FFmpeg
transcoding.c
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1 /*
2  * Copyright (c) 2010 Nicolas George
3  * Copyright (c) 2011 Stefano Sabatini
4  * Copyright (c) 2014 Andrey Utkin
5  *
6  * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
7  * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
8  * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
9  * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
10  * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
11  * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
12  *
13  * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
14  * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
15  *
16  * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
17  * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
18  * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
19  * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
20  * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
21  * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
22  * THE SOFTWARE.
23  */
24 
25 /**
26  * @file
27  * API example for demuxing, decoding, filtering, encoding and muxing
28  * @example transcoding.c
29  */
30 
31 #include <libavcodec/avcodec.h>
32 #include <libavformat/avformat.h>
33 #include <libavfilter/buffersink.h>
34 #include <libavfilter/buffersrc.h>
36 #include <libavutil/opt.h>
37 #include <libavutil/pixdesc.h>
38 
41 typedef struct FilteringContext {
45 
50 
51 typedef struct StreamContext {
54 
58 
59 static int open_input_file(const char *filename)
60 {
61  int ret;
62  unsigned int i;
63 
64  ifmt_ctx = NULL;
65  if ((ret = avformat_open_input(&ifmt_ctx, filename, NULL, NULL)) < 0) {
66  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot open input file\n");
67  return ret;
68  }
69 
71  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot find stream information\n");
72  return ret;
73  }
74 
76  if (!stream_ctx)
77  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
78 
79  for (i = 0; i < ifmt_ctx->nb_streams; i++) {
80  AVStream *stream = ifmt_ctx->streams[i];
81  const AVCodec *dec = avcodec_find_decoder(stream->codecpar->codec_id);
82  AVCodecContext *codec_ctx;
83  if (!dec) {
84  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Failed to find decoder for stream #%u\n", i);
86  }
87  codec_ctx = avcodec_alloc_context3(dec);
88  if (!codec_ctx) {
89  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Failed to allocate the decoder context for stream #%u\n", i);
90  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
91  }
92  ret = avcodec_parameters_to_context(codec_ctx, stream->codecpar);
93  if (ret < 0) {
94  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Failed to copy decoder parameters to input decoder context "
95  "for stream #%u\n", i);
96  return ret;
97  }
98  /* Reencode video & audio and remux subtitles etc. */
99  if (codec_ctx->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO
100  || codec_ctx->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO) {
101  if (codec_ctx->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO)
102  codec_ctx->framerate = av_guess_frame_rate(ifmt_ctx, stream, NULL);
103  /* Open decoder */
104  ret = avcodec_open2(codec_ctx, dec, NULL);
105  if (ret < 0) {
106  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Failed to open decoder for stream #%u\n", i);
107  return ret;
108  }
109  }
110  stream_ctx[i].dec_ctx = codec_ctx;
111 
113  if (!stream_ctx[i].dec_frame)
114  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
115  }
116 
117  av_dump_format(ifmt_ctx, 0, filename, 0);
118  return 0;
119 }
120 
121 static int open_output_file(const char *filename)
122 {
123  AVStream *out_stream;
124  AVStream *in_stream;
125  AVCodecContext *dec_ctx, *enc_ctx;
126  const AVCodec *encoder;
127  int ret;
128  unsigned int i;
129 
130  ofmt_ctx = NULL;
132  if (!ofmt_ctx) {
133  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not create output context\n");
134  return AVERROR_UNKNOWN;
135  }
136 
137 
138  for (i = 0; i < ifmt_ctx->nb_streams; i++) {
139  out_stream = avformat_new_stream(ofmt_ctx, NULL);
140  if (!out_stream) {
141  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Failed allocating output stream\n");
142  return AVERROR_UNKNOWN;
143  }
144 
145  in_stream = ifmt_ctx->streams[i];
147 
150  /* in this example, we choose transcoding to same codec */
152  if (!encoder) {
153  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_FATAL, "Necessary encoder not found\n");
154  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
155  }
156  enc_ctx = avcodec_alloc_context3(encoder);
157  if (!enc_ctx) {
158  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_FATAL, "Failed to allocate the encoder context\n");
159  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
160  }
161 
162  /* In this example, we transcode to same properties (picture size,
163  * sample rate etc.). These properties can be changed for output
164  * streams easily using filters */
166  enc_ctx->height = dec_ctx->height;
167  enc_ctx->width = dec_ctx->width;
169  /* take first format from list of supported formats */
170  if (encoder->pix_fmts)
171  enc_ctx->pix_fmt = encoder->pix_fmts[0];
172  else
173  enc_ctx->pix_fmt = dec_ctx->pix_fmt;
174  /* video time_base can be set to whatever is handy and supported by encoder */
175  enc_ctx->time_base = av_inv_q(dec_ctx->framerate);
176  } else {
177  enc_ctx->sample_rate = dec_ctx->sample_rate;
180  /* take first format from list of supported formats */
181  enc_ctx->sample_fmt = encoder->sample_fmts[0];
182  enc_ctx->time_base = (AVRational){1, enc_ctx->sample_rate};
183  }
184 
187 
188  /* Third parameter can be used to pass settings to encoder */
189  ret = avcodec_open2(enc_ctx, encoder, NULL);
190  if (ret < 0) {
191  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot open video encoder for stream #%u\n", i);
192  return ret;
193  }
194  ret = avcodec_parameters_from_context(out_stream->codecpar, enc_ctx);
195  if (ret < 0) {
196  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Failed to copy encoder parameters to output stream #%u\n", i);
197  return ret;
198  }
199 
200  out_stream->time_base = enc_ctx->time_base;
201  stream_ctx[i].enc_ctx = enc_ctx;
202  } else if (dec_ctx->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_UNKNOWN) {
203  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_FATAL, "Elementary stream #%d is of unknown type, cannot proceed\n", i);
204  return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
205  } else {
206  /* if this stream must be remuxed */
207  ret = avcodec_parameters_copy(out_stream->codecpar, in_stream->codecpar);
208  if (ret < 0) {
209  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Copying parameters for stream #%u failed\n", i);
210  return ret;
211  }
212  out_stream->time_base = in_stream->time_base;
213  }
214 
215  }
216  av_dump_format(ofmt_ctx, 0, filename, 1);
217 
218  if (!(ofmt_ctx->oformat->flags & AVFMT_NOFILE)) {
219  ret = avio_open(&ofmt_ctx->pb, filename, AVIO_FLAG_WRITE);
220  if (ret < 0) {
221  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not open output file '%s'", filename);
222  return ret;
223  }
224  }
225 
226  /* init muxer, write output file header */
228  if (ret < 0) {
229  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error occurred when opening output file\n");
230  return ret;
231  }
232 
233  return 0;
234 }
235 
237  AVCodecContext *enc_ctx, const char *filter_spec)
238 {
239  char args[512];
240  int ret = 0;
241  const AVFilter *buffersrc = NULL;
242  const AVFilter *buffersink = NULL;
248 
249  if (!outputs || !inputs || !filter_graph) {
250  ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
251  goto end;
252  }
253 
255  buffersrc = avfilter_get_by_name("buffer");
256  buffersink = avfilter_get_by_name("buffersink");
257  if (!buffersrc || !buffersink) {
258  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "filtering source or sink element not found\n");
260  goto end;
261  }
262 
263  snprintf(args, sizeof(args),
264  "video_size=%dx%d:pix_fmt=%d:time_base=%d/%d:pixel_aspect=%d/%d",
269 
270  ret = avfilter_graph_create_filter(&buffersrc_ctx, buffersrc, "in",
271  args, NULL, filter_graph);
272  if (ret < 0) {
273  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot create buffer source\n");
274  goto end;
275  }
276 
277  ret = avfilter_graph_create_filter(&buffersink_ctx, buffersink, "out",
279  if (ret < 0) {
280  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot create buffer sink\n");
281  goto end;
282  }
283 
284  ret = av_opt_set_bin(buffersink_ctx, "pix_fmts",
285  (uint8_t*)&enc_ctx->pix_fmt, sizeof(enc_ctx->pix_fmt),
287  if (ret < 0) {
288  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot set output pixel format\n");
289  goto end;
290  }
291  } else if (dec_ctx->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO) {
292  buffersrc = avfilter_get_by_name("abuffer");
293  buffersink = avfilter_get_by_name("abuffersink");
294  if (!buffersrc || !buffersink) {
295  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "filtering source or sink element not found\n");
297  goto end;
298  }
299 
300  if (!dec_ctx->channel_layout)
303  snprintf(args, sizeof(args),
304  "time_base=%d/%d:sample_rate=%d:sample_fmt=%s:channel_layout=0x%"PRIx64,
308  ret = avfilter_graph_create_filter(&buffersrc_ctx, buffersrc, "in",
309  args, NULL, filter_graph);
310  if (ret < 0) {
311  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot create audio buffer source\n");
312  goto end;
313  }
314 
315  ret = avfilter_graph_create_filter(&buffersink_ctx, buffersink, "out",
317  if (ret < 0) {
318  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot create audio buffer sink\n");
319  goto end;
320  }
321 
322  ret = av_opt_set_bin(buffersink_ctx, "sample_fmts",
323  (uint8_t*)&enc_ctx->sample_fmt, sizeof(enc_ctx->sample_fmt),
325  if (ret < 0) {
326  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot set output sample format\n");
327  goto end;
328  }
329 
330  ret = av_opt_set_bin(buffersink_ctx, "channel_layouts",
331  (uint8_t*)&enc_ctx->channel_layout,
332  sizeof(enc_ctx->channel_layout), AV_OPT_SEARCH_CHILDREN);
333  if (ret < 0) {
334  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot set output channel layout\n");
335  goto end;
336  }
337 
338  ret = av_opt_set_bin(buffersink_ctx, "sample_rates",
339  (uint8_t*)&enc_ctx->sample_rate, sizeof(enc_ctx->sample_rate),
341  if (ret < 0) {
342  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Cannot set output sample rate\n");
343  goto end;
344  }
345  } else {
347  goto end;
348  }
349 
350  /* Endpoints for the filter graph. */
351  outputs->name = av_strdup("in");
352  outputs->filter_ctx = buffersrc_ctx;
353  outputs->pad_idx = 0;
354  outputs->next = NULL;
355 
356  inputs->name = av_strdup("out");
357  inputs->filter_ctx = buffersink_ctx;
358  inputs->pad_idx = 0;
359  inputs->next = NULL;
360 
361  if (!outputs->name || !inputs->name) {
362  ret = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
363  goto end;
364  }
365 
366  if ((ret = avfilter_graph_parse_ptr(filter_graph, filter_spec,
367  &inputs, &outputs, NULL)) < 0)
368  goto end;
369 
371  goto end;
372 
373  /* Fill FilteringContext */
376  fctx->filter_graph = filter_graph;
377 
378 end:
381 
382  return ret;
383 }
384 
385 static int init_filters(void)
386 {
387  const char *filter_spec;
388  unsigned int i;
389  int ret;
391  if (!filter_ctx)
392  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
393 
394  for (i = 0; i < ifmt_ctx->nb_streams; i++) {
400  continue;
401 
402 
404  filter_spec = "null"; /* passthrough (dummy) filter for video */
405  else
406  filter_spec = "anull"; /* passthrough (dummy) filter for audio */
408  stream_ctx[i].enc_ctx, filter_spec);
409  if (ret)
410  return ret;
411 
413  if (!filter_ctx[i].enc_pkt)
414  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
415 
417  if (!filter_ctx[i].filtered_frame)
418  return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
419  }
420  return 0;
421 }
422 
423 static int encode_write_frame(unsigned int stream_index, int flush)
424 {
425  StreamContext *stream = &stream_ctx[stream_index];
426  FilteringContext *filter = &filter_ctx[stream_index];
427  AVFrame *filt_frame = flush ? NULL : filter->filtered_frame;
428  AVPacket *enc_pkt = filter->enc_pkt;
429  int ret;
430 
431  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_INFO, "Encoding frame\n");
432  /* encode filtered frame */
433  av_packet_unref(enc_pkt);
434 
435  ret = avcodec_send_frame(stream->enc_ctx, filt_frame);
436 
437  if (ret < 0)
438  return ret;
439 
440  while (ret >= 0) {
441  ret = avcodec_receive_packet(stream->enc_ctx, enc_pkt);
442 
443  if (ret == AVERROR(EAGAIN) || ret == AVERROR_EOF)
444  return 0;
445 
446  /* prepare packet for muxing */
447  enc_pkt->stream_index = stream_index;
448  av_packet_rescale_ts(enc_pkt,
449  stream->enc_ctx->time_base,
450  ofmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base);
451 
452  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "Muxing frame\n");
453  /* mux encoded frame */
455  }
456 
457  return ret;
458 }
459 
460 static int filter_encode_write_frame(AVFrame *frame, unsigned int stream_index)
461 {
462  FilteringContext *filter = &filter_ctx[stream_index];
463  int ret;
464 
465  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_INFO, "Pushing decoded frame to filters\n");
466  /* push the decoded frame into the filtergraph */
467  ret = av_buffersrc_add_frame_flags(filter->buffersrc_ctx,
468  frame, 0);
469  if (ret < 0) {
470  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error while feeding the filtergraph\n");
471  return ret;
472  }
473 
474  /* pull filtered frames from the filtergraph */
475  while (1) {
476  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_INFO, "Pulling filtered frame from filters\n");
477  ret = av_buffersink_get_frame(filter->buffersink_ctx,
478  filter->filtered_frame);
479  if (ret < 0) {
480  /* if no more frames for output - returns AVERROR(EAGAIN)
481  * if flushed and no more frames for output - returns AVERROR_EOF
482  * rewrite retcode to 0 to show it as normal procedure completion
483  */
484  if (ret == AVERROR(EAGAIN) || ret == AVERROR_EOF)
485  ret = 0;
486  break;
487  }
488 
489  filter->filtered_frame->pict_type = AV_PICTURE_TYPE_NONE;
490  ret = encode_write_frame(stream_index, 0);
491  av_frame_unref(filter->filtered_frame);
492  if (ret < 0)
493  break;
494  }
495 
496  return ret;
497 }
498 
499 static int flush_encoder(unsigned int stream_index)
500 {
501  if (!(stream_ctx[stream_index].enc_ctx->codec->capabilities &
503  return 0;
504 
505  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_INFO, "Flushing stream #%u encoder\n", stream_index);
506  return encode_write_frame(stream_index, 1);
507 }
508 
509 int main(int argc, char **argv)
510 {
511  int ret;
512  AVPacket *packet = NULL;
513  unsigned int stream_index;
514  unsigned int i;
515 
516  if (argc != 3) {
517  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Usage: %s <input file> <output file>\n", argv[0]);
518  return 1;
519  }
520 
521  if ((ret = open_input_file(argv[1])) < 0)
522  goto end;
523  if ((ret = open_output_file(argv[2])) < 0)
524  goto end;
525  if ((ret = init_filters()) < 0)
526  goto end;
527  if (!(packet = av_packet_alloc()))
528  goto end;
529 
530  /* read all packets */
531  while (1) {
532  if ((ret = av_read_frame(ifmt_ctx, packet)) < 0)
533  break;
534  stream_index = packet->stream_index;
535  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "Demuxer gave frame of stream_index %u\n",
536  stream_index);
537 
538  if (filter_ctx[stream_index].filter_graph) {
539  StreamContext *stream = &stream_ctx[stream_index];
540 
541  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "Going to reencode&filter the frame\n");
542 
543  av_packet_rescale_ts(packet,
544  ifmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base,
545  stream->dec_ctx->time_base);
546  ret = avcodec_send_packet(stream->dec_ctx, packet);
547  if (ret < 0) {
548  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Decoding failed\n");
549  break;
550  }
551 
552  while (ret >= 0) {
553  ret = avcodec_receive_frame(stream->dec_ctx, stream->dec_frame);
554  if (ret == AVERROR_EOF || ret == AVERROR(EAGAIN))
555  break;
556  else if (ret < 0)
557  goto end;
558 
559  stream->dec_frame->pts = stream->dec_frame->best_effort_timestamp;
560  ret = filter_encode_write_frame(stream->dec_frame, stream_index);
561  if (ret < 0)
562  goto end;
563  }
564  } else {
565  /* remux this frame without reencoding */
566  av_packet_rescale_ts(packet,
567  ifmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base,
568  ofmt_ctx->streams[stream_index]->time_base);
569 
571  if (ret < 0)
572  goto end;
573  }
574  av_packet_unref(packet);
575  }
576 
577  /* flush filters and encoders */
578  for (i = 0; i < ifmt_ctx->nb_streams; i++) {
579  /* flush filter */
580  if (!filter_ctx[i].filter_graph)
581  continue;
583  if (ret < 0) {
584  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Flushing filter failed\n");
585  goto end;
586  }
587 
588  /* flush encoder */
589  ret = flush_encoder(i);
590  if (ret < 0) {
591  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Flushing encoder failed\n");
592  goto end;
593  }
594  }
595 
597 end:
598  av_packet_free(&packet);
599  for (i = 0; i < ifmt_ctx->nb_streams; i++) {
602  avcodec_free_context(&stream_ctx[i].enc_ctx);
605  av_packet_free(&filter_ctx[i].enc_pkt);
606  av_frame_free(&filter_ctx[i].filtered_frame);
607  }
608 
609  av_frame_free(&stream_ctx[i].dec_frame);
610  }
617 
618  if (ret < 0)
619  av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error occurred: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
620 
621  return ret ? 1 : 0;
622 }
av_packet_unref
void av_packet_unref(AVPacket *pkt)
Wipe the packet.
Definition: avpacket.c:417
AVCodec
AVCodec.
Definition: codec.h:202
avcodec_receive_packet
int avcodec_receive_packet(AVCodecContext *avctx, AVPacket *avpkt)
Read encoded data from the encoder.
Definition: encode.c:392
AVERROR
Filter the word “frame” indicates either a video frame or a group of audio as stored in an AVFrame structure Format for each input and each output the list of supported formats For video that means pixel format For audio that means channel sample they are references to shared objects When the negotiation mechanism computes the intersection of the formats supported at each end of a all references to both lists are replaced with a reference to the intersection And when a single format is eventually chosen for a link amongst the remaining all references to the list are updated That means that if a filter requires that its input and output have the same format amongst a supported all it has to do is use a reference to the same list of formats query_formats can leave some formats unset and return AVERROR(EAGAIN) to cause the negotiation mechanism toagain later. That can be used by filters with complex requirements to use the format negotiated on one link to set the formats supported on another. Frame references ownership and permissions
opt.h
avformat_new_stream
AVStream * avformat_new_stream(AVFormatContext *s, const AVCodec *c)
Add a new stream to a media file.
Definition: utils.c:724
filter_ctx
static FilteringContext * filter_ctx
Definition: transcoding.c:49
AVCodecParameters::codec_type
enum AVMediaType codec_type
General type of the encoded data.
Definition: codec_par.h:56
AVCodecContext::channel_layout
uint64_t channel_layout
Audio channel layout.
Definition: avcodec.h:1043
AVCodecContext::sample_rate
int sample_rate
samples per second
Definition: avcodec.h:992
AVERROR_EOF
#define AVERROR_EOF
End of file.
Definition: error.h:57
buffersink_ctx
AVFilterContext * buffersink_ctx
Definition: filtering_audio.c:45
FilteringContext::filtered_frame
AVFrame * filtered_frame
Definition: transcoding.c:47
avcodec_parameters_from_context
int avcodec_parameters_from_context(AVCodecParameters *par, const AVCodecContext *codec)
Fill the parameters struct based on the values from the supplied codec context.
Definition: codec_par.c:90
main
int main(int argc, char **argv)
Definition: transcoding.c:509
AVCodec::pix_fmts
enum AVPixelFormat * pix_fmts
array of supported pixel formats, or NULL if unknown, array is terminated by -1
Definition: codec.h:224
av_frame_free
void av_frame_free(AVFrame **frame)
Free the frame and any dynamically allocated objects in it, e.g.
Definition: frame.c:112
avcodec_find_encoder
const AVCodec * avcodec_find_encoder(enum AVCodecID id)
Find a registered encoder with a matching codec ID.
Definition: allcodecs.c:912
AVFrame
This structure describes decoded (raw) audio or video data.
Definition: frame.h:303
pixdesc.h
AVFormatContext::streams
AVStream ** streams
A list of all streams in the file.
Definition: avformat.h:1165
AVFrame::pts
int64_t pts
Presentation timestamp in time_base units (time when frame should be shown to user).
Definition: frame.h:396
ofmt_ctx
static AVFormatContext * ofmt_ctx
Definition: transcoding.c:40
encode_write_frame
static int encode_write_frame(unsigned int stream_index, int flush)
Definition: transcoding.c:423
filter
filter_frame For filters that do not use the this method is called when a frame is pushed to the filter s input It can be called at any time except in a reentrant way If the input frame is enough to produce then the filter should push the output frames on the output link immediately As an exception to the previous rule if the input frame is enough to produce several output frames then the filter needs output only at least one per link The additional frames can be left buffered in the filter
Definition: filter_design.txt:228
av_read_frame
int av_read_frame(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
Return the next frame of a stream.
Definition: demux.c:1414
AVERROR_UNKNOWN
#define AVERROR_UNKNOWN
Unknown error, typically from an external library.
Definition: error.h:73
StreamContext::dec_frame
AVFrame * dec_frame
Definition: transcoding.c:55
av_packet_free
void av_packet_free(AVPacket **pkt)
Free the packet, if the packet is reference counted, it will be unreferenced first.
Definition: avpacket.c:75
AV_CODEC_FLAG_GLOBAL_HEADER
#define AV_CODEC_FLAG_GLOBAL_HEADER
Place global headers in extradata instead of every keyframe.
Definition: avcodec.h:268
avfilter_graph_free
void avfilter_graph_free(AVFilterGraph **graph)
Free a graph, destroy its links, and set *graph to NULL.
Definition: avfiltergraph.c:121
AVCodecContext::framerate
AVRational framerate
Definition: avcodec.h:1710
avformat_close_input
void avformat_close_input(AVFormatContext **s)
Close an opened input AVFormatContext.
Definition: demux.c:355
flush_encoder
static int flush_encoder(unsigned int stream_index)
Definition: transcoding.c:499
FilteringContext
Definition: transcoding.c:41
avfilter_graph_create_filter
int avfilter_graph_create_filter(AVFilterContext **filt_ctx, const AVFilter *filt, const char *name, const char *args, void *opaque, AVFilterGraph *graph_ctx)
Create and add a filter instance into an existing graph.
Definition: avfiltergraph.c:140
filter_graph
AVFilterGraph * filter_graph
Definition: filtering_audio.c:47
AVCodec::sample_fmts
enum AVSampleFormat * sample_fmts
array of supported sample formats, or NULL if unknown, array is terminated by -1
Definition: codec.h:226
avfilter_graph_alloc
AVFilterGraph * avfilter_graph_alloc(void)
Allocate a filter graph.
Definition: avfiltergraph.c:84
AVCodecContext::flags
int flags
AV_CODEC_FLAG_*.
Definition: avcodec.h:463
AVRational::num
int num
Numerator.
Definition: rational.h:59
av_frame_alloc
AVFrame * av_frame_alloc(void)
Allocate an AVFrame and set its fields to default values.
Definition: frame.c:99
avfilter_inout_free
void avfilter_inout_free(AVFilterInOut **inout)
Free the supplied list of AVFilterInOut and set *inout to NULL.
Definition: graphparser.c:212
AV_LOG_ERROR
#define AV_LOG_ERROR
Something went wrong and cannot losslessly be recovered.
Definition: log.h:180
inputs
these buffered frames must be flushed immediately if a new input produces new the filter must not call request_frame to get more It must just process the frame or queue it The task of requesting more frames is left to the filter s request_frame method or the application If a filter has several inputs
Definition: filter_design.txt:243
av_dump_format
void av_dump_format(AVFormatContext *ic, int index, const char *url, int is_output)
Print detailed information about the input or output format, such as duration, bitrate,...
Definition: dump.c:621
avformat_open_input
int avformat_open_input(AVFormatContext **ps, const char *url, const AVInputFormat *fmt, AVDictionary **options)
Open an input stream and read the header.
Definition: demux.c:207
avcodec_alloc_context3
AVCodecContext * avcodec_alloc_context3(const AVCodec *codec)
Allocate an AVCodecContext and set its fields to default values.
Definition: options.c:141
AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO
@ AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO
Definition: avutil.h:202
av_buffersink_get_frame
int attribute_align_arg av_buffersink_get_frame(AVFilterContext *ctx, AVFrame *frame)
Get a frame with filtered data from sink and put it in frame.
Definition: buffersink.c:88
avcodec_receive_frame
int avcodec_receive_frame(AVCodecContext *avctx, AVFrame *frame)
Return decoded output data from a decoder.
Definition: decode.c:643
outputs
static const AVFilterPad outputs[]
Definition: af_acontrast.c:192
AVIO_FLAG_WRITE
#define AVIO_FLAG_WRITE
write-only
Definition: avio.h:604
AV_LOG_DEBUG
#define AV_LOG_DEBUG
Stuff which is only useful for libav* developers.
Definition: log.h:201
av_get_sample_fmt_name
const char * av_get_sample_fmt_name(enum AVSampleFormat sample_fmt)
Return the name of sample_fmt, or NULL if sample_fmt is not recognized.
Definition: samplefmt.c:49
buffersrc_ctx
AVFilterContext * buffersrc_ctx
Definition: filtering_audio.c:46
avformat_write_header
av_warn_unused_result int avformat_write_header(AVFormatContext *s, AVDictionary **options)
Allocate the stream private data and write the stream header to an output media file.
Definition: mux.c:467
AVCodecContext::codec_id
enum AVCodecID codec_id
Definition: avcodec.h:393
FilteringContext::buffersrc_ctx
AVFilterContext * buffersrc_ctx
Definition: transcoding.c:43
AVFormatContext
Format I/O context.
Definition: avformat.h:1097
avfilter_get_by_name
const AVFilter * avfilter_get_by_name(const char *name)
Get a filter definition matching the given name.
Definition: allfilters.c:557
AVStream::codecpar
AVCodecParameters * codecpar
Codec parameters associated with this stream.
Definition: avformat.h:992
avfilter_graph_config
int avfilter_graph_config(AVFilterGraph *graphctx, void *log_ctx)
Check validity and configure all the links and formats in the graph.
Definition: avfiltergraph.c:1160
AVStream::time_base
AVRational time_base
This is the fundamental unit of time (in seconds) in terms of which frame timestamps are represented.
Definition: avformat.h:868
flush
static void flush(AVCodecContext *avctx)
Definition: aacdec_template.c:593
NULL
#define NULL
Definition: coverity.c:32
av_opt_set_bin
int av_opt_set_bin(void *obj, const char *name, const uint8_t *val, int len, int search_flags)
Definition: opt.c:604
init_filters
static int init_filters(void)
Definition: transcoding.c:385
avcodec_free_context
void avcodec_free_context(AVCodecContext **avctx)
Free the codec context and everything associated with it and write NULL to the provided pointer.
Definition: options.c:156
AVRational
Rational number (pair of numerator and denominator).
Definition: rational.h:58
AVFormatContext::pb
AVIOContext * pb
I/O context.
Definition: avformat.h:1139
avfilter_inout_alloc
AVFilterInOut * avfilter_inout_alloc(void)
Allocate a single AVFilterInOut entry.
Definition: graphparser.c:207
avcodec_open2
int attribute_align_arg avcodec_open2(AVCodecContext *avctx, const AVCodec *codec, AVDictionary **options)
Initialize the AVCodecContext to use the given AVCodec.
Definition: avcodec.c:137
AVFilterGraph
Definition: avfilter.h:805
av_get_channel_layout_nb_channels
int av_get_channel_layout_nb_channels(uint64_t channel_layout)
Return the number of channels in the channel layout.
Definition: channel_layout.c:226
stream_ctx
static StreamContext * stream_ctx
Definition: transcoding.c:57
avcodec_find_decoder
const AVCodec * avcodec_find_decoder(enum AVCodecID id)
Find a registered decoder with a matching codec ID.
Definition: allcodecs.c:917
AVFrame::best_effort_timestamp
int64_t best_effort_timestamp
frame timestamp estimated using various heuristics, in stream time base
Definition: frame.h:550
AVFormatContext::nb_streams
unsigned int nb_streams
Number of elements in AVFormatContext.streams.
Definition: avformat.h:1153
StreamContext
Definition: transcoding.c:51
AVOutputFormat::flags
int flags
can use flags: AVFMT_NOFILE, AVFMT_NEEDNUMBER, AVFMT_GLOBALHEADER, AVFMT_NOTIMESTAMPS,...
Definition: avformat.h:515
AVCodecContext::time_base
AVRational time_base
This is the fundamental unit of time (in seconds) in terms of which frame timestamps are represented.
Definition: avcodec.h:506
avformat_find_stream_info
int avformat_find_stream_info(AVFormatContext *ic, AVDictionary **options)
Read packets of a media file to get stream information.
Definition: demux.c:2396
open_output_file
static int open_output_file(const char *filename)
Definition: transcoding.c:121
av_err2str
#define av_err2str(errnum)
Convenience macro, the return value should be used only directly in function arguments but never stan...
Definition: error.h:121
AVCodecContext::sample_fmt
enum AVSampleFormat sample_fmt
audio sample format
Definition: avcodec.h:1000
av_guess_frame_rate
AVRational av_guess_frame_rate(AVFormatContext *ctx, AVStream *stream, AVFrame *frame)
Guess the frame rate, based on both the container and codec information.
Definition: utils.c:1338
AVFMT_NOFILE
#define AVFMT_NOFILE
Demuxer will use avio_open, no opened file should be provided by the caller.
Definition: avformat.h:463
AVMEDIA_TYPE_UNKNOWN
@ AVMEDIA_TYPE_UNKNOWN
Usually treated as AVMEDIA_TYPE_DATA.
Definition: avutil.h:200
AV_PICTURE_TYPE_NONE
@ AV_PICTURE_TYPE_NONE
Undefined.
Definition: avutil.h:273
AV_OPT_SEARCH_CHILDREN
#define AV_OPT_SEARCH_CHILDREN
Search in possible children of the given object first.
Definition: opt.h:559
FilteringContext::enc_pkt
AVPacket * enc_pkt
Definition: transcoding.c:46
av_packet_alloc
AVPacket * av_packet_alloc(void)
Allocate an AVPacket and set its fields to default values.
Definition: avpacket.c:64
av_packet_rescale_ts
void av_packet_rescale_ts(AVPacket *pkt, AVRational src_tb, AVRational dst_tb)
Convert valid timing fields (timestamps / durations) in a packet from one timebase to another.
Definition: avpacket.c:521
AV_LOG_INFO
#define AV_LOG_INFO
Standard information.
Definition: log.h:191
AVCodecContext::channels
int channels
number of audio channels
Definition: avcodec.h:993
buffersink.h
avcodec_parameters_copy
int avcodec_parameters_copy(AVCodecParameters *dst, const AVCodecParameters *src)
Copy the contents of src to dst.
Definition: codec_par.c:72
avcodec_send_packet
int avcodec_send_packet(AVCodecContext *avctx, const AVPacket *avpkt)
Supply raw packet data as input to a decoder.
Definition: decode.c:580
avio_closep
int avio_closep(AVIOContext **s)
Close the resource accessed by the AVIOContext *s, free it and set the pointer pointing to it to NULL...
Definition: aviobuf.c:1213
av_write_trailer
int av_write_trailer(AVFormatContext *s)
Write the stream trailer to an output media file and free the file private data.
Definition: mux.c:1251
open_input_file
static int open_input_file(const char *filename)
Definition: transcoding.c:59
i
int i
Definition: input.c:406
StreamContext::dec_ctx
AVCodecContext * dec_ctx
Definition: transcoding.c:52
AVFMT_GLOBALHEADER
#define AVFMT_GLOBALHEADER
Format wants global header.
Definition: avformat.h:466
avfilter_graph_parse_ptr
int avfilter_graph_parse_ptr(AVFilterGraph *graph, const char *filters, AVFilterInOut **inputs, AVFilterInOut **outputs, void *log_ctx)
Add a graph described by a string to a graph.
Definition: graphparser.c:549
avcodec_parameters_to_context
int avcodec_parameters_to_context(AVCodecContext *codec, const AVCodecParameters *par)
Fill the codec context based on the values from the supplied codec parameters.
Definition: codec_par.c:147
av_buffersrc_add_frame_flags
int attribute_align_arg av_buffersrc_add_frame_flags(AVFilterContext *ctx, AVFrame *frame, int flags)
Add a frame to the buffer source.
Definition: buffersrc.c:165
av_malloc_array
#define av_malloc_array(a, b)
Definition: tableprint_vlc.h:32
av_frame_unref
void av_frame_unref(AVFrame *frame)
Unreference all the buffers referenced by frame and reset the frame fields.
Definition: frame.c:437
av_inv_q
static av_always_inline AVRational av_inv_q(AVRational q)
Invert a rational.
Definition: rational.h:159
AVFilterPad::name
const char * name
Pad name.
Definition: internal.h:56
AVCodecContext::height
int height
Definition: avcodec.h:556
avcodec_send_frame
int avcodec_send_frame(AVCodecContext *avctx, const AVFrame *frame)
Supply a raw video or audio frame to the encoder.
Definition: encode.c:361
AVCodecContext::pix_fmt
enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmt
Pixel format, see AV_PIX_FMT_xxx.
Definition: avcodec.h:593
av_calloc
void * av_calloc(size_t nmemb, size_t size)
Definition: mem.c:271
avcodec.h
AVFilter
Filter definition.
Definition: avfilter.h:149
ret
ret
Definition: filter_design.txt:187
AVStream
Stream structure.
Definition: avformat.h:845
AV_LOG_FATAL
#define AV_LOG_FATAL
Something went wrong and recovery is not possible.
Definition: log.h:174
frame
these buffered frames must be flushed immediately if a new input produces new the filter must not call request_frame to get more It must just process the frame or queue it The task of requesting more frames is left to the filter s request_frame method or the application If a filter has several the filter must be ready for frames arriving randomly on any input any filter with several inputs will most likely require some kind of queuing mechanism It is perfectly acceptable to have a limited queue and to drop frames when the inputs are too unbalanced request_frame For filters that do not use the this method is called when a frame is wanted on an output For a it should directly call filter_frame on the corresponding output For a if there are queued frames already one of these frames should be pushed If the filter should request a frame on one of its repeatedly until at least one frame has been pushed Return or at least make progress towards producing a frame
Definition: filter_design.txt:264
AVFormatContext::oformat
const struct AVOutputFormat * oformat
The output container format.
Definition: avformat.h:1116
avformat.h
StreamContext::enc_ctx
AVCodecContext * enc_ctx
Definition: transcoding.c:53
AVCodecContext
main external API structure.
Definition: avcodec.h:383
channel_layout.h
AVRational::den
int den
Denominator.
Definition: rational.h:60
avformat_free_context
void avformat_free_context(AVFormatContext *s)
Free an AVFormatContext and all its streams.
Definition: utils.c:679
AV_CODEC_CAP_DELAY
#define AV_CODEC_CAP_DELAY
Encoder or decoder requires flushing with NULL input at the end in order to give the complete and cor...
Definition: codec.h:82
avio_open
int avio_open(AVIOContext **s, const char *url, int flags)
Create and initialize a AVIOContext for accessing the resource indicated by url.
Definition: aviobuf.c:1155
AVPacket::stream_index
int stream_index
Definition: packet.h:375
ifmt_ctx
static AVFormatContext * ifmt_ctx
Definition: transcoding.c:39
AVFilterContext
An instance of a filter.
Definition: avfilter.h:346
AVERROR_DECODER_NOT_FOUND
#define AVERROR_DECODER_NOT_FOUND
Decoder not found.
Definition: error.h:54
AVCodecContext::codec_type
enum AVMediaType codec_type
Definition: avcodec.h:391
av_strdup
char * av_strdup(const char *s)
Duplicate a string.
Definition: mem.c:279
AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO
@ AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO
Definition: avutil.h:201
av_get_default_channel_layout
int64_t av_get_default_channel_layout(int nb_channels)
Return default channel layout for a given number of channels.
Definition: channel_layout.c:231
av_free
#define av_free(p)
Definition: tableprint_vlc.h:34
AVCodecParameters::codec_id
enum AVCodecID codec_id
Specific type of the encoded data (the codec used).
Definition: codec_par.h:60
AVPacket
This structure stores compressed data.
Definition: packet.h:350
av_interleaved_write_frame
int av_interleaved_write_frame(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
Write a packet to an output media file ensuring correct interleaving.
Definition: mux.c:1236
FilteringContext::buffersink_ctx
AVFilterContext * buffersink_ctx
Definition: transcoding.c:42
AVCodecContext::width
int width
picture width / height.
Definition: avcodec.h:556
av_log
#define av_log(a,...)
Definition: tableprint_vlc.h:28
AVERROR_INVALIDDATA
#define AVERROR_INVALIDDATA
Invalid data found when processing input.
Definition: error.h:61
avformat_alloc_output_context2
int avformat_alloc_output_context2(AVFormatContext **ctx, const AVOutputFormat *oformat, const char *format_name, const char *filename)
Allocate an AVFormatContext for an output format.
Definition: mux.c:136
AVFilterInOut
A linked-list of the inputs/outputs of the filter chain.
Definition: avfilter.h:965
snprintf
#define snprintf
Definition: snprintf.h:34
FilteringContext::filter_graph
AVFilterGraph * filter_graph
Definition: transcoding.c:44
buffersrc.h
init_filter
static int init_filter(FilteringContext *fctx, AVCodecContext *dec_ctx, AVCodecContext *enc_ctx, const char *filter_spec)
Definition: transcoding.c:236
AVCodecContext::sample_aspect_ratio
AVRational sample_aspect_ratio
sample aspect ratio (0 if unknown) That is the width of a pixel divided by the height of the pixel.
Definition: avcodec.h:753
dec_ctx
static AVCodecContext * dec_ctx
Definition: filtering_audio.c:44
filter_encode_write_frame
static int filter_encode_write_frame(AVFrame *frame, unsigned int stream_index)
Definition: transcoding.c:460