  * absolute (wall clock) timestamps.
67  */
68 #define V4L_TS_ABS 1
69 /**
70  * Assume kernel timestamps are from the monotonic clock and convert to
71  * absolute timestamps.
72  */
73 #define V4L_TS_MONO2ABS 2
74 
75 /**
76  * Once the kind of timestamps returned by the kernel have been detected,
77  * the value of the timefilter (NULL or not) determines whether a conversion
78  * takes place.
79  */
80 #define V4L_TS_CONVERT_READY V4L_TS_DEFAULT
81 
82 struct video_data {
83  AVClass *class;
84  int fd;
85  int pixelformat; /* V4L2_PIX_FMT_* */
86  int width, height;
90  int ts_mode;
92  int64_t last_time_m;
93 
94  int buffers;
96  void **buf_start;
97  unsigned int *buf_len;
98  char *standard;
99  v4l2_std_id std_id;
100  int channel;
101  char *pixel_format; /**< Set by a private option. */
102  int list_format; /**< Set by a private option. */
103  int list_standard; /**< Set by a private option. */
104  char *framerate; /**< Set by a private option. */
105 
107  int (*open_f)(const char *file, int oflag, ...);
108  int (*close_f)(int fd);
109  int (*dup_f)(int fd);
110 #ifdef __GLIBC__
111  int (*ioctl_f)(int fd, unsigned long int request, ...);
112 #else
113  int (*ioctl_f)(int fd, int request, ...);
114 #endif
115  ssize_t (*read_f)(int fd, void *buffer, size_t n);
116  void *(*mmap_f)(void *start, size_t length, int prot, int flags, int fd, int64_t offset);
117  int (*munmap_f)(void *_start, size_t length);
118 };
119 
120 struct buff_data {
121  struct video_data *s;
122  int index;
123 };
124 
125 static int device_open(AVFormatContext *ctx, const char* device_path)
126 {
127  struct video_data *s = ctx->priv_data;
128  struct v4l2_capability cap;
129  int fd;
130  int err;
131  int flags = O_RDWR;
132 
133 #define SET_WRAPPERS(prefix) do { \
134  s->open_f = prefix ## open; \
135  s->close_f = prefix ## close; \
136  s->dup_f = prefix ## dup; \
137  s->ioctl_f = prefix ## ioctl; \
138  s->read_f = prefix ## read; \
139  s->mmap_f = prefix ## mmap; \
140  s->munmap_f = prefix ## munmap; \
141 } while (0)
142 
143  if (s->use_libv4l2) {
144 #if CONFIG_LIBV4L2
145  SET_WRAPPERS(v4l2_);
146 #else
147  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "libavdevice is not built with libv4l2 support.\n");
148  return AVERROR(EINVAL);
149 #endif
150  } else {
151  SET_WRAPPERS();
152  }
153 
154 #define v4l2_open s->open_f
155 #define v4l2_close s->close_f
156 #define v4l2_dup s->dup_f
157 #define v4l2_ioctl s->ioctl_f
158 #define v4l2_read s->read_f
159 #define v4l2_mmap s->mmap_f
160 #define v4l2_munmap s->munmap_f
161 
162  if (ctx->flags & AVFMT_FLAG_NONBLOCK) {
163  flags |= O_NONBLOCK;
164  }
165 
166  fd = v4l2_open(device_path, flags, 0);
167  if (fd < 0) {
168  err = AVERROR(errno);
169  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot open video device %s: %s\n",
170  device_path, av_err2str(err));
171  return err;
172  }
173 
174  if (v4l2_ioctl(fd, VIDIOC_QUERYCAP, &cap) < 0) {
175  err = AVERROR(errno);
176  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_QUERYCAP): %s\n",
177  av_err2str(err));
178  goto fail;
179  }
180 
181  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_VERBOSE, "fd:%d capabilities:%x\n",
182  fd, cap.capabilities);
183 
184  if (!(cap.capabilities & V4L2_CAP_VIDEO_CAPTURE)) {
185  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Not a video capture device.\n");
186  err = AVERROR(ENODEV);
187  goto fail;
188  }
189 
190  if (!(cap.capabilities & V4L2_CAP_STREAMING)) {
192  "The device does not support the streaming I/O method.\n");
193  err = AVERROR(ENOSYS);
194  goto fail;
195  }
196 
197  return fd;
198 
199 fail:
200  v4l2_close(fd);
201  return err;
202 }
203 
204 static int device_init(AVFormatContext *ctx, int *width, int *height,
205  uint32_t pixelformat)
206 {
207  struct video_data *s = ctx->priv_data;
208  struct v4l2_format fmt = { .type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE };
209  int res = 0;
210 
211  fmt.fmt.pix.width = *width;
212  fmt.fmt.pix.height = *height;
213  fmt.fmt.pix.pixelformat = pixelformat;
214  fmt.fmt.pix.field = V4L2_FIELD_ANY;
215 
216  /* Some drivers will fail and return EINVAL when the pixelformat
217  is not supported (even if type field is valid and supported) */
218  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_S_FMT, &fmt) < 0)
219  res = AVERROR(errno);
220 
221  if ((*width != fmt.fmt.pix.width) || (*height != fmt.fmt.pix.height)) {
223  "The V4L2 driver changed the video from %dx%d to %dx%d\n",
224  *width, *height, fmt.fmt.pix.width, fmt.fmt.pix.height);
225  *width = fmt.fmt.pix.width;
226  *height = fmt.fmt.pix.height;
227  }
228 
229  if (pixelformat != fmt.fmt.pix.pixelformat) {
231  "The V4L2 driver changed the pixel format "
232  "from 0x%08X to 0x%08X\n",
233  pixelformat, fmt.fmt.pix.pixelformat);
234  res = AVERROR(EINVAL);
235  }
236 
237  if (fmt.fmt.pix.field == V4L2_FIELD_INTERLACED) {
239  "The V4L2 driver is using the interlaced mode\n");
240  s->interlaced = 1;
241  }
242 
243  return res;
244 }
245 
246 static int first_field(const struct video_data *s)
247 {
248  int res;
249  v4l2_std_id std;
250 
251  res = v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_G_STD, &std);
252  if (res < 0)
253  return 0;
254  if (std & V4L2_STD_NTSC)
255  return 0;
256 
257  return 1;
258 }
259 
260 #if HAVE_STRUCT_V4L2_FRMIVALENUM_DISCRETE
261 static void list_framesizes(AVFormatContext *ctx, uint32_t pixelformat)
262 {
263  const struct video_data *s = ctx->priv_data;
264  struct v4l2_frmsizeenum vfse = { .pixel_format = pixelformat };
265 
266  while(!v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_ENUM_FRAMESIZES, &vfse)) {
267  switch (vfse.type) {
268  case V4L2_FRMSIZE_TYPE_DISCRETE:
269  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_INFO, " %ux%u",
270  vfse.discrete.width, vfse.discrete.height);
271  break;
272  case V4L2_FRMSIZE_TYPE_CONTINUOUS:
273  case V4L2_FRMSIZE_TYPE_STEPWISE:
274  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_INFO, " {%u-%u, %u}x{%u-%u, %u}",
275  vfse.stepwise.min_width,
276  vfse.stepwise.max_width,
277  vfse.stepwise.step_width,
278  vfse.stepwise.min_height,
279  vfse.stepwise.max_height,
280  vfse.stepwise.step_height);
281  }
282  vfse.index++;
283  }
284 }
285 #endif
286 
288 {
289  const struct video_data *s = ctx->priv_data;
290  struct v4l2_fmtdesc vfd = { .type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE };
291 
292  while(!v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_ENUM_FMT, &vfd)) {
293  enum AVCodecID codec_id = ff_fmt_v4l2codec(vfd.pixelformat);
294  enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmt = ff_fmt_v4l2ff(vfd.pixelformat, codec_id);
295 
296  vfd.index++;
297 
298  if (!(vfd.flags & V4L2_FMT_FLAG_COMPRESSED) &&
299  type & V4L_RAWFORMATS) {
300  const char *fmt_name = av_get_pix_fmt_name(pix_fmt);
301  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_INFO, "Raw : %11s : %20s :",
302  fmt_name ? fmt_name : "Unsupported",
303  vfd.description);
304  } else if (vfd.flags & V4L2_FMT_FLAG_COMPRESSED &&
305  type & V4L_COMPFORMATS) {
307  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_INFO, "Compressed: %11s : %20s :",
308  desc ? desc->name : "Unsupported",
309  vfd.description);
310  } else {
311  continue;
312  }
313 
314 #ifdef V4L2_FMT_FLAG_EMULATED
315  if (vfd.flags & V4L2_FMT_FLAG_EMULATED)
316  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_INFO, " Emulated :");
317 #endif
318 #if HAVE_STRUCT_V4L2_FRMIVALENUM_DISCRETE
319  list_framesizes(ctx, vfd.pixelformat);
320 #endif
321  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_INFO, "\n");
322  }
323 }
324 
326 {
327  int ret;
328  struct video_data *s = ctx->priv_data;
329  struct v4l2_standard standard;
330 
331  if (s->std_id == 0)
332  return;
333 
334  for (standard.index = 0; ; standard.index++) {
335  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_ENUMSTD, &standard) < 0) {
336  ret = AVERROR(errno);
337  if (ret == AVERROR(EINVAL)) {
338  break;
339  } else {
340  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_ENUMSTD): %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
341  return;
342  }
343  }
344  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_INFO, "%2d, %16"PRIx64", %s\n",
345  standard.index, (uint64_t)standard.id, standard.name);
346  }
347 }
348 
350 {
351  int i, res;
352  struct video_data *s = ctx->priv_data;
353  struct v4l2_requestbuffers req = {
354  .type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE,
355  .count = desired_video_buffers,
356  .memory = V4L2_MEMORY_MMAP
357  };
358 
359  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_REQBUFS, &req) < 0) {
360  res = AVERROR(errno);
361  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_REQBUFS): %s\n", av_err2str(res));
362  return res;
363  }
364 
365  if (req.count < 2) {
366  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Insufficient buffer memory\n");
367  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
368  }
369  s->buffers = req.count;
370  s->buf_start = av_malloc_array(s->buffers, sizeof(void *));
371  if (!s->buf_start) {
372  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot allocate buffer pointers\n");
373  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
374  }
375  s->buf_len = av_malloc_array(s->buffers, sizeof(unsigned int));
376  if (!s->buf_len) {
377  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot allocate buffer sizes\n");
378  av_freep(&s->buf_start);
379  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
380  }
381 
382  for (i = 0; i < req.count; i++) {
383  struct v4l2_buffer buf = {
384  .type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE,
385  .index = i,
386  .memory = V4L2_MEMORY_MMAP
387  };
388  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_QUERYBUF, &buf) < 0) {
389  res = AVERROR(errno);
390  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_QUERYBUF): %s\n", av_err2str(res));
391  return res;
392  }
393 
394  s->buf_len[i] = buf.length;
395  if (s->frame_size > 0 && s->buf_len[i] < s->frame_size) {
397  "buf_len[%d] = %d < expected frame size %d\n",
398  i, s->buf_len[i], s->frame_size);
399  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
400  }
401  s->buf_start[i] = v4l2_mmap(NULL, buf.length,
402  PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED,
403  s->fd, buf.m.offset);
404 
405  if (s->buf_start[i] == MAP_FAILED) {
406  res = AVERROR(errno);
407  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "mmap: %s\n", av_err2str(res));
408  return res;
409  }
410  }
411 
412  return 0;
413 }
414 
415 static int enqueue_buffer(struct video_data *s, struct v4l2_buffer *buf)
416 {
417  int res = 0;
418 
419  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_QBUF, buf) < 0) {
420  res = AVERROR(errno);
421  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_QBUF): %s\n", av_err2str(res));
422  } else {
423  atomic_fetch_add(&s->buffers_queued, 1);
424  }
425 
426  return res;
427 }
428 
429 static void mmap_release_buffer(void *opaque, uint8_t *data)
430 {
431  struct v4l2_buffer buf = { 0 };
432  struct buff_data *buf_descriptor = opaque;
433  struct video_data *s = buf_descriptor->s;
434 
435  buf.type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE;
436  buf.memory = V4L2_MEMORY_MMAP;
437  buf.index = buf_descriptor->index;
438  av_free(buf_descriptor);
439 
440  enqueue_buffer(s, &buf);
441 }
442 
443 #if HAVE_CLOCK_GETTIME && defined(CLOCK_MONOTONIC)
444 static int64_t av_gettime_monotonic(void)
445 {
446  return av_gettime_relative();
447 }
448 #endif
449 
451 {
452  struct video_data *s = ctx->priv_data;
453  int64_t now;
454 
455  now = av_gettime();
456  if (s->ts_mode == V4L_TS_ABS &&
457  ts <= now + 1 * AV_TIME_BASE && ts >= now - 10 * AV_TIME_BASE) {
458  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_INFO, "Detected absolute timestamps\n");
459  s->ts_mode = V4L_TS_CONVERT_READY;
460  return 0;
461  }
462 #if HAVE_CLOCK_GETTIME && defined(CLOCK_MONOTONIC)
463  if (ctx->streams[0]->avg_frame_rate.num) {
464  now = av_gettime_monotonic();
465  if (s->ts_mode == V4L_TS_MONO2ABS ||
466  (ts <= now + 1 * AV_TIME_BASE && ts >= now - 10 * AV_TIME_BASE)) {
467  AVRational tb = {AV_TIME_BASE, 1};
468  int64_t period = av_rescale_q(1, tb, ctx->streams[0]->avg_frame_rate);
469  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_INFO, "Detected monotonic timestamps, converting\n");
470  /* microseconds instead of seconds, MHz instead of Hz */
471  s->timefilter = ff_timefilter_new(1, period, 1.0E-6);
472  if (!s->timefilter)
473  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
474  s->ts_mode = V4L_TS_CONVERT_READY;
475  return 0;
476  }
477  }
478 #endif
479  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Unknown timestamps\n");
480  return AVERROR(EIO);
481 }
482 
483 static int convert_timestamp(AVFormatContext *ctx, int64_t *ts)
484 {
485  struct video_data *s = ctx->priv_data;
486 
487  if (s->ts_mode) {
488  int r = init_convert_timestamp(ctx, *ts);
489  if (r < 0)
490  return r;
491  }
492 #if HAVE_CLOCK_GETTIME && defined(CLOCK_MONOTONIC)
493  if (s->timefilter) {
494  int64_t nowa = av_gettime();
495  int64_t nowm = av_gettime_monotonic();
496  ff_timefilter_update(s->timefilter, nowa, nowm - s->last_time_m);
497  s->last_time_m = nowm;
498  *ts = ff_timefilter_eval(s->timefilter, *ts - nowm);
499  }
500 #endif
501  return 0;
502 }
503 
505 {
506  struct video_data *s = ctx->priv_data;
507  struct v4l2_buffer buf = {
508  .type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE,
509  .memory = V4L2_MEMORY_MMAP
510  };
511  struct timeval buf_ts;
512  int res;
513 
514  pkt->size = 0;
515 
516  /* FIXME: Some special treatment might be needed in case of loss of signal... */
517  while ((res = v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_DQBUF, &buf)) < 0 && (errno == EINTR));
518  if (res < 0) {
519  if (errno == EAGAIN)
520  return AVERROR(EAGAIN);
521 
522  res = AVERROR(errno);
523  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_DQBUF): %s\n",
524  av_err2str(res));
525  return res;
526  }
527 
528  buf_ts = buf.timestamp;
529 
530  if (buf.index >= s->buffers) {
531  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Invalid buffer index received.\n");
532  return AVERROR(EINVAL);
533  }
534  atomic_fetch_add(&s->buffers_queued, -1);
535  // always keep at least one buffer queued
536  av_assert0(atomic_load(&s->buffers_queued) >= 1);
537 
538 #ifdef V4L2_BUF_FLAG_ERROR
539  if (buf.flags & V4L2_BUF_FLAG_ERROR) {
541  "Dequeued v4l2 buffer contains corrupted data (%d bytes).\n",
542  buf.bytesused);
543  buf.bytesused = 0;
544  } else
545 #endif
546  {
547  /* CPIA is a compressed format and we don't know the exact number of bytes
548  * used by a frame, so set it here as the driver announces it. */
550  s->frame_size = buf.bytesused;
551 
552  if (s->frame_size > 0 && buf.bytesused != s->frame_size) {
554  "Dequeued v4l2 buffer contains %d bytes, but %d were expected. Flags: 0x%08X.\n",
555  buf.bytesused, s->frame_size, buf.flags);
556  buf.bytesused = 0;
557  }
558  }
559 
560  /* Image is at s->buff_start[buf.index] */
561  if (atomic_load(&s->buffers_queued) == FFMAX(s->buffers / 8, 1)) {
562  /* when we start getting low on queued buffers, fall back on copying data */
563  res = av_new_packet(pkt, buf.bytesused);
564  if (res < 0) {
565  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error allocating a packet.\n");
566  enqueue_buffer(s, &buf);
567  return res;
568  }
569  memcpy(pkt->data, s->buf_start[buf.index], buf.bytesused);
570 
571  res = enqueue_buffer(s, &buf);
572  if (res) {
574  return res;
575  }
576  } else {
577  struct buff_data *buf_descriptor;
578 
579  pkt->data = s->buf_start[buf.index];
580  pkt->size = buf.bytesused;
581 
582  buf_descriptor = av_malloc(sizeof(struct buff_data));
583  if (!buf_descriptor) {
584  /* Something went wrong... Since av_malloc() failed, we cannot even
585  * allocate a buffer for memcpying into it
586  */
587  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Failed to allocate a buffer descriptor\n");
588  enqueue_buffer(s, &buf);
589 
590  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
591  }
592  buf_descriptor->index = buf.index;
593  buf_descriptor->s = s;
594 
596  buf_descriptor, 0);
597  if (!pkt->buf) {
598  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Failed to create a buffer\n");
599  enqueue_buffer(s, &buf);
600  av_freep(&buf_descriptor);
601  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
602  }
603  }
604  pkt->pts = buf_ts.tv_sec * INT64_C(1000000) + buf_ts.tv_usec;
606 
607  return pkt->size;
608 }
609 
611 {
612  struct video_data *s = ctx->priv_data;
613  enum v4l2_buf_type type;
614  int i, res;
615 
616  for (i = 0; i < s->buffers; i++) {
617  struct v4l2_buffer buf = {
618  .type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE,
619  .index = i,
620  .memory = V4L2_MEMORY_MMAP
621  };
622 
623  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_QBUF, &buf) < 0) {
624  res = AVERROR(errno);
625  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_QBUF): %s\n",
626  av_err2str(res));
627  return res;
628  }
629  }
630  atomic_store(&s->buffers_queued, s->buffers);
631 
632  type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE;
633  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_STREAMON, &type) < 0) {
634  res = AVERROR(errno);
635  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_STREAMON): %s\n",
636  av_err2str(res));
637  return res;
638  }
639 
640  return 0;
641 }
642 
643 static void mmap_close(struct video_data *s)
644 {
645  enum v4l2_buf_type type;
646  int i;
647 
648  type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE;
649  /* We do not check for the result, because we could
650  * not do anything about it anyway...
651  */
652  v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_STREAMOFF, &type);
653  for (i = 0; i < s->buffers; i++) {
654  v4l2_munmap(s->buf_start[i], s->buf_len[i]);
655  }
656  av_freep(&s->buf_start);
657  av_freep(&s->buf_len);
658 }
659 
661 {
662  struct video_data *s = ctx->priv_data;
663  struct v4l2_standard standard = { 0 };
664  struct v4l2_streamparm streamparm = { 0 };
665  struct v4l2_fract *tpf;
666  AVRational framerate_q = { 0 };
667  int i, ret;
668 
669  if (s->framerate &&
670  (ret = av_parse_video_rate(&framerate_q, s->framerate)) < 0) {
671  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not parse framerate '%s'.\n",
672  s->framerate);
673  return ret;
674  }
675 
676  if (s->standard) {
677  if (s->std_id) {
678  ret = 0;
679  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "Setting standard: %s\n", s->standard);
680  /* set tv standard */
681  for (i = 0; ; i++) {
682  standard.index = i;
683  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_ENUMSTD, &standard) < 0) {
684  ret = AVERROR(errno);
685  break;
686  }
687  if (!av_strcasecmp(standard.name, s->standard))
688  break;
689  }
690  if (ret < 0) {
691  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Unknown or unsupported standard '%s'\n", s->standard);
692  return ret;
693  }
694 
695  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_S_STD, &standard.id) < 0) {
696  ret = AVERROR(errno);
697  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_S_STD): %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
698  return ret;
699  }
700  } else {
702  "This device does not support any standard\n");
703  }
704  }
705 
706  /* get standard */
707  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_G_STD, &s->std_id) == 0) {
708  tpf = &standard.frameperiod;
709  for (i = 0; ; i++) {
710  standard.index = i;
711  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_ENUMSTD, &standard) < 0) {
712  ret = AVERROR(errno);
713  if (ret == AVERROR(EINVAL)
714 #ifdef ENODATA
715  || ret == AVERROR(ENODATA)
716 #endif
717  ) {
718  tpf = &streamparm.parm.capture.timeperframe;
719  break;
720  }
721  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_ENUMSTD): %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
722  return ret;
723  }
724  if (standard.id == s->std_id) {
726  "Current standard: %s, id: %"PRIx64", frameperiod: %d/%d\n",
727  standard.name, (uint64_t)standard.id, tpf->numerator, tpf->denominator);
728  break;
729  }
730  }
731  } else {
732  tpf = &streamparm.parm.capture.timeperframe;
733  }
734 
735  streamparm.type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE;
736  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_G_PARM, &streamparm) < 0) {
737  ret = AVERROR(errno);
738  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_WARNING, "ioctl(VIDIOC_G_PARM): %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
739  } else if (framerate_q.num && framerate_q.den) {
740  if (streamparm.parm.capture.capability & V4L2_CAP_TIMEPERFRAME) {
741  tpf = &streamparm.parm.capture.timeperframe;
742 
743  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "Setting time per frame to %d/%d\n",
744  framerate_q.den, framerate_q.num);
745  tpf->numerator = framerate_q.den;
746  tpf->denominator = framerate_q.num;
747 
748  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_S_PARM, &streamparm) < 0) {
749  ret = AVERROR(errno);
750  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_S_PARM): %s\n",
751  av_err2str(ret));
752  return ret;
753  }
754 
755  if (framerate_q.num != tpf->denominator ||
756  framerate_q.den != tpf->numerator) {
758  "The driver changed the time per frame from "
759  "%d/%d to %d/%d\n",
760  framerate_q.den, framerate_q.num,
761  tpf->numerator, tpf->denominator);
762  }
763  } else {
765  "The driver does not permit changing the time per frame\n");
766  }
767  }
768  if (tpf->denominator > 0 && tpf->numerator > 0) {
769  ctx->streams[0]->avg_frame_rate.num = tpf->denominator;
770  ctx->streams[0]->avg_frame_rate.den = tpf->numerator;
772  } else
773  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_WARNING, "Time per frame unknown\n");
774 
775  return 0;
776 }
777 
779  enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmt,
780  int *width,
781  int *height,
782  uint32_t *desired_format,
783  enum AVCodecID *codec_id)
784 {
785  int ret, i;
786 
787  *desired_format = ff_fmt_ff2v4l(pix_fmt, ctx->video_codec_id);
788 
789  if (*desired_format) {
790  ret = device_init(ctx, width, height, *desired_format);
791  if (ret < 0) {
792  *desired_format = 0;
793  if (ret != AVERROR(EINVAL))
794  return ret;
795  }
796  }
797 
798  if (!*desired_format) {
802  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "Trying to set codec:%s pix_fmt:%s\n",
804  (char *)av_x_if_null(av_get_pix_fmt_name(ff_fmt_conversion_table[i].ff_fmt), "none"));
805 
806  *desired_format = ff_fmt_conversion_table[i].v4l2_fmt;
807  ret = device_init(ctx, width, height, *desired_format);
808  if (ret >= 0)
809  break;
810  else if (ret != AVERROR(EINVAL))
811  return ret;
812  *desired_format = 0;
813  }
814  }
815 
816  if (*desired_format == 0) {
817  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot find a proper format for "
818  "codec '%s' (id %d), pixel format '%s' (id %d)\n",
820  (char *)av_x_if_null(av_get_pix_fmt_name(pix_fmt), "none"), pix_fmt);
821  ret = AVERROR(EINVAL);
822  }
823  }
824 
825  *codec_id = ff_fmt_v4l2codec(*desired_format);
826  if (*codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_NONE)
827  av_assert0(ret == AVERROR(EINVAL));
828  return ret;
829 }
830 
831 static int v4l2_read_probe(const AVProbeData *p)
832 {
833  if (av_strstart(p->filename, "/dev/video", NULL))
834  return AVPROBE_SCORE_MAX - 1;
835  return 0;
836 }
837 
839 {
840  struct video_data *s = ctx->priv_data;
841  AVStream *st;
842  int res = 0;
843  uint32_t desired_format;
846  struct v4l2_input input = { 0 };
847 
849  if (!st)
850  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
851 
852 #if CONFIG_LIBV4L2
853  /* silence libv4l2 logging. if fopen() fails v4l2_log_file will be NULL
854  and errors will get sent to stderr */
855  if (s->use_libv4l2)
856  v4l2_log_file = fopen("/dev/null", "w");
857 #endif
858 
859  s->fd = device_open(ctx, ctx->url);
860  if (s->fd < 0)
861  return s->fd;
862 
863  if (s->channel != -1) {
864  /* set video input */
865  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "Selecting input_channel: %d\n", s->channel);
866  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_S_INPUT, &s->channel) < 0) {
867  res = AVERROR(errno);
868  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_S_INPUT): %s\n", av_err2str(res));
869  goto fail;
870  }
871  } else {
872  /* get current video input */
873  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_G_INPUT, &s->channel) < 0) {
874  res = AVERROR(errno);
875  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_G_INPUT): %s\n", av_err2str(res));
876  goto fail;
877  }
878  }
879 
880  /* enum input */
881  input.index = s->channel;
882  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_ENUMINPUT, &input) < 0) {
883  res = AVERROR(errno);
884  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_ENUMINPUT): %s\n", av_err2str(res));
885  goto fail;
886  }
887  s->std_id = input.std;
888  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "Current input_channel: %d, input_name: %s, input_std: %"PRIx64"\n",
889  s->channel, input.name, (uint64_t)input.std);
890 
891  if (s->list_format) {
892  list_formats(ctx, s->list_format);
893  res = AVERROR_EXIT;
894  goto fail;
895  }
896 
897  if (s->list_standard) {
899  res = AVERROR_EXIT;
900  goto fail;
901  }
902 
903  avpriv_set_pts_info(st, 64, 1, 1000000); /* 64 bits pts in us */
904 
905  if (s->pixel_format) {
906  const AVCodecDescriptor *desc = avcodec_descriptor_get_by_name(s->pixel_format);
907 
908  if (desc)
909  ctx->video_codec_id = desc->id;
910 
911  pix_fmt = av_get_pix_fmt(s->pixel_format);
912 
913  if (pix_fmt == AV_PIX_FMT_NONE && !desc) {
914  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "No such input format: %s.\n",
915  s->pixel_format);
916 
917  res = AVERROR(EINVAL);
918  goto fail;
919  }
920  }
921 
922  if (!s->width && !s->height) {
923  struct v4l2_format fmt = { .type = V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE };
924 
926  "Querying the device for the current frame size\n");
927  if (v4l2_ioctl(s->fd, VIDIOC_G_FMT, &fmt) < 0) {
928  res = AVERROR(errno);
929  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_G_FMT): %s\n",
930  av_err2str(res));
931  goto fail;
932  }
933 
934  s->width = fmt.fmt.pix.width;
935  s->height = fmt.fmt.pix.height;
937  "Setting frame size to %dx%d\n", s->width, s->height);
938  }
939 
940  res = device_try_init(ctx, pix_fmt, &s->width, &s->height, &desired_format, &codec_id);
941  if (res < 0)
942  goto fail;
943 
944  /* If no pixel_format was specified, the codec_id was not known up
945  * until now. Set video_codec_id in the context, as codec_id will
946  * not be available outside this function
947  */
950 
951  if ((res = av_image_check_size(s->width, s->height, 0, ctx)) < 0)
952  goto fail;
953 
954  s->pixelformat = desired_format;
955 
956  if ((res = v4l2_set_parameters(ctx)) < 0)
957  goto fail;
958 
959  st->codecpar->format = ff_fmt_v4l2ff(desired_format, codec_id);
960  if (st->codecpar->format != AV_PIX_FMT_NONE)
961  s->frame_size = av_image_get_buffer_size(st->codecpar->format,
962  s->width, s->height, 1);
963 
964  if ((res = mmap_init(ctx)) ||
965  (res = mmap_start(ctx)) < 0)
966  goto fail;
967 
968  s->top_field_first = first_field(s);
969 
971  st->codecpar->codec_id = codec_id;
973  st->codecpar->codec_tag =
975  else if (codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_H264) {
977  }
978  if (desired_format == V4L2_PIX_FMT_YVU420)
979  st->codecpar->codec_tag = MKTAG('Y', 'V', '1', '2');
980  else if (desired_format == V4L2_PIX_FMT_YVU410)
981  st->codecpar->codec_tag = MKTAG('Y', 'V', 'U', '9');
982  st->codecpar->width = s->width;
983  st->codecpar->height = s->height;
984  if (st->avg_frame_rate.den)
985  st->codecpar->bit_rate = s->frame_size * av_q2d(st->avg_frame_rate) * 8;
986 
987  return 0;
988 
989 fail:
990  v4l2_close(s->fd);
991  return res;
992 }
993 
995 {
996  int res;
997 
998  if ((res = mmap_read_frame(ctx, pkt)) < 0) {
999  return res;
1000  }
1001 
1002  return pkt->size;
1003 }
1004 
1006 {
1007  struct video_data *s = ctx->priv_data;
1008 
1009  if (atomic_load(&s->buffers_queued) != s->buffers)
1010  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_WARNING, "Some buffers are still owned by the caller on "
1011  "close.\n");
1012 
1013  mmap_close(s);
1014 
1015  ff_timefilter_destroy(s->timefilter);
1016  v4l2_close(s->fd);
1017  return 0;
1018 }
1019 
1020 static int v4l2_is_v4l_dev(const char *name)
1021 {
1022  return !strncmp(name, "video", 5) ||
1023  !strncmp(name, "radio", 5) ||
1024  !strncmp(name, "vbi", 3) ||
1025  !strncmp(name, "v4l-subdev", 10);
1026 }
1027 
1029 {
1030  struct video_data *s = ctx->priv_data;
1031  DIR *dir;
1032  struct dirent *entry;
1033  int ret = 0;
1034 
1035  if (!device_list)
1036  return AVERROR(EINVAL);
1037 
1038  dir = opendir("/dev");
1039  if (!dir) {
1040  ret = AVERROR(errno);
1041  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Couldn't open the directory: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
1042  return ret;
1043  }
1044  while ((entry = readdir(dir))) {
1045  AVDeviceInfo *device = NULL;
1046  struct v4l2_capability cap;
1047  int fd = -1, size;
1048  char device_name[256];
1049 
1050  if (!v4l2_is_v4l_dev(entry->d_name))
1051  continue;
1052 
1053  size = snprintf(device_name, sizeof(device_name), "/dev/%s", entry->d_name);
1054  if (size >= sizeof(device_name)) {
1055  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Device name too long.\n");
1056  ret = AVERROR(ENOSYS);
1057  break;
1058  }
1059 
1060  if ((fd = device_open(ctx, device_name)) < 0)
1061  continue;
1062 
1063  if (v4l2_ioctl(fd, VIDIOC_QUERYCAP, &cap) < 0) {
1064  ret = AVERROR(errno);
1065  av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "ioctl(VIDIOC_QUERYCAP): %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
1066  goto fail;
1067  }
1068 
1069  device = av_mallocz(sizeof(AVDeviceInfo));
1070  if (!device) {
1071  ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
1072  goto fail;
1073  }
1074  device->device_name = av_strdup(device_name);
1075  device->device_description = av_strdup(cap.card);
1076  if (!device->device_name || !device->device_description) {
1077  ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
1078  goto fail;
1079  }
1080 
1081  if ((ret = av_dynarray_add_nofree(&device_list->devices,
1082  &device_list->nb_devices, device)) < 0)
1083  goto fail;
1084 
1085  v4l2_close(fd);
1086  continue;
1087 
1088  fail:
1089  if (device) {
1090  av_freep(&device->device_name);
1091  av_freep(&device->device_description);
1092  av_freep(&device);
1093  }
1094  v4l2_close(fd);
1095  break;
1096  }
1097  closedir(dir);
1098  return ret;
1099 }
1100 
1101 #define OFFSET(x) offsetof(struct video_data, x)
1102 #define DEC AV_OPT_FLAG_DECODING_PARAM
1103 
1104 static const AVOption options[] = {
1105  { "standard", "set TV standard, used only by analog frame grabber", OFFSET(standard), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str = NULL }, 0, 0, DEC },
1106  { "channel", "set TV channel, used only by frame grabber", OFFSET(channel), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, {.i64 = -1 }, -1, INT_MAX, DEC },
1107  { "video_size", "set frame size", OFFSET(width), AV_OPT_TYPE_IMAGE_SIZE, {.str = NULL}, 0, 0, DEC },
1108  { "pixel_format", "set preferred pixel format", OFFSET(pixel_format), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str = NULL}, 0, 0, DEC },
1109  { "input_format", "set preferred pixel format (for raw video) or codec name", OFFSET(pixel_format), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str = NULL}, 0, 0, DEC },
1110  { "framerate", "set frame rate", OFFSET(framerate), AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING, {.str = NULL}, 0, 0, DEC },
1111 
1112  { "list_formats", "list available formats and exit", OFFSET(list_format), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, {.i64 = 0 }, 0, INT_MAX, DEC, "list_formats" },
1113  { "all", "show all available formats", OFFSET(list_format), AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64 = V4L_ALLFORMATS }, 0, INT_MAX, DEC, "list_formats" },
1114  { "raw", "show only non-compressed formats", OFFSET(list_format), AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64 = V4L_RAWFORMATS }, 0, INT_MAX, DEC, "list_formats" },
1115  { "compressed", "show only compressed formats", OFFSET(list_format), AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64 = V4L_COMPFORMATS }, 0, INT_MAX, DEC, "list_formats" },
1116 
1117  { "list_standards", "list supported standards and exit", OFFSET(list_standard), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, {.i64 = 0 }, 0, 1, DEC, "list_standards" },
1118  { "all", "show all supported standards", OFFSET(list_standard), AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64 = 1 }, 0, 0, DEC, "list_standards" },
1119 
1120  { "timestamps", "set type of timestamps for grabbed frames", OFFSET(ts_mode), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, {.i64 = 0 }, 0, 2, DEC, "timestamps" },
1121  { "ts", "set type of timestamps for grabbed frames", OFFSET(ts_mode), AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, {.i64 = 0 }, 0, 2, DEC, "timestamps" },
1122  { "default", "use timestamps from the kernel", OFFSET(ts_mode), AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64 = V4L_TS_DEFAULT }, 0, 2, DEC, "timestamps" },
1123  { "abs", "use absolute timestamps (wall clock)", OFFSET(ts_mode), AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64 = V4L_TS_ABS }, 0, 2, DEC, "timestamps" },
1124  { "mono2abs", "force conversion from monotonic to absolute timestamps", OFFSET(ts_mode), AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST, {.i64 = V4L_TS_MONO2ABS }, 0, 2, DEC, "timestamps" },
1125  { "use_libv4l2", "use libv4l2 (v4l-utils) conversion functions", OFFSET(use_libv4l2), AV_OPT_TYPE_BOOL, {.i64 = 0}, 0, 1, DEC },
1126  { NULL },
1127 };
1128 
1129 static const AVClass v4l2_class = {
1130  .class_name = "V4L2 indev",
1131  .item_name = av_default_item_name,
1132  .option = options,
1133  .version = LIBAVUTIL_VERSION_INT,
1135 };
1136 
1138  .name = "video4linux2,v4l2",
1139  .long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("Video4Linux2 device grab"),
1140  .priv_data_size = sizeof(struct video_data),
1142  .read_header = v4l2_read_header,
1143  .read_packet = v4l2_read_packet,
1144  .read_close = v4l2_read_close,
1145  .get_device_list = v4l2_get_device_list,
1146  .flags = AVFMT_NOFILE,
1147  .priv_class = &v4l2_class,
1148 };
av_packet_unref
void av_packet_unref(AVPacket *pkt)
Wipe the packet.
Definition: avpacket.c:422
TimeFilter
Opaque type representing a time filter state.
Definition: timefilter.c:34
av_gettime_relative
int64_t av_gettime_relative(void)
Get the current time in microseconds since some unspecified starting point.
Definition: time.c:56
AV_LOG_WARNING
#define AV_LOG_WARNING
Something somehow does not look correct.
Definition: log.h:186
AVPixelFormat
AVPixelFormat
Pixel format.
Definition: pixfmt.h:64
name
it s the only field you need to keep assuming you have a context There is some magic you don t need to care about around this just let it vf default minimum maximum flags name is the option name
Definition: writing_filters.txt:88
atomic_store
#define atomic_store(object, desired)
Definition: stdatomic.h:85
r
const char * r
Definition: vf_curves.c:126
AVERROR
Filter the word “frame” indicates either a video frame or a group of audio as stored in an AVFrame structure Format for each input and each output the list of supported formats For video that means pixel format For audio that means channel sample they are references to shared objects When the negotiation mechanism computes the intersection of the formats supported at each end of a all references to both lists are replaced with a reference to the intersection And when a single format is eventually chosen for a link amongst the remaining all references to the list are updated That means that if a filter requires that its input and output have the same format amongst a supported all it has to do is use a reference to the same list of formats query_formats can leave some formats unset and return AVERROR(EAGAIN) to cause the negotiation mechanism toagain later. That can be used by filters with complex requirements to use the format negotiated on one link to set the formats supported on another. Frame references ownership and permissions
avformat_new_stream
AVStream * avformat_new_stream(AVFormatContext *s, const AVCodec *c)
Add a new stream to a media file.
Definition: options.c:237
video_data::channel
int channel
Definition: v4l2.c:100
AVCodecParameters::codec_type
enum AVMediaType codec_type
General type of the encoded data.
Definition: codec_par.h:58
ff_v4l2_demuxer
const AVInputFormat ff_v4l2_demuxer
Definition: v4l2.c:1137
v4l2_class
static const AVClass v4l2_class
Definition: v4l2.c:1129
v4l2_set_parameters
static int v4l2_set_parameters(AVFormatContext *ctx)
Definition: v4l2.c:660
AVDeviceInfo::device_name
char * device_name
device name, format depends on device
Definition: avdevice.h:464
av_strcasecmp
int av_strcasecmp(const char *a, const char *b)
Locale-independent case-insensitive compare.
Definition: avstring.c:218
AV_CODEC_ID_RAWVIDEO
@ AV_CODEC_ID_RAWVIDEO
Definition: codec_id.h:65
AVDeviceInfoList::nb_devices
int nb_devices
number of autodetected devices
Definition: avdevice.h:475
pixdesc.h
AVFormatContext::streams
AVStream ** streams
A list of all streams in the file.
Definition: avformat.h:1284
AVPacket::data
uint8_t * data
Definition: packet.h:374
video_data::buffers
int buffers
Definition: v4l2.c:94
AVOption
AVOption.
Definition: opt.h:251
AVStream::avg_frame_rate
AVRational avg_frame_rate
Average framerate.
Definition: avformat.h:1028
video_data::interlaced
int interlaced
Definition: v4l2.c:88
data
const char data[16]
Definition: mxf.c:146
mmap_init
static int mmap_init(AVFormatContext *ctx)
Definition: v4l2.c:349
atomic_int
intptr_t atomic_int
Definition: stdatomic.h:55
AV_LOG_VERBOSE
#define AV_LOG_VERBOSE
Detailed information.
Definition: log.h:196
AVCodecParameters::codec_tag
uint32_t codec_tag
Additional information about the codec (corresponds to the AVI FOURCC).
Definition: codec_par.h:66
FFMAX
#define FFMAX(a, b)
Definition: macros.h:47
AVFormatContext::video_codec_id
enum AVCodecID video_codec_id
Forced video codec_id.
Definition: avformat.h:1391
video_data::width
int width
Definition: v4l2.c:86
ff_fmt_ff2v4l
uint32_t ff_fmt_ff2v4l(enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmt, enum AVCodecID codec_id)
Definition: v4l2-common.c:73
ff_fmt_conversion_table
const struct fmt_map ff_fmt_conversion_table[]
Definition: v4l2-common.c:21
av_malloc
#define av_malloc(s)
Definition: tableprint_vlc.h:30
avcodec_pix_fmt_to_codec_tag
unsigned int avcodec_pix_fmt_to_codec_tag(enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmt)
Return a value representing the fourCC code associated to the pixel format pix_fmt,...
Definition: raw.c:306
AVPROBE_SCORE_MAX
#define AVPROBE_SCORE_MAX
maximum score
Definition: avformat.h:465
framerate
int framerate
Definition: h264_levels.c:65
avpriv_set_pts_info
void avpriv_set_pts_info(AVStream *st, int pts_wrap_bits, unsigned int pts_num, unsigned int pts_den)
Set the time base and wrapping info for a given stream.
Definition: avformat.c:763
ff_timefilter_eval
double ff_timefilter_eval(TimeFilter *self, double delta)
Evaluate the filter at a specified time.
Definition: timefilter.c:92
fail
#define fail()
Definition: checkasm.h:134
AVSTREAM_PARSE_FULL_ONCE
@ AVSTREAM_PARSE_FULL_ONCE
full parsing and repack of the first frame only, only implemented for H.264 currently
Definition: avformat.h:801
ff_fmt_v4l2codec
enum AVCodecID ff_fmt_v4l2codec(uint32_t v4l2_fmt)
Definition: v4l2-common.c:103
type
it s the only field you need to keep assuming you have a context There is some magic you don t need to care about around this just let it vf type
Definition: writing_filters.txt:86
video_data::framerate
char * framerate
Set by a private option.
Definition: v4l2.c:104
AVRational::num
int num
Numerator.
Definition: rational.h:59
ff_timefilter_new
TimeFilter * ff_timefilter_new(double time_base, double period, double bandwidth)
Create a new Delay Locked Loop time filter.
Definition: timefilter.c:50
video_data::use_libv4l2
int use_libv4l2
Definition: v4l2.c:106
AVDeviceInfoList::devices
AVDeviceInfo ** devices
list of autodetected devices
Definition: avdevice.h:474
video_data::close_f
int(* close_f)(int fd)
Definition: v4l2.c:108
video_data::frame_size
int frame_size
Definition: v4l2.c:87
avassert.h
pkt
AVPacket * pkt
Definition: movenc.c:59
AV_LOG_ERROR
#define AV_LOG_ERROR
Something went wrong and cannot losslessly be recovered.
Definition: log.h:180
AVInputFormat
Definition: avformat.h:656
device_init
static int device_init(AVFormatContext *ctx, int *width, int *height, uint32_t pixelformat)
Definition: v4l2.c:204
width
#define width
AVCodecDescriptor
This struct describes the properties of a single codec described by an AVCodecID.
Definition: codec_desc.h:38
s
#define s(width, name)
Definition: cbs_vp9.c:256
av_new_packet
int av_new_packet(AVPacket *pkt, int size)
Allocate the payload of a packet and initialize its fields with default values.
Definition: avpacket.c:97
video_data::buffers_queued
atomic_int buffers_queued
Definition: v4l2.c:95
video_data::buf_start
void ** buf_start
Definition: v4l2.c:96
AVFormatContext::flags
int flags
Flags modifying the (de)muxer behaviour.
Definition: avformat.h:1334
AVInputFormat::name
const char * name
A comma separated list of short names for the format.
Definition: avformat.h:661
AVCodecParameters::width
int width
Video only.
Definition: codec_par.h:128
av_q2d
static double av_q2d(AVRational a)
Convert an AVRational to a double.
Definition: rational.h:104
AVProbeData::filename
const char * filename
Definition: avformat.h:454
video_data::last_time_m
int64_t last_time_m
Definition: v4l2.c:92
av_assert0
#define av_assert0(cond)
assert() equivalent, that is always enabled.
Definition: avassert.h:37
AV_LOG_DEBUG
#define AV_LOG_DEBUG
Stuff which is only useful for libav* developers.
Definition: log.h:201
ctx
AVFormatContext * ctx
Definition: movenc.c:48
av_rescale_q
int64_t av_rescale_q(int64_t a, AVRational bq, AVRational cq)
Rescale a 64-bit integer by 2 rational numbers.
Definition: mathematics.c:142
pix_fmt
static enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmt
Definition: demuxing_decoding.c:41
codec_id
enum AVCodecID codec_id
Definition: vaapi_decode.c:388
v4l2-common.h
atomic_load
#define atomic_load(object)
Definition: stdatomic.h:93
AV_CODEC_ID_H264
@ AV_CODEC_ID_H264
Definition: codec_id.h:79
E
#define E
Definition: avdct.c:32
video_data::ts_mode
int ts_mode
Definition: v4l2.c:90
v4l2_ioctl
#define v4l2_ioctl
AVFormatContext
Format I/O context.
Definition: avformat.h:1216
internal.h
AVStream::codecpar
AVCodecParameters * codecpar
Codec parameters associated with this stream.
Definition: avformat.h:1108
AVPacket::buf
AVBufferRef * buf
A reference to the reference-counted buffer where the packet data is stored.
Definition: packet.h:357
LIBAVUTIL_VERSION_INT
#define LIBAVUTIL_VERSION_INT
Definition: version.h:85
video_data::std_id
v4l2_std_id std_id
Definition: v4l2.c:99
AVClass
Describe the class of an AVClass context structure.
Definition: log.h:66
NULL
#define NULL
Definition: coverity.c:32
timefilter.h
read_probe
static int read_probe(const AVProbeData *pd)
Definition: jvdec.c:55
video_data::fd
int fd
Definition: v4l2.c:84
AVRational
Rational number (pair of numerator and denominator).
Definition: rational.h:58
period
it s the only field you need to keep assuming you have a context There is some magic you don t need to care about around this just let it vf default minimum maximum flags name is the option keep it simple and lowercase description are in without period
Definition: writing_filters.txt:89
AV_OPT_TYPE_IMAGE_SIZE
@ AV_OPT_TYPE_IMAGE_SIZE
offset must point to two consecutive integers
Definition: opt.h:235
av_default_item_name
const char * av_default_item_name(void *ptr)
Return the context name.
Definition: log.c:237
AV_CODEC_ID_CPIA
@ AV_CODEC_ID_CPIA
Definition: codec_id.h:264
buff_data
Definition: v4l2.c:120
v4l2_open
#define v4l2_open
ff_fmt_v4l2ff
enum AVPixelFormat ff_fmt_v4l2ff(uint32_t v4l2_fmt, enum AVCodecID codec_id)
Definition: v4l2-common.c:89
parseutils.h
V4L_RAWFORMATS
#define V4L_RAWFORMATS
Definition: v4l2.c:57
AVProbeData
This structure contains the data a format has to probe a file.
Definition: avformat.h:453
fmt_map::v4l2_fmt
uint32_t v4l2_fmt
Definition: v4l2-common.h:44
video_data::height
int height
Definition: v4l2.c:86
time.h
AV_CLASS_CATEGORY_DEVICE_VIDEO_INPUT
@ AV_CLASS_CATEGORY_DEVICE_VIDEO_INPUT
Definition: log.h:41
video_data::open_f
int(* open_f)(const char *file, int oflag,...)
Definition: v4l2.c:107
v4l2_close
#define v4l2_close
test::name
const char * name
Definition: idctdsp.c:35
av_buffer_create
AVBufferRef * av_buffer_create(uint8_t *data, size_t size, void(*free)(void *opaque, uint8_t *data), void *opaque, int flags)
Create an AVBuffer from an existing array.
Definition: buffer.c:55
AVCodecID
AVCodecID
Identify the syntax and semantics of the bitstream.
Definition: codec_id.h:49
device_open
static int device_open(AVFormatContext *ctx, const char *device_path)
Definition: v4l2.c:125
mmap_release_buffer
static void mmap_release_buffer(void *opaque, uint8_t *data)
Definition: v4l2.c:429
init_convert_timestamp
static int init_convert_timestamp(AVFormatContext *ctx, int64_t ts)
Definition: v4l2.c:450
v4l2_read_close
static int v4l2_read_close(AVFormatContext *ctx)
Definition: v4l2.c:1005
list_formats
static void list_formats(AVFormatContext *ctx, int type)
Definition: v4l2.c:287
v4l2_read_probe
static int v4l2_read_probe(const AVProbeData *p)
Definition: v4l2.c:831
V4L_COMPFORMATS
#define V4L_COMPFORMATS
Definition: v4l2.c:58
AVPacket::size
int size
Definition: packet.h:375
NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL
#define NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL(x)
Return NULL if CONFIG_SMALL is true, otherwise the argument without modification.
Definition: internal.h:115
av_err2str
#define av_err2str(errnum)
Convenience macro, the return value should be used only directly in function arguments but never stan...
Definition: error.h:121
AVFormatContext::url
char * url
input or output URL.
Definition: avformat.h:1299
size
int size
Definition: twinvq_data.h:10344
AVFMT_NOFILE
#define AVFMT_NOFILE
Demuxer will use avio_open, no opened file should be provided by the caller.
Definition: avformat.h:470
AVDeviceInfo
Structure describes basic parameters of the device.
Definition: avdevice.h:463
video_data::ioctl_f
int(* ioctl_f)(int fd, int request,...)
Definition: v4l2.c:113
avdevice.h
DEC
#define DEC
Definition: v4l2.c:1102
height
#define height
av_image_get_buffer_size
int av_image_get_buffer_size(enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmt, int width, int height, int align)
Return the size in bytes of the amount of data required to store an image with the given parameters.
Definition: imgutils.c:466
offset
it s the only field you need to keep assuming you have a context There is some magic you don t need to care about around this just let it vf offset
Definition: writing_filters.txt:86
video_data::pixelformat
int pixelformat
Definition: v4l2.c:85
v4l2_mmap
#define v4l2_mmap
av_strstart
int av_strstart(const char *str, const char *pfx, const char **ptr)
Return non-zero if pfx is a prefix of str.
Definition: avstring.c:37
AVDeviceInfo::device_description
char * device_description
human friendly name
Definition: avdevice.h:465
fmt_map::codec_id
enum AVCodecID codec_id
Definition: v4l2-common.h:43
input
and forward the test the status of outputs and forward it to the corresponding return FFERROR_NOT_READY If the filters stores internally one or a few frame for some input
Definition: filter_design.txt:172
AV_LOG_INFO
#define AV_LOG_INFO
Standard information.
Definition: log.h:191
buff_data::index
int index
Definition: v4l2.c:122
avpriv_stream_set_need_parsing
void avpriv_stream_set_need_parsing(AVStream *st, enum AVStreamParseType type)
Definition: demux_utils.c:37
video_data::timefilter
TimeFilter * timefilter
Definition: v4l2.c:91
avcodec_get_name
const char * avcodec_get_name(enum AVCodecID id)
Get the name of a codec.
Definition: utils.c:436
av_parse_video_rate
int av_parse_video_rate(AVRational *rate, const char *arg)
Parse str and store the detected values in *rate.
Definition: parseutils.c:181
ff_timefilter_destroy
void ff_timefilter_destroy(TimeFilter *self)
Free all resources associated with the filter.
Definition: timefilter.c:66
AV_CODEC_ID_NONE
@ AV_CODEC_ID_NONE
Definition: codec_id.h:50
i
#define i(width, name, range_min, range_max)
Definition: cbs_h2645.c:269
AVPacket::pts
int64_t pts
Presentation timestamp in AVStream->time_base units; the time at which the decompressed packet will b...
Definition: packet.h:367
mmap_close
static void mmap_close(struct video_data *s)
Definition: v4l2.c:643
v4l2_is_v4l_dev
static int v4l2_is_v4l_dev(const char *name)
Definition: v4l2.c:1020
AVCodecParameters::height
int height
Definition: codec_par.h:129
AV_TIME_BASE
#define AV_TIME_BASE
Internal time base represented as integer.
Definition: avutil.h:254
v4l2_munmap
#define v4l2_munmap
av_malloc_array
#define av_malloc_array(a, b)
Definition: tableprint_vlc.h:31
options
static const AVOption options[]
Definition: v4l2.c:1104
tb
#define tb
Definition: regdef.h:68
av_mallocz
void * av_mallocz(size_t size)
Allocate a memory block with alignment suitable for all memory accesses (including vectors if availab...
Definition: mem.c:264
ff_timefilter_update
double ff_timefilter_update(TimeFilter *self, double system_time, double period)
Update the filter.
Definition: timefilter.c:76
demux.h
OFFSET
#define OFFSET(x)
Definition: v4l2.c:1101
V4L_TS_CONVERT_READY
#define V4L_TS_CONVERT_READY
Once the kind of timestamps returned by the kernel have been detected, the value of the timefilter (N...
Definition: v4l2.c:80
AVFMT_FLAG_NONBLOCK
#define AVFMT_FLAG_NONBLOCK
Do not block when reading packets from input.
Definition: avformat.h:1337
v4l2_get_device_list
static int v4l2_get_device_list(AVFormatContext *ctx, AVDeviceInfoList *device_list)
Definition: v4l2.c:1028
avcodec.h
V4L_TS_MONO2ABS
#define V4L_TS_MONO2ABS
Assume kernel timestamps are from the monotonic clock and convert to absolute timestamps.
Definition: v4l2.c:73
ret
ret
Definition: filter_design.txt:187
AVStream
Stream structure.
Definition: avformat.h:948
video_data::read_f
ssize_t(* read_f)(int fd, void *buffer, size_t n)
Definition: v4l2.c:115
AVClass::class_name
const char * class_name
The name of the class; usually it is the same name as the context structure type to which the AVClass...
Definition: log.h:71
video_data
Definition: v4l2.c:82
AVDeviceInfoList
List of devices.
Definition: avdevice.h:473
video_data::top_field_first
int top_field_first
Definition: v4l2.c:89
av_get_pix_fmt
enum AVPixelFormat av_get_pix_fmt(const char *name)
Return the pixel format corresponding to name.
Definition: pixdesc.c:2790
V4L_ALLFORMATS
#define V4L_ALLFORMATS
Definition: v4l2.c:56
av_dynarray_add_nofree
int av_dynarray_add_nofree(void *tab_ptr, int *nb_ptr, void *elem)
Add an element to a dynamic array.
Definition: mem.c:323
buffer
the frame and frame reference mechanism is intended to as much as expensive copies of that data while still allowing the filters to produce correct results The data is stored in buffers represented by AVFrame structures Several references can point to the same frame buffer
Definition: filter_design.txt:49
AVRational::den
int den
Denominator.
Definition: rational.h:60
AV_PIX_FMT_NONE
@ AV_PIX_FMT_NONE
Definition: pixfmt.h:65
video_data::list_format
int list_format
Set by a private option.
Definition: v4l2.c:102
atomic_fetch_add
#define atomic_fetch_add(object, operand)
Definition: stdatomic.h:131
AV_OPT_TYPE_INT
@ AV_OPT_TYPE_INT
Definition: opt.h:225
video_data::list_standard
int list_standard
Set by a private option.
Definition: v4l2.c:103
convert_timestamp
static int convert_timestamp(AVFormatContext *ctx, int64_t *ts)
Definition: v4l2.c:483
video_data::pixel_format
char * pixel_format
Set by a private option.
Definition: v4l2.c:101
video_data::munmap_f
int(* munmap_f)(void *_start, size_t length)
Definition: v4l2.c:117
AVStream::r_frame_rate
AVRational r_frame_rate
Real base framerate of the stream.
Definition: avformat.h:1097
video_data::buf_len
unsigned int * buf_len
Definition: v4l2.c:97
buff_data::s
struct video_data * s
Definition: v4l2.c:121
av_gettime
int64_t av_gettime(void)
Get the current time in microseconds.
Definition: time.c:39
SET_WRAPPERS
#define SET_WRAPPERS(prefix)
av_strdup
char * av_strdup(const char *s)
Duplicate a string.
Definition: mem.c:280
desc
const char * desc
Definition: libsvtav1.c:83
AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO
@ AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO
Definition: avutil.h:201
video_data::standard
char * standard
Definition: v4l2.c:98
v4l2_read_header
static int v4l2_read_header(AVFormatContext *ctx)
Definition: v4l2.c:838
mmap_start
static int mmap_start(AVFormatContext *ctx)
Definition: v4l2.c:610
AVCodecParameters::format
int format
Definition: codec_par.h:86
av_free
#define av_free(p)
Definition: tableprint_vlc.h:33
AVCodecParameters::codec_id
enum AVCodecID codec_id
Specific type of the encoded data (the codec used).
Definition: codec_par.h:62
AVPacket
This structure stores compressed data.
Definition: packet.h:351
AV_OPT_TYPE_BOOL
@ AV_OPT_TYPE_BOOL
Definition: opt.h:244
list_standards
static void list_standards(AVFormatContext *ctx)
Definition: v4l2.c:325
av_freep
#define av_freep(p)
Definition: tableprint_vlc.h:34
v4l2_read_packet
static int v4l2_read_packet(AVFormatContext *ctx, AVPacket *pkt)
Definition: v4l2.c:994
imgutils.h
flags
#define flags(name, subs,...)
Definition: cbs_av1.c:561
video_data::dup_f
int(* dup_f)(int fd)
Definition: v4l2.c:109
AVCodecParameters::bit_rate
int64_t bit_rate
The average bitrate of the encoded data (in bits per second).
Definition: codec_par.h:91
av_log
#define av_log(a,...)
Definition: tableprint_vlc.h:27
MKTAG
#define MKTAG(a, b, c, d)
Definition: macros.h:55
AVERROR_EXIT
#define AVERROR_EXIT
Immediate exit was requested; the called function should not be restarted.
Definition: error.h:58
V4L_TS_DEFAULT
#define V4L_TS_DEFAULT
Return timestamps to the user exactly as returned by the kernel.
Definition: v4l2.c:63
avcodec_descriptor_get
const AVCodecDescriptor * avcodec_descriptor_get(enum AVCodecID id)
Definition: codec_desc.c:3617
avstring.h
av_image_check_size
int av_image_check_size(unsigned int w, unsigned int h, int log_offset, void *log_ctx)
Check if the given dimension of an image is valid, meaning that all bytes of the image can be address...
Definition: imgutils.c:318
AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING
@ AV_OPT_TYPE_STRING
Definition: opt.h:229
avcodec_descriptor_get_by_name
const AVCodecDescriptor * avcodec_descriptor_get_by_name(const char *name)
Definition: codec_desc.c:3632
codec_desc.h
int
int
Definition: ffmpeg_filter.c:156
first_field
static int first_field(const struct video_data *s)
Definition: v4l2.c:246
AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST
@ AV_OPT_TYPE_CONST
Definition: opt.h:234
snprintf
#define snprintf
Definition: snprintf.h:34
AVFormatContext::priv_data
void * priv_data
Format private data.
Definition: avformat.h:1244
V4L_TS_ABS
#define V4L_TS_ABS
Autodetect the kind of timestamps returned by the kernel and convert to absolute (wall clock) timesta...
Definition: v4l2.c:68
channel
channel
Definition: ebur128.h:39
av_x_if_null
static void * av_x_if_null(const void *p, const void *x)
Return x default pointer in case p is NULL.
Definition: avutil.h:308
av_get_pix_fmt_name
const char * av_get_pix_fmt_name(enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmt)
Return the short name for a pixel format, NULL in case pix_fmt is unknown.
Definition: pixdesc.c:2778
enqueue_buffer
static int enqueue_buffer(struct video_data *s, struct v4l2_buffer *buf)
Definition: v4l2.c:415
mmap_read_frame
static int mmap_read_frame(AVFormatContext *ctx, AVPacket *pkt)
Definition: v4l2.c:504
desired_video_buffers
static const int desired_video_buffers
Definition: v4l2.c:54
device_try_init
static int device_try_init(AVFormatContext *ctx, enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmt, int *width, int *height, uint32_t *desired_format, enum AVCodecID *codec_id)
Definition: v4l2.c:778